Divorce as crime
- Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2017
- Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005
- Talaq-e-biddat, or instant divorce Providing relief to women,
instead of creating a new offence out of a civil matter.
A measured leap
- The amazing story of the discovery of a planetary system
- Scientists have announced the discovery of two new exoplanets, Kepler-90i and Kepler-80g.
- Exoplanets, or planets outside our solar system, are routinely being discovered, with the
number of those that have already been found now standing at 3,567.
- This announcement by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of the U.S.
- Significant First, with the discovery of the planet Kepler 90i, orbiting the star Kepler 90, we
now know of another star besides the Sun that has eight planets orbiting it.
- Second, Christopher Shallue, a software engineer at Google, and Andrew Vanderburg, of the
University of Texas, Austin, have discovered it using a deep learning neural network
— an artificial intelligence tool that mimics the workings of a human brain.
- They “trained” their computer to analyse light readings made by NASA’s mission from
Kepler Space Telescope, which are archived and made available for anyone to use.
- During its 2009 to 2013, Kepler Space Telescope…surveyed nearly 200,000 stars, with 35,000
possible planet signals.
Exoplanets-Kepler-90i and Kepler-80g
- Exoplanets- A planet which orbits a star outside the solar system
- Asteroid belt Solar System located between the orbits of the planets Mars and Jupiter.
- Deep learning and neural networks have been use
in other applications successfully, as in the Alpha Go AI player of the Go game.
- This is not also the first time that automation has been used in identifying exoplanets
- Good science not only solves problems but also can take a hard look at itself, at where and
how it can improve.
Skills within schools
- It is vital to incorporate Skill India into the education system
- India has among the youngest populations in the world,
- Which means it can make a resourceful pool of manpower.
- Right form of education, skills and employment.
- A step in this direction is the Skill Development Mission
- The skilling programme has been built such that it provides short-term training to youth
who have already dropped out from school.
- The idea is to provide them with a job by offering short-term technical/non-technical
courses rather than actively enable them to seek out a career
- Skill programme fails to understand how integral it is to incorporate such a huge initiative
within the education system.
- System that integrates skills and education can go a long way in ensuring that the youth are
better equipped to handle a challenging employment market.
- Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) is a centrally sponsored scheme of
‘vocationalisation’ of secondary and higher secondary education.
- Focusses on enhancing the employability of youth through vocational courses, while
reducing drop-out rates.
- Yet, its biggest drawback is that its modules are not suit the requirements of children in
different age groups.
- The same approach for skill training a 12- or 14-year-old cannot be followed for training
an 18-year-old because skills need to be looked at more dynamically.
- Skills at school should be imparted as a hobby and not as a serious trade, to make learning fun
- Operational challenges within the schools are barriers to coalesce the education and skill
- Also, there is lack of proper infrastructure and unavailability of quality trainers.
- Government must learn from gaps while implementing its skill development programmes
for 18-plus youth and then develop its strategy for integrating skills within schools.
Prelims Focus Facts-News Analysis
- Page-1– U.S. failed to walk the talk on Pak.: Karzai
- Former Afghan President wants India to question Donald Trump’s policy
- India should rethink its support to U.S. President Donald Trump’s Afghanistan
policy, said former Afghan President Hamid Karzai, during a visit to Delhi to
meet PM Narendra Modi.
- Page-2- Reach consensus, pass Women’s Bill: V-P to parties
- ‘Focus must be on Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’
- Vice-President M. Venkaiah Naidu on Sunday said all
parties should reach a consensus to clear the longpending Women’s Reservation Bill.
- The Bill seeks to provide 33 per cent reservation to women in Parliament and State legislatures.
- As of 2015, it is the third most common operational military aircraft in the world
- Page-12- UN to vote on draft nullifying Jerusalem move
- The UN Security Council is considering a draft resolution
arming that any change to the status of Jerusalem has no legal
effect and must be reversed, in response to the U.S. decision to
- Page-13- Pare stake in PSBs to 33%: CII to govt.
- The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) urged the
Centre to dilute its majority stake in public sector banks
(PSBs), from the current threshold of 52% ownership
to 33% over the next three years, to complement its
2.11 lakh-crore recapitalisation plan for these banks.
NPAs (non-performing assets).
- Counting in Gujarat, Himachal today
- Judima Festival in Assam on Dec. 28-29
- Two-day cultural extravaganza is being organised in Assam’s Dima Hasao hill district.
- Kolkata plans to deploy drones to •fight dengue
- To identify mosquito breeding grounds
- About 40 people have died due to dengue in West Bengal till November.
- Brexit won’t be derailed, says May
- Ministry may face fund crunch for UDAN
Italy bakes world’s biggest Christmas cake panettone