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Christchurch Shooting one year Online Extremism – Burning Issues – Free PDF Download

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 Christchurch Shooting

  • Two consecutive terrorist shooting attacks occurred at Mosque in Christchurch, New Zealand during Friday Prayer on 15th March 2019

  • The gunman live-streamed the first attack on Facebook
  • The attack killed 51 people and injured 49 people

Christchurch Shooting    

  • The attack is the result of Islamophobia (fear, hatred or prejudice against the Islamic religion or Muslim generally, especially when seen as a source of terrorism)

 Other online terrorism activities

  • The Christchurch shootings inspired other white supremacist attack and online terrorism across the world
  • In El Paso, Texas, a gunman killed 22 people at a shopping centre.
  • The suspected shooter posted an online manifesto declaring support for the Christchurch shooter.
  • Shooters in San Diego and Norway also wrote online manifestos supporting the Christchurch shooter.
  • ISIS is recruiting and mentoring terrorist online.

Online Terrorism

  • Online terrorism is the use of the Internet to conduct violent acts that result in, or threaten, loss of life or significant bodily harm, in order to achieve political or ideological gain through threat or intimidation
  • The Internet has become a strategic device for terrorists: ✓To identify, recruit and train new members ✓To collect and transfer funds ✓To organize terrorist acts ✓To incite violence

How internet is being used in propogating terrorism?

 Propaganda Social media application is used in the promotion of violence, recruitment, incitement and radicalization

Financing Online payment facilities offered through dedicated website make it easy to transfer funds. Sometimes charities may also be diverted for illicit purpose

Training Instructional material are being provided with the help of internet

 Planning Internet also facilitate communication for planning

Execution Internet communications may also be used as a means to coordinate the execution of physical acts of terrorism

Why online terrorism is on the rise?

  • Anonymity: Terrorist groups use advance technology which make it difficult to find the mastermind
  • Social media is the easiest way to get name and fame in the trolling world
  • Internet is the fastest medium to spread extremist idea
  • Terrorist groups use online medium to attack in any part of the world without their physical presence
  • Social Media users are increasing. Terrorist groups get easy prey for their work

 Steps taken by various government

  • New Zealand government took steps such as regulating content on social media in the wake of Christchurch meeting.
  • Indian government has taken steps to prevent online terrorism:
  • National Cyber Security Policy 2013
  • Section 69 of Information Technology Act, 2000 is related to cyber terrorism. • Cyber surakshit Bharat initiative to strengthen cyber security ecosystem in India and to stop radicalisation
  • European Parliament brought new rule, according to which terrorist content online should be removed within one hour

 International initiatives to curb extremism online

  • India joined France, New Zealand Canada and several other countries in launching a major initiative in Paris to combat terrorism and extremism online and to secure the internet. The initiative is known as Christchurch Call to action.
  • Amazon, Facebook, Google, Microsoft and Twitter also signed on to the document
  • Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT) is an industry led initiative, working in close partnership with the UN Counter Terrorism Executive Directorate (UNCTED) to substantially disrupt terrorists’ ability to promote terrorism.

 

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