- Marine fuels also called bunker fuels, are generally divided into two different classes:-
- Heavy fuel oil (HFO) and Distillates
- The various marine fuels are produced from crude oil by means of fractional distillation in refineries.
IMPACT OF SULPHUR OXIDES
- Sulphur oxides (SOx) are known to be harmful to human health, that causes respiratory symptoms and lung disease.
- In the atmosphere, SOx can lead to acid rain, which can harm crops, forests and aquatic species, and contributes to the acidification of the oceans.
- Bunker suppliers say that
- East coast require about 30,000 tons of low sulphur fuel oil a month to meet the requirement of coastal ships plying on local routes.
- The situation on the West coast is relatively better due to the availability of the fuel in Kandla and Cochin for most coastal ships.
- There is virtually no supply of low sulphur fuel oil on the east coast.
- Thus all the coastal ships including the feeder container vessels plying between Indian ports on the east coast will come to a standstill from this week as soon as they exhaust whatever little stock they had
REASON FOR THE CRISES
- Oil refiners have been blamed for starting production of low sulphur fuel oil late.
- The looming crisis was discussed at a meeting called by the Government with- Ship owners,
- PSU oil refiners and The Director General of shipping On January 9.
- Government advised ship operators to use diesel oil till the situation improved.
- But, ship owners say that this was not a workable and sustainable option.
- Already normal fuel oil, Costs ₹30,000 a ton,
- Low sulphur fuel oil priced at ₹55,000 a ton.
- Whereas Diesel Oil will cost ₹87,000 a ton.