tishreen

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Tishreen Revolution

  • The Tishreen Revolution/protests have been ongoing for past 5 months in
  • Tishreen = Month of October
  • Protests started on 1 October 2019, a date which was set by civil activists on social media.
  • The protests started in the capital, Baghdad, but quickly spread to other provinces.

Reason for Protest

  1. Against 16 years of corruption.
  2. Unemployment
  3. Inefficient public services – water , electricity etc
  4. To stop Iranian intervention in Iraq.
  • The protestors soon started calling for the end of the political system which has existed since the US-led invasion ousted Saddam Hussein and has been marked by  sectarian divides.
  • They specifically point to the way government appointments are made on the basis of sectarian or ethnic quotas rather than on merit. (a system known as muhassasa)

The Demography of  Iraq

  • Population of Iraq – 3.88
  1. Muslim 95-98%
  2. Shia 64-69%
  3. Sunni 29-34%

Violence

  • 600 deaths so far
  • Violence has been continuously used as tool to repress  peaceful protestors.
  • Iraqi security forces and Iranian backed militias are attacking  Iraqi citizens in order to intimidate them and dilute their  influence on politics to protect the interests of other actors.
  • Iran-backed militia snipers were on Baghdad rooftops.
  • In a number of places, protesters have set fire to the  headquarters of political parties, damaged government  buildings and engaged in revenge killings.
  • Activists and protestors have been intimidated and  assassinated, and there continues to be allegations that the  security forces are violating the human rights of arrested  protestors by conducting mass arrests and torturing  individuals.
  • The protests have been stoked further by the lethal response from Iraqi forces and Iranian-backed militias.

  • In response to the deepening political crisis, Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi resigned on 29 November 2019

USA vs Iran (in Iraq)

  • Following the 3 January assassination by the United States of Iranian major general Qasem Soleimani, protests continued  with a deliberate shift to protesting against both the Iranian and US roles in Iraq

A new Hope(P.M.) ?

  • On February 01, 2020, one of the former communications  ministers of Iraq, Mohammed Allawi was appointed the  Prime Minister.
  • Instantly rejected by protesters .
  • Protests still ongoing as of 13 February 2020.

 

 

 

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