The Hindu Editorial News Analysis 18th Dec 2017

Divorce as crime

  • Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2017
  • Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005
  • Talaq-e-biddat, or instant divorce Providing relief to women,
    instead of creating a new offence out of a civil matter.

A measured leap

  • The amazing story of the discovery of a planetary system
  • Scientists have announced the discovery of two new exoplanets, Kepler-90i and Kepler-80g.
  • Exoplanets, or planets outside our solar system, are routinely being discovered, with the
    number of those that have already been found now standing at 3,567.
  • This announcement by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of the U.S.
  • Significant First, with the discovery of the planet Kepler 90i, orbiting the star Kepler 90, we
    now know of another star besides the Sun that has eight planets orbiting it.
  • Second, Christopher Shallue, a software engineer at Google, and Andrew Vanderburg, of the
    University of Texas, Austin, have discovered it using a deep learning neural network
    — an artificial intelligence tool that mimics the workings of a human brain.
  • They “trained” their computer to analyse light readings made by NASA’s mission from
    Kepler Space Telescope, which are archived and made available for anyone to use.
  • During its 2009 to 2013, Kepler Space Telescope…surveyed nearly 200,000 stars, with 35,000
    possible planet signals.

Exoplanets-Kepler-90i and Kepler-80g

  • Exoplanets- A planet which orbits a star outside the solar system
  • Asteroid belt Solar System located between the orbits of the planets Mars and Jupiter.
  • Deep learning and neural networks have been use
    in other applications successfully, as in the Alpha Go AI player of the Go game.
  • This is not also the first time that automation has been used in identifying exoplanets
  • Good science not only solves problems but also can take a hard look at itself, at where and
    how it can improve.

Skills within schools

  • It is vital to incorporate Skill India into the education system
  • India has among the youngest populations in the world,
  • Which means it can make a resourceful pool of manpower.
  • Right form of education, skills and employment.
  • A step in this direction is the Skill Development Mission
  • The skilling programme has been built such that it provides short-term training to youth
    who have already dropped out from school.
  • The idea is to provide them with a job by offering short-term technical/non-technical
    courses rather than actively enable them to seek out a career
  • Skill programme fails to understand how integral it is to incorporate such a huge initiative
    within the education system.
  • System that integrates skills and education can go a long way in ensuring that the youth are
    better equipped to handle a challenging employment market.
  • Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) is a centrally sponsored scheme of
    ‘vocationalisation’ of secondary and higher secondary education.
  • Focusses on enhancing the employability of youth through vocational courses, while
    reducing drop-out rates.
  • Yet, its biggest drawback is that its modules are not suit the requirements of children in
    different age groups.
  • The same approach for skill training a 12- or 14-year-old cannot be followed for training
    an 18-year-old because skills need to be looked at more dynamically.
  • Skills at school should be imparted as a hobby and not as a serious trade, to make learning fun
  • Operational challenges within the schools are barriers to coalesce the education and skill
    model.
  • Also, there is lack of proper infrastructure and unavailability of quality trainers.
  • Government must learn from gaps while implementing its skill development programmes
    for 18-plus youth and then develop its strategy for integrating skills within schools.

Prelims Focus Facts-News Analysis

  • Page-1– U.S. failed to walk the talk on Pak.: Karzai
  • Former Afghan President wants India to question Donald Trump’s policy
  • India should rethink its support to U.S. President Donald Trump’s Afghanistan
    policy, said former Afghan President Hamid Karzai, during a visit to Delhi to
    meet PM Narendra Modi.
  • Page-2- Reach consensus, pass Women’s Bill: V-P to parties
  • ‘Focus must be on Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’
  •  Vice-President M. Venkaiah Naidu on Sunday said all
    parties should reach a consensus to clear the longpending Women’s Reservation Bill.
  • The Bill seeks to provide 33 per cent reservation to women in Parliament and State legislatures.
  • As of 2015, it is the third most common operational military aircraft in the world
  • Page-12- UN to vote on draft nullifying Jerusalem move
  • The UN Security Council is considering a draft resolution
    arming that any change to the status of Jerusalem has no legal
    effect and must be reversed, in response to the U.S. decision to
    recognis.
  • Page-13- Pare stake in PSBs to 33%: CII to govt.
  • The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) urged the
    Centre to dilute its majority stake in public sector banks
    (PSBs), from the current threshold of 52% ownership
    to 33% over the next three years, to complement its
    2.11 lakh-crore recapitalisation plan for these banks.
    NPAs (non-performing assets).
  • Counting in Gujarat, Himachal today
  • Judima Festival in Assam on Dec. 28-29
  • Two-day cultural extravaganza is being organised in Assam’s Dima Hasao hill district.
  • Kolkata plans to deploy drones to •fight dengue
  • To identify mosquito breeding grounds
  • About 40 people have died due to dengue in West Bengal till November.
  • Brexit won’t be derailed, says May
  • Ministry may face fund crunch for UDAN

Italy bakes world’s biggest Christmas cake panettone