25

The Hindu Editorial Analysis | 25th July ’20 | PDF Download

Sisters In Arms

  • 5 months ago, Apex Court delivered a verdict that the army’s short service commission women are entitled to permanent commission, no matter how long they have served.
  • Centre has agreed to the order.
  • This case only covers women in ten streams like army air defence, signals, engineers, service and intelligence corps – but is still a win for equal work opportunities.
  • This is one heartening step in the journey to gender parity in the military.
  • Women make up only 3.89% of the Indian army, 6.7% in the navy and 13.2% in the air force.
  • Women in direct combat roles.
  • Exacting standards
  • The physical and mental standards for the role must be uniform and gender-neutral, and women and men free to compete for them.
  • Young men today are more used to seeing women as peers, and occupying leading public roles

Arms and the women | TH

  • Ministry of Defence issued a formal letter granting permanent commission to women officers in the Indian Army.
  • It was an uphill battle to break a gender stereotype and provide equal opportunities for women in the Army.
  • SC to Govt.: grant permanent commission to women in the SSC and giving them command postings in all services other than combat.
  • The Supreme Court noted that women officers of the Indian Army had brought laurels to the force.
  • Enough women have fought heroic battles, from Rani of Jhansi in the past to Squadron Leader Minty Agarwal of the Indian Air Force, who last year “was part of the team that guided Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman during the Balakot airstrike carried out by the IAF”.
  • To usher in a change in a regressive mindset, which mirrors society, a lot more must be done on gender sensitisation.
  • In countries such as the United States and Israel, women are allowed in active combat.
  • A gender barrier may have fallen, but the war against inequity is far from over.
  • For decades, female officers had witnessed their male colleagues rose to higher ranks.
  • For decades their hard work and dedication to the cause of national defence were not reciprocated in any meaningful manner.
  • This would finally mean that female officers who have completed their SCC would no longer be forced to retire but can now apply for PC just the same as their male counterparts.
  • This decision also means that they can now rise up and be eligible for the same command positions as well.
  • There have been substantial officer-level vacancies in the Indian Army which can shore up such disparities.
  • For now, it would seem that the fight that had begun in 1992 when women were first allowed to enter the forces, is finally reaching a major checkpoint.
  • India can now finally join a limited group of countries that allow women to hold command positions in the military.
  • How easy or difficult the implementation of this much-needed change will be in the long term, remains to be seen

‘Equality’ at last? | Millenium Post

  • The phrase ‘Crime and punishment‘ instantly triggers our thoughts on police and judiciary.
  • Although theoretically, these agencies should uphold the rule of law, in reality, several factors cloud their impartiality, primary among them being the interference of political executives.
  • Sunita Yadav, a female constable of Surat.
  • A lady officer, Thuna Ozam Brinda, is being pressured by the Manipur CM and his powerful colleagues to withdraw the charge-sheet, against a drug mafia headed by a political leader, filed by her after she had seized drugs worth Rs 28 crores and cash of Rs 58 lakhs from the gang; she has filed these facts in her affidavit in the High Court.
  • The clout of Vikas was such that even his name was not figuring in the list of 25 most-wanted criminals released by the UP government a few days before he ambushed policemen.
  • Bailed out after killing a minister at a PS in 2001, and emboldened with the routes available to escape punishment, he began growing in stature, monetarily, politically, and criminally.
  • As his political career spanned across being a member of Zilla Parishad on the ticket of BSP, and later joining SP, and of late, working for the BJP, and with bail easily available at his door-steps, the list of serious crimes against him expanded to over 65, culminating in the audacious killing of 8 policemen.
  • Several complaints of fake encounters in UP are pending with the NHRC.
  • The judicial process is prohibitively expensive and inhibitive dragging.
  • Over 3 crore cases are pending in district and subordinate courts; over 9 lakh in high courts; and about 60,000 in the SC.
  • Despite the emotional breakdown of CJI Thakur in public, while pleading for resources to bring about improvement, precious little has been done.
  • Jagan Reddy with over 20 serious cases against him, and Yedyurappa facing corruption charges are CMs.
  • Under such circumstances, will the politicians ever reform the police as recommended by commissions and ordered by SC, and facilitate the judiciary for delivering speedy and indiscriminative justice?
  • Unlikely, unless and until people demand it in a single voice.
  • It has to happen since every encounter and every mob-lynching is anathema to a civilised society.

NEWS

  • Center asks nine high Covid caseload states to ramp up testing with special focus on containment zones.
  • These states are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Telangana, Odisha, West Bengal, Assam, Karnataka, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh.
  • These nine States are driving the present spurt of the active caseload in the country.
  • The Cabinet Secretary chaired a high level virtual review meeting with Chief Secretaries and Health Secretaries of these states as part of Centre-State coordinated strategy for effective containment and management of the pandemic.
  • Areas of concern with respect to low testing in certain states was highlighted.
  • States were advised to have a clear focus on health infrastructure availability including requisite number of beds, oxygen and ventilators across the State with implementation of clinical protocols ensuring the prescribed Quality of Care and seamless patient management.
  • Shanghai Cooperation Organization’s Health Minister’s digital meet
  • The Health Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan has said, India has one of the lowest cases and deaths per million population due to COVID- 19.
  • He said,  recovery rate in India now stands at 63.45 per cent and the mortality is at 2.3 per cent.
  • He said, the country can now export quality PPEs.
  • He said, similar scaling up was also done for achieving other indigenous capacity and reducing the demand and supply gap for ventilators and medical oxygen.
  • Dr Harsh Vardhan emphasized on the Indian traditional system of medicine that has contributed substantially in boosting the immunity of the population during the pandemic.
  • He proposed the setting up of a new sub group on traditional medicine under the existing institutional meetings of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation’s Health Ministers.
  • India has achieved a remarkable feat by conducting a record number of 4 lakh 20 thousand COVID-19 tests in a single day yesterday.
  • In a tweet, Health and Family Welfare Ministry said, India has ramped up its testing facilities within a span of few months.
  • As of now, more than 1300 laboratories are conducting the test of corona virus samples in the country.
  • A 30-year-old man has become the first person to be administered the first dose of India’s indigenous Covid vaccine, Bharat Biotech’s Covaxin
  • In Jammu and Kashmir, the caseloads in the tertiary healthcare institutions in Srinagar have increased due to spike of cases during the last three weeks.
  • Himachal Pradesh government has decided to impose a complete lockdown in four COVID hotspots in the state till the 28th of this month.
  • A total of one thousand 25 new confirmed cases of Corona virus have been reported in Delhi during the past 24 hours taking the total number of cases to one lakh 28 thousand 389.
  • Cold and Cough are one of the symptoms of COVID-19 and with the change in season many persons who catch a cold fear that they could be infected by Corona Virus.
  • A professor of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) has launched a dedicated website called SARDIJUKAM.Com which will help people in coping with this fear and other Covid related issues.
  • In Uttarakhand, the weekend lockdown has been imposed in the four cities to curb the spread of coronavirus.
  • These cities are Dehradun, Haridwar, Udham Singh Nagar and Nainital.
  • The spread of Corona virus infection is becoming a matter of concern for Central Armed Police Forces.
  • In Chhattisgarh, more than 300 jawans of CAPFs are reported to have tested Positive for Corona virus so far.
  • In Gujarat, the recovery rate of Covid 19 has improved to 72.40 percent.
  • The State Health Department has said as many as 872 persons were discharged from various hospitals in the last 24 hours, taking the number of recovered coronavirus patients to 38,830.
  • In Maharashtra, the BMC has decided to do Covid-19 tests of frontline Corona Warriors which includes all the staff of BMC in different sectors like health, sanitation and sewage.
  • Air India has brought back more than 2.5 lakh Indians from 53 countries under the Vande Bharat Mission.
  • The Civil Aviation Ministry has extended its order imposing curbs on airfare till 24th November.
  • The order was issued on 21st May after airlines were allowed to operate after the lockdown.
  • It had prescribed a range for airfare depending on the flight distance.
  • Pune based, Gennova Biopharmaceuticals has developed, first of its kind, messenger-RNA based COVID-19 potential Vaccine candidate, HGCO19.
  • Clinical trials of the vaccine candidate are likely to commence by this year-end.
  • The vaccine candidate has shown encouraging results in generating neutralizing antibody response in non-human primates. HGCO19, uses self-replicating messenger-RNA platform’ ensuring low injectable dosage and sustained antigen release.
  • The government has notified new rules and regulations for              e-commerce companies under the Consumer Protection Act 2019.
  • It made it mandatory to display the ‘country of origin’ on their products stating that any non-compliance will attract penal action.
  • The ‘Consumer Protection (E-Commerce) Rules, 2020’, notified on 23rd July is part of the Consumer Protection Act, 2019.
  • The new norms aim to protect the rights of consumer by establishing authorities for timely and effective administration and settlement of consumers’ disputes.
  • The ‘Consumer Protection (E-Commerce) Rules, 2020’ will be applicable to all electronic retailers registered in India or abroad but offering goods and services to Indian consumers.
  • The new rules empower the central government to act against unfair trade practices in e-commerce and direct selling.

 

 

Download Free PDF – Daily Hindu Editorial Analysis