pib-29th-april

Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | 29th April 19 | Download PDF

Ministry of Earth

  • Science Cyclonic Strom FANI to intensify into a Severe Cyclonic Storm during next 06 hours Posted On: 29 APR 2019 12:05PM by PIB Delhi
  • The Cyclonic Storm ‘FANI’ (pronounced as ‘FONI’) over southeast Bay of Bengal & neighbourhood moved northwards with a speed of about 04 kmph in last six hours and lay centred at 0830 hrs IST of 29th April, 2019 near latitude 8.7°N and longitude 86.9°E over southeast Bay of Bengal & neighbourhood, about 620 km east of Trincomalee (Sri Lanka), 870 km east-southeast of Chennai (Tamil Nadu) and 1040 km south-southeast of Machilipatnam (Andhra Pradesh). It is very likely to intensify into a Severe Cyclonic Storm during next 06 hours and into a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm during subsequent 24 hours. It is very likely to move northwestwards till 01st May evening and thereafter recurve north-northeastwards gradually.

Ministry of Home Affairs

  • NCMC Meeting chaired by Cabinet Secretary took stock of the preparatory measures arising out of the Cyclonic Storm ‘Fani’
  • The National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) met here today under the chairmanship of Cabinet Secretary and took stock of the situation arising out of the Cyclonic Storm ‘Fani’. Chief Secretaries/Principal Secretaries of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal attended through Video Conference. Senior Officers from the Central Ministries/Agencies concerned also attended the meeting.
  • During the meeting, officers of all the concerned State Governments confirmed their full preparedness to deal with any emerging situation arising out of the cyclonic storm. Further, the State Governments have adequately warned fishermen not to venture into the sea and highlighted that there is a seasonal ban on fishing in sea upto 14th June due to breeding season. State Governments were advised to effectively enforce this ban.
  • Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) assured the State Governments to release in advance the first Instalment of SDRF, as per their request.
  • According to India Meteorological Department (IMD)’s forecast, the Cyclonic Storm ‘Fani’ is at present located at 880 Kms. South East of Chennai. It is expected to intensify into a very severe cyclonic storm by 30th April 2019. The storm will continue to move northwest till 01st May 2019 and thereafter recurve northeastwards gradually. The Government is keeping a close watch on the impact on States on the Eastern Coast.
  • NDRF and Indian Coast Guard have been put on high alert and are coordinating with State Government Authorities. They have prepositioned themselves adequately. Regular warnings have been issued since 25thApril 2019 to fishermen not to venture into the sea and asking those at sea to return to coast. IMD has been issuing three hourly bulletins with latest forecast to all the concerned States. MHA is also in continuous touch with the State Governments and the Central Agencies concerned.
  • The NCMC Meeting followed directions from the Prime Minister who is closely monitoring the situation. NCMC will meet again tomorrow to take stock of the situation.

MCQ 1

  • National Common Mobility Card (NCMC), also known as One Nation One Card, is an inter-operable transport card conceived by the

A. Ministry of home affairs

B. Ministry of transport & Highways

C. Ministry of urban affairs

D. NITI Aayog

  • The NCMC is an indigenously made product, and is a part of the Make In India project. It was first conceptualised in 2006 as part of the National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP). A previous attempt to develop a similar national mobility card led to the development of the More Card. Given its lack of seamless functioning across the nation, Venkaiah Naidu, the then Minister of Urban Development, set up a committee to recommend a card which is inter-operable across different transport systems in the country.
  • The urban development ministry brought in the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) with the task of management, clearing and settlement of payments, simulating cards and terminals and maintenance of network.[4]Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) has created the reader prototype
  • National Common Mobility Card (NCMC), also known as One Nation One Card, is an interoperable transport card conceived by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs of the Government of India. It was launched on the 4th of March 2019.
  • The transport card enables the user to pay for travel, toll duties, retail shopping, and withdraw money. It is enabled through the RuPay card mechanism.
  • The NCMC card is issuable as a prepaid, debit, or credit RuPay card from partnered banks such as the State Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, and others

MCQ 2

  • Technical textiles are having application in
  1. Reinforcement of embankments
  2. Bulletproof vests
  3. Crop protection
  • Choose correct

(A) 1 & 2

(B) 2 only

(C) 1 & 3

(D) All

  • A technical textile is a textile product manufactured for non-aesthetic purposes, where function is the primary criterion. Technical textiles include textiles for automotive applications, medical textiles (e.g., implants), geotextiles (reinforcement of embankments), agrotextiles (textiles for crop protection), and protective clothing (e.g., heat and radiation protection for fire fighter clothing, molten metal protection for welders, stab protection and bulletproof vests, and spacesuits).
  • The sector is large, growing, and supports a vast array of other industries. The global growth rate of technical textiles is about 4% per year, which is greater than the growth rate of home and apparel textiles, which are growing at a rate of 1% per year. Currently, technical textile materials are most widely used in filter clothing, furniture, hygiene medicals and construction material
  • Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation
  • Seminar on ‘Use of Technical Textiles in Water Resources Works’ held Practice manual on Use of Technical Textile in Water Resources Works’ Released Posted On: 29 APR 2019 4:41PM by PIB Delhi One day Technical Seminar was organized by Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation on “Use of Technical Textiles in Water Resources Works” in New Delhi today.

MCQ 3

  • ‘Sampriti 2019’ is the joint military exercise between India and
  1. Myanmar
  2. Sri Lanka
  3. Bangladesh
  4. None
  • Exercise Sampriti 2019 will be held from 2nd March to 15th Marchat Tangail in Bangladesh.
  • It will be the eighth edition of the exercise which is hosted alternately by both countries.
  • Joint Exercise ‘Sampriti 2019’ was first held in Assam in 2011.

MCQ 4

  • Choose the correct provisions of national mineral policy 2019
  1. Introduction of Right of First Refusal for RP/PL holders
  2. Private sector will not be allowed except in small mines

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

  • Objective:-
  • The aim of National Mineral Policy 2019 is to have a more effective, meaningful and implementable policy that brings in further transparency, better regulation and enforcement, balanced social and economic growth as well as sustainable mining practices.
  • Details:
  • The National Mineral Policy 2019 includes provisions which will give boost to mining sector such as
  • introduction of Right of First Refusal for RP/PL holders,
  • encouraging the private sector to take up exploration,
  • auctioning in virgin areas for composite RP cum PL cum ML on revenue share basis,
  • encouragement of merger and acquisition of mining entities and
  • transfer of mining leases and creation of dedicated mineral corridors to boost private sector mining areas.
  • The 2019 Policy proposes to grant status of industry to mining activity to boost financing of mining for private sector and for acquisitions of mineral assets in other countries by private sector
  • It also mentions that Long term import export policy for mineral will help private sector in better planning and stability in business
  • The Policy also mentions rationalize reserved areas given to PSUs which have not been used and to put these areas to auction, which will give more opportunity to private sector for participation
  • The Policy also mentions to make efforts to harmonize taxes, levies & royalty with world benchmarks to help private sector
  • Among the changes introduced in the National Mineral Policy, 2019 include the focus on make in India initiative and Gender sensitivity in terms of the vision. In so far as the regulation in Minerals is concerned, E-Governance, IT enabled systems, awareness and Information campaigns have been incorporated. Regarding the role of state in mineral development online public portal with provision for generating triggers at higher level in the event of delay of clearances has been put in place.
  • NMP 2019 aims to attract private investment through incentives while the efforts would be made to maintain a database of mineral resources and tenements under mining tenement systems. The new policy focusses on use coastal waterways and inland shipping for evacuation and transportation of minerals and encourages dedicated mineral corridors to facilitate the transportation of minerals. The utilization of the district mineral fund for equitable development of project affected persons and areas. NMP 2019 proposes a long term export import policy for the mineral sector to provide stability and as an incentive for investing in large scale commercial mining activity.
  • The 2019 Policy also introduces the concept of Inter-Generational Equity that deals with the wellbeing not only of the present generation but also of the generations to come and also proposes to constitute an inter-ministerial body to institutionalize the mechanism for ensuring sustainable development in mining. • Background:
  • National Mineral Policy 2019 replaces the extant National Mineral Policy 2008 (“NMP 2008”) which was announced in year 2008. The impetus to review NMP 2008 came about by way of a direction from the Supreme Court vide its judgment dated 02.08.2017 in Writ Petition (Civil) No. 114/2014 entitled Common Cause v/s Union of India & Others.

MCQ 5

  • Fund allocated in national software policy 2019 fr 7 years is
  1. 10000 cr
  2. 5000 cr
  3. 1000 cr
  4. 1500 cr
  • Cabinet approves National Policy on Software Products – 2019
  • The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the National Policy on Software Products – 2019 to develop India as a Software Product Nation.
  • Major impact
  • The Software product ecosystem is characterized by innovations, Intellectual Property (IP) creation and large value addition increase in productivity, which has the potential to significantly boost revenues and exports in the sector, create substantive employment and entrepreneurial opportunities in emerging technologies and leverage opportunities available under the Digital India Programme, thus, leading to a boost in inclusive and sustainable growth.
  • Expenditure involved
  • Initially, an outlay of Rs.1500 Crore is involved to implement the programmes/ schemes envisaged under this policy over the period of 7 years. Rs1500 Crore is divided into Software Product Development Fund (SPDF) and Research & Innovation fund.
  • Implementation strategy and targets
  • The Policy will lead to the formulation of several schemes, initiatives, projects and measures for the development of Software products sector in the country as per the roadmap envisaged therein.
  • To achive the vision of NPSP-2019, the Policy has the following five Missions:
  • To promote the creation of a sustainable Indian software product industry, driven by intellectual property (IP), leading to a ten-fold increase in India share of the Global Software product market by 2025. • To nurture 10,000 technology startups in software product industry, including 1000 such technology startups in Tier-II and Tier-III towns & cities and generating direct and in-direct employment for 3.5 million people by 2025.
  • To create a talent pool for software product industry through (i) up-skilling of 1,000,000 IT professionals, (ii) motivating 100,000 school and college students and (iii) generating 10,000 specialized professionals that can provide leadership.
  • IV. To build a cluster-based innovation driven ecosystem by developing 20 sectoral and strategically located software product development clusters having integrated ICT infrastructure, marketing, incubation, R&D/testbeds and mentoring support.
  • In order to evolve and monitor scheme & programmes for the implementation of this policy, National Software Products Mission will be set up with participation from Government, Academia and Industry.
  • Further, the policy proposes to create a Rs.5,000 crore fund with industry participation to promote emerging technology such as the Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, Big Data, and robotics. Of this, government contribution will be Rs.1,000 crore.
  • National Policy on Software Products 2019 that aims to help the industry grow at CAGR of 40% to reach $70-80 billion by 2025 while creating employment opportunities for 3.5 million people.

MCQ 6

  1. The Ministry of S & T launched the STARS scheme on National Science Day that is 28th February
  2. Indian Institute of Science (IISC) will be the coordinator of the scheme.
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

  • The Union Human Resource Minister Prakash Javadekar launched the STARS scheme on National Science Day that is 28th February.
  • STARS is abbreviated as Scheme for Translational and Advanced Research in Science. The Ministry has allocated Rs.250 crores for the implementation of the scheme.
  • Under the scheme 500 science projects will be funded whose selection will be made based on competition. Indian Institute of Science (IISC) will be the coordinator of the scheme.
  • National Science Day:
  •  The National Science Day is celebrated on 28th February every year in the memory of Indian physicist and a Nobel laureate Sir CV. Raman
  •  It is celebrated to commemorate the discovery of Raman Effect for which he was awarded Nobel Prize in the year 1930
  •  The theme of the 2019 National Science Day is Science for people and people for science

 

 

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