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Daily Current Affairs MCQ / UPSC 2020 / IAS / 13-01-2020 | Free PDF

MCQ 1 Consider the following statements:

  1. Citizen’s right to own private property is a fundamental right.
  2. Right To Property is a part of basic structure doctrine.

 Which statement is correct?

A. only
B.  Only
C . 1&2 only
D . None of the above

 

  • The 44th Amendment Act of 1978 abolished the right to property as a Fundamental Right
  • Now it is a Constitutional Right Under Article 300A in Part XII .
  • The top court ruled that to forcibly dispossess citizens of their private property, without following the due process of law, would be to violate a human right, as also the constitutional right under Article 300A of the Constitution.
  • A bench of Justices Indu Malhotra and Ajay Rastogi in its verdict said the state being a welfare state governed by the rule of law cannot arrogate to itself a status beyond what is provided by the Constitution.
  • In a democratic polity governed by the rule of law, the state cannot deprive citizens of their property without the sanction of law, the Supreme Court on Wednesday held.
  • The court directed Himachal Pradesh government to pay the compensation to an illiterate widow in eight weeks with all statutory benefits, whose land it had acquired in 1967-68 for construction of a road without following the acquisition proceedings.
  • “The state being a welfare state, cannot be permitted to take the plea of adverse possession, which allows a trespasser i.e. a person guilty of a tort, or even a crime, to gain legal title over such property for over 12 years,”

MCQ 2

Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Belur Math’.

  1. It was established in 1799 by Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.
  2. Beluṛ Maṭh is a monastery founded by Swami Vivekananda.

Select the correct statement/s

A 1 only
B 2 Only
C 1&2 only
D None of the above

  • The Mission, founded by Vivekananda in 1897,is a humanitarian organisation which carries out medical, relief and educational programs.
  • The Math and the Mission are the two key organisations that direct the work of the socio-religious Ramakrishna movement influenced by 19th-century (1800-1900) saint Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and founded by his chief disciple Vivekananda
  • Beluṛ Maṭh is a monastery serving as the headquarters of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission, founded by Swami Vivekananda, the chief disciple of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.
  • It is located on the west bank of Hooghly River, Belur, West Bengal, India and is one of the significant institutions in Kolkata.
  • This temple is the heart of the Ramakrishna Movement.
  • The temple is notable for its architecture that fuses Christian, Islamic, Hindu and Buddhist art motifs as a symbol of unity of all religions.

MCQ 3

Which of the following countries participated in the ‘Hormuz Peace Initiative’?

  1. India
  2. Afghanistan
  3. Pakistan
  4. China

Select Correct Code

A 1,2 and 4
B 2,3
C 2,4
D 1 Only

  • Strait of Hormuz is the world’s most crucial choking points.

  • Around two-thirds of India’s oil imports and half of LNG imports come through the strait.
  • India recently attended the Hormuz Peace Initiative that was held in Tehran.
  • The initiative aimed at stabilizing one of world’s busiest shipping lane
  • The countries that attended the initiative reviewed the “Hormuz Peace Endeavor” (HOPE) that was proposed by Tehran.
  • It was proposed by Iran at the UN
  • Oman, India, China and Afghanistan are among the key participants.

MCQ 4

What Is Vanganari ?

  1. It is a Dance form performed in Kerala
  2. It is a jallikattu-like event using foxes (vanganari) in Rajasthan

 Select the correct answer

1 A only
2 B only
3 A&B Only
4 None of the above

  • The jallikattu-like event using foxes, or vanganari in Tamil, is organised on Kaanum Pongal in Tamil Nadu villages.
  • Foxes are a protected species under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  • villagers believe it will bring bountiful rain and good fortune.
  • The animals are muzzled and their hind legs tied with rope. After special rituals are conducted, the hapless animals are chased through the streets, much like bulls in the more conventional jallikattu. After the event, the animals are released into the forest.

 MCQ 5

What Is Sea guardians?

  1. A Naval Exercise b/w India & China
  2. A Naval App for better Communication
  3. A Trojan Recently Attack On Mobile Phone
  4. A joint naval exercise between China and Pakistan

  • China and Pakistan concluded a nine-day mega naval exercise during which they carried out advance-level joint drills and naval manoeuvres in the North Arabian Sea
  • The sixth ‘Sea Guardians’ exercise took place in the midst of heightened tension between India and Pakistan over the Kashmir issue.
  • Key platforms of both China and Pakistan, including submarines, destroyers and frigates, were part of the exercise
  • China has been expanding its presence in the North Arabian Sea and is developing Pakistan’s deep water Gwadar port in the region.
  • Gwadar is being connected through the over USD 60 billion China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) to China’s Xinjiang province, providing a key land route to China to access the warm waters of Arabian Sea.
  • The Arabian Sea provides entry to the Indian Ocean where China has built a logistics base at Djibouti in the Horn of Africa

MCQ 6

Consider the following statements with respect to ‘H9N2’

  1. It affects the human body
  2. It was isolated for the first time in Wisconsin, USA in 1966

Select the correct options

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None of the above
  • H9N2 is a subtype of the influenza A virus, which causes human influenza as well as bird flu.
  • H9N2 subtype was isolated for the first time in Wisconsin, US in 1966 from turkey flocks.
  • According to a recent report by NCBI researcher T P Peacock, H9N2 viruses could potentially play a major role in the emergence of the next influenza pandemic.
  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), with avian influenza viruses circulating in poultry, there is a risk for sporadic infection and small clusters of human cases due to exposure to infected poultry or contaminated environments
  • Indian scientists have detected the country’s first case of infection with a rare variant of the virus that causes avian influenza, or bird flu.
  • In the December 2019 issue of the Emerging Infectious Diseases journal of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), scientists of the National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune, have reported avian influenza A(H9N2) virus infection in a 17-month-old boy in Maharashtra.

MCQ 7 Consider the following statements about the Battle of Sinhagad.

  1. The Treaty of Purandar was signed between Raja Jai Singh and Shivaji Maharaja after this battle.
  2. In this battle, the leaders of armies were Tanaji Malusare (Marathas) & Udaybhan Rathore(Mughals)

Select correct statements

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None of The above
  • The Treaty of Purandar was signed on June 11, 1665, between the Rajput ruler Jai Singh I, who was commander of the Mughal Empire, and Maratha Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaja.
  • Shivaji was forced to sign the agreement after Jai Singh besieged Purandar fort.

The Battle of Sinhagad

  • The Battle of Sinhagad took place during the night on 4 February 1670 on the fort of Sinhagad near the city of Pune.
  • The battle was fought between Tanaji Malusare, a Koli Commander of Maratha Empire under Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaja and Udaybhan Singh Rathore, a Rajput fort keeper under Jai Singh/Mughals

Outcomes of the battle

  • Even though the attack by Tanaji took the Mughals by surprise, the latter nonetheless outnumbered the Marathas.

The two clashed for long.

  • Malusare was gravely wounded in the fight and died.
  • Enraged by the death of their general, the Marathas fought under the leadership of his brother, SuryajiMalusare, and eventually vanquished the enemy. The fort was renamed as Sinhagad (lion’s fort) by Shivaji to honour Tanaji.

MCQ 8

 “What is education? Is it book learning? No. Is it diverse knowledge? Not even that. The training by which the current and expression of will are brought under control and become fruitful is called education.” is a famous statement given by

  1. Albert Einstein
  2. S C Bose
  3. Mahatma Gandhi
  4. Swami Vivekananda

National Youth Day:

  • January 12 marks the birthday of Swami Vivekananda. National Youth Day is celebrated on this day.
  • Celebrated since 1984.
  • Arise, Awake and Stop not till the goal is reached.

MCQ 9

Which of the following is/ are not the ex – situ conservation method?

  1. A) Storage of seeds in banks
  2. B) Setting up a National Park
  3. C) Breeding of captive animal species in zoo
  4. D) Setting up botanical gardens

1) A & D
 2) Only B
3) B & C
4) Only A

MCQ 10

Consider the following statements :

A)The President enjoys absolute veto over state bills.
B)India has adopted the Canadian System in terms of appointment of Governor

1)Only B is correct
2) Both are correct
3)None is correct
4)Only A is correct

 

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