mountain-railway

Mountain Railways Of India – UNESCO World Heritage Site Of India – Free PDF

 

CULTURAL SITES

  • Agra Fort (1983)
  • Ajanta Caves (1983)
  • Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar (2016)
  • Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi(1989)
  • Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park (2004)
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (2004)
  • Churches and Convents of Goa(1986)
  • Elephanta Caves (1987)
  • Ellora Caves (1983)
  • Fatehpur Sikri (1986)
  • Great Living Chola Temples (1987,2004)
  • Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986)
  • Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984)
  • Group of Monuments at Pattadakal (1987)
  • Hill Forts of Rajasthan (2013)
  • Historic City of Ahmadabad (2017)

CULTURAL SITES

  • Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi (1993)
  • Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986)
  • Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya (2002)
  • Mountain Railways of India (1999,2005,2008)
  • Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi (1993)
  • Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat (2014)
  • Red Fort Complex (2007)
  • Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003)
  • Sun Temple, Konârak (1984)
  • Taj Mahal (1983)
  • The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement (2016)
  • The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (2010)
  • Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai (2018)

NATURAL

  • Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area (2014)
  • Kaziranga National Park (1985)
  • Keoladeo National Park (1985)
  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (1985)
  • Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Park(1988,2005)
  • Sundarbans National Park (1987)
  • Western Ghats(2012)

Mixed

  • Khangchendzonga National Park (2016)

RAILWAY

  • Three of them, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and the Kalka–Shimla Railway, are collectively designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the name “Mountain Railways of India”.
  • The fourth railway, the Matheran Hill Railway, is on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. All four are narrow-gauge railways and the Nilgiri Mountain Railway is also the only rack railway in India.

DARJEELING HIMALAYAN RAILWAY

  • The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, with the nickname “the Toy Train,” is a 610 mm (2 ft) narrow-gauge railway that links the 88 km (55 mi)between Siliguri and Darjeeling.
  • The town of Siliguri, the start of the railway route, was connected with Calcutta (now Kolkata) via railway in 1878.

HISTORY


NILGIRI RAILWAY

  • The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a 46 km (29 mi) metre gauge single-line railway. It is 46 km (29 mi) long and connects the town of Mettupalayam with the hill station of Udagamandalam (Ootacamund).
  • The route is located within the state of Tamil Nadu and travels through the Nilgiri Hills, which are popularly known as the Blue Mountains of Southern India.
  • The first stretch of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway from Mettupalayam to Coonoor was opened to traffic in June 1899 and was extended up to Ooty in 1908.
  • Route covered: Mettupalayam, Kellar, Coonoor, Wellington, Lovedale, Ootacamund

RAILINGS

RAILINGS

KALKA SHIMLA RAILWAY

  • The Kalka–Shimla Railway runs between Kalka and Shimla. The railway is 95.66 km  long, and its gauge is narrow 2 ft 6 in (762 mm).Shimla is the modern capital of Himachal Pradesh.
  • The railway line was constructed by the Delhi–Ambala–Kalka Railway Company, beginning in 1898 in the Siwalik Hills, and was completed in 1903.
  • Route covered: Shimla, Summer Hill, Shoghi, Salogra, Solan Brewery, Barog, Kumarhatti Dagshai, Dharmpur, Kalka Junction.

PLASTER COPY OF SUNGA RAILINGS


SHIMLA

MATHERAN HILL RAILWAY

  • The Matheran Hill Railway and goes for 21 km (13 mi) between Neral and Matheran, in the Western Ghats. The Matheran Light Railway, which connects Neral to Matheran , was opened to traffic in March 1907.
  • Route covered: Neral, Jummapatti, Water Pipe, Aman Lodge, Matheran

MATHERAN RAILWAY

 

 

 

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