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The Hindu Editorial Analysis | 9th July ’20 | PDF Download

A case for extension

  • 8.4 lakh poor households have completed at least 80 days of the 100-day limit for work under the MGNREGS
  • 1.4 lakh among those have completed the full quota
  • This year, 4.6 crore households have benefited from MGNREGS.
  • Distress has driven them to MGNREGA.
  • The scheme has come as a huge relief to poor families.
  • Demand for MGNREGA has doubled or tripled in many districts.
  • Centre should extend the limit of MGNREGA, at least on State-by-State basis.
  • MGNREGA has so far worked like an insurance in a time of crisis.
  • It should be used as a vehicle for rural development.
  • The lessons from its successes and failures could be used for a more comprehensive job guarantee plan that covers urban India too.

Beijing likes to talk about “community of shared future of mankind” | ToI

  • Chinese President Xi Jinping, at the UN in 2015: “community of shared future of mankind
  • At the 19th CPC National Congress in 2017, “building a community with a shared future for mankind” was enshrined as a core concept and basic policy guiding Chinese diplomacy.
  • China claims that this is the goal of its BRI.
  • UN agencies sprinkle it in their documentation.
  • 73rd session in 2018 even called for a “community of shared future for humankind in cyberspace”.
  • Chinese scholars trace the term’s lineage to the tianxia (all under heaven) system.
  • It’s said to build on Deng Xiaoping’s “peace and development” thesis, Jiang Zemin’s “new security concept” and Hu Jintao’s call for a “harmonious world”.
  • According to Liu Ming, a Chinese scholar
    1. Developing a new model for major power competition
    2. Shifting security concerns to non-traditional threats
    3. Promoting win-win economic cooperation instead of trade and technological competition
    4. Integrating non-Western practices and governance with the Western system of universal values
    5. Managing economic development in a way that ensures ecological balance.
  • India-ChinaPanchsheelAgreement of 1954: “win-win” outcomes rather than competition and promotes tolerance for political and cultural differences.
  • The focus is on issues with broad appeal – sustainable development, countering non-traditional security threats, epidemics and pandemics, drug trafficking, money laundering, human trafficking and collaboration in frontier domains like high seas, polar regions, outer space and cyberspace.
  • The effort is to foster China’s integration in the existing order as a great power with leadership status.
  • Joseph Nye: soft power is dependent on an attractive vision of the future.
    1. China’s concept aims to be alluring. Some find it appealing. Yet, China’s assertiveness has aroused global concerns.
  • On our part, we need to deploy those with expertise in deciphering China’s intent and those with strategic insights to assess this offering.
  • We need to determine whether China’s “community of shared future” is the global future that India wants – in full, part or not at all.

Parochial Self Goal | ToI

  • US revoked F-1 visas for international students
  • There could be sharp fall in new enrolment.
  • 1.1 million international students contribute an estimated $41 billion to the US economy
  • Most learners come with clear goals of where and what to study, sometimes even whom to study under.
  • Nearly 2 lakh Indian students are facing the threat of deportation.
  • America under the Trump administration is acquiring a reputation for radical policy uncertainty and insensitivity characteristic.

Cruel and reckless | IndExp

  • Presidents/PMs will be judged by their ability to handle COVID-19 challenge.
  • Trump: tried to duck it and politicise it
  • American schools and colleges are rightly considering the reopening process with extreme caution, and like in other countries, a significant part of academic life has gone online.
  • Trump has charged that schools are being kept closed for political reasons, to prevent the US from returning to normal life.
  • Foreign students must leave the country or face deportation proceedings if their institutions have moved instruction completely online.
  • Indian students may have become collateral damage in an attack on two targets — their Chinese peers, who form the largest cohort of foreign students, and campuses which depend on the fees they pay, but refuse to physically reopen.
  • The loss of Indian human capital would be felt across the board, from education, medicine and IT to hospitality.
  • With Harvard and MIT filing a lawsuit against the Department of Homeland Security and ICE agency in a district court in Boston, challenging the ill-judged order on international students — Harvard President Larry Bacow called it cruel and reckless — a heartening push back has begun.

Green-lighting ecological decimation amidst a pandemic | TH

  • In terms of countries vulnerable to climate change, the rank of India is 5th.
  • Yet, there is little attention on the roots of our vulnerability.
  • Pandemic is not a bolt from the blue.
  • Our vulnerabilites lie in global development models that sacrifice environmental resilience for limitless economic growth and wealth accumulation.
  • The 21st century has seen multiple lethal epidemics.
  • The accelerating destruction of wild habitats, forests and diversified food systems for urbanisation, mining, and industry means pathogens which were once largely confined to animals and plants in the wild are now better positioned to infect humans.
  • Expansion of monoculture cropping
  • Livestock farming systems
  • Human settlements

  • Etalin Hydropower Project in the biodiversity-rich Dibang valley of Arunachal Pradesh
  • Coal mine in Assam’s Dehing Patkai Elephant Reserve
  • Diamond mining in the Panna forested belt
  • Coal mine to be operated by Adani Enterprises with a coal-fired power plant in Odisha’s Talabira forests
  • Limestone mine in the Gir National Park
  • Geo-technical investigation in the Sharavathi Lion-Tailed Macaque Sanctuary in Karnataka

Draft Environment Impact Assessment

    • MoEFCC kept June 30 deadline
    • Delhi High Court later extended deadline to August 11
  • As per the draft, starting a project before obtaining environmental approvals will no longer be a violation, and it can be regularised post-facto.
  • The draft says nothing on improving monitoring, and compliance with clearance conditions and safeguards.
  • Safeguarding the environment and front-line communities seems nowhere on the government’s agenda.

UN at 75

  • 50 nations signed a Charter on 26-June-1945 at San Fanciso to establish the UN.
  • Today UN has 193 members.
  • Dag Hammarksjoeld, 2nd Secretary General: “UN was not created to take mankind to heaven, but to save humanity from hell”.
  • Despite all its flaws, UN may not have been able to ensure peace, but it did contained few wars.
  • UN has not been able to unite nations on issues of terrorism, refugees, Covid-19 etc
  • For the 8th time India will again take a seat at UNSC.
  • In last 10 years, the world has seen the rise of China and waning of USA.
  • Trump: America First, Trans Pacific Partnership, Paris Climate Deal, JCPOA, NATO
  • Chinese diplomats are head of 15 speacialised agencies of UN.
  • China is world’s largest exporter.
  • China commands 16% of global GDP.
  • If you go against China, you may either see territorial agression or economic intimidation.
  • China is positioning itself as the defender of global trading system.
  • P-5 is outdated.
  • If you dont reform UN or UNSC then in future alternative organisations will emerge.
  • France and Germany created “Alliance for Multilateralism” with Canada, Mexico, Chile, Singapore and Ghana.
  • Last month Trump proposed G-10/G-11
  • Britian has proposed D-10: group of 10 democracies
  • Committe to Save the World Order”: grouping of  9 democracies
  • None of this group is threat to UN.
  • P-5 can still tweak rules according to their wishes.
  • Big power have indulged in irresponsible behaviour.
  • China has weaponised rogue states.
  • UN will get weaker if UNSC gets weaker.

NEWS

  • The Union Cabinet has given approval for extending Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana for five more months.
  • The Cabinet also gave its approval to a new pan India Central Sector Scheme- Agriculture Infrastructure Fund.
    • The scheme will provide a medium and long term debt financing facility for investment in viable projects for post-harvest management Infrastructure and community farming assets through interest subvention and financial support.
    • The Government has extended the time limit for availing three free gas cylinders by beneficiaries of Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana.
  • The Cabinet has also approved development of Affordable Rental Housing Complexes for urban migrants and poor as a sub-scheme under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana.
  • The Cabinet has also approved capital infusion in three Public Sector General Insurance Companies.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will deliver the inaugural address on the first day of India Global Week 2020 today.
    • The theme of the three-day virtual conference is ‘Be The Revival : India and a Better New World.
    • India Global Week 2020 will have 5000 global participants from 30 nations.
    • 250 global speakers will address the virtual conference in 75 sessions.
    • The Gujarat Government has constituted a five-member commission to decide rightful beneficiaries of Rabari, Bharwad and Charan castes residing in the Ness areas of Gir, Barda, and Aalech forests.
  • At 25,724, country sees highest Covid cases in single day

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