- RESURGENCE means reviving When British arrived, India’s share of world economy was 24%. When they left, it was below 4%.
- 1991 LPG reforms paved way for high growth: – Growth = increase in GDP – Development = increase in overall wellbeing
Key Questions that it Answers
- Discuss PM Awaas Yojana and it’s importance for India’s growth.
- Discuss India’s journey to achieve universal village electrification.
- What are the steps taken by government for clean energy future?
- How can government double the farmer’s income by 2022?
- Critically analyze the UDAN scheme.
- How can India channelize the power of youth for development?
- Discuss the main provisions of Fugitives Economic Offenders Bill.
Q1. Discuss PM Awaas Yojana and it’s importance for India’s growth.
Importance of PMAY
- Today, there is a shortage of more than 4 Cr houses in rural areas, of which more than 90% households are BPL – SECC 2011 => of 24.39 crore households, 17.91 crore live in villages.
- Of these, 10.69 crore households are considered as deprived.
- Between now and 2030, India will have to build a new Chicago every year if it wants to meet the urban demand
- SDG 11: make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Components of PMAY
- Launched in 2014, it has two components: – PMAY-Grameen under MoRD
- Target: pucca house (~3 Cr) with amenities by 2022 – PMAY-Urban under MoHUA
- Target: create 1.2 Cr affordable houses by 2022
- Aim: pucca house, with basic amenities, to all houseless households and those households living in kutcha house, by 2022
- Beneficiaries: as per SECC 2011 verified by Gram Sabha
- Minimum size = 25 sq.mt. (earlier 20 sq.mt.)
- Unit assistance = – 1.2 L in plains (earlier 70k) – 1.3 L in hilly, difficult and IAP districts (earlier 75k)
- Beneficiary entitled to 90/95 person days of unskilled labor from NREGA
- Convergence with other programs for toilet, water, electricity, LPG, etc.
- Monitoring through e-governance model – AwaasSoft and AwaasApp
- Aim: Housing for EWS & LIG by 2022 – EWS = annual income < 3 Lakh – LIG = annual income b/w 3 to 6 Lakh
- Eligibility: family should not own a pucca house
- Components: 1. In-situ slum redevelopment (1 L / house) 2. *Affordable housing in partnership with pvt. sector (1.5 L / house) 3. Credit linked subsidy scheme 4. Beneficiary-led construction/enhancement (1.5 L)
Other latest developments
- Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act 2016
- Infrastructure Status to Affordable Housing
- Incentivizing private developers for low cost housing
MCQ #1 Land pooling mechanism has been used for development of which of the following places?
- Naya Raipur
Q2. Discuss India’s journey to achieve universal village electrification.
15th Aug 2015
- Target: 18500 un-electrified villages would be electrified within the next 1000 days
- Achieved: 18452 villages electrified!!!
DDU Gram Jyoti Yojana
- Components: – To provide electrification to all villages – Separation of agriculture and non-agriculture feeders – Improve T&D network to improve quality/reliability – Metering to reduce the losses
- How is it better than previous scheme? – Off-grid solutions like solar for remote villages – Min of Power to use innovative financing models like bonds – Flexibility to states for execution of works – Milestone based monitoring
- Village is electrified if: – 10% of the households have power connections – If electricity is provided in public places like schools, panchayats, health centres and community centres
- For electrification of all households, a new scheme called PM Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (SAUBHAGYA) – Even though 100% electrification of villages has been achieved, government data shows that, there are still 31 million households without electricity
MCQ #2 Which railway station has been recently renamed as Deen Dayal Upadhyay Junction railway station?
- Mughal Sarai
Q3. What are the steps taken by government for a clean energy future?
- National Solar Mission
- Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects (> 500 MW each)
- Amendments in by-laws & assistance for Roof top solar
- 10% renewable energy mandatory for Smart Cities
- Enhancement in Solar RPO to 8% by Mar 2022 – RE RPO to be 21% by 2022
- Raising capital through Tax free Solar Bonds
- Skill training via Surya Mitra Program
- Potential: 302 GW at 100-metre hubheight • National Offshore Wind Energy Policy
- Assistance for biomass power projects – Biomass combustion – Biomass gasification – Bagasse co-generation
- Simultaneous generation of electricity and thermal energy
- Promotion of off-grid biogas power project
- Family-size Biogas plants for rural & semiurban
- Formation of International Solar Alliance
- 100% FDI for RE generation & distribution
- Renewable Generation Obligation for coal TPP
MCQ #3 What is the purpose of Green Energy Corridor?
- Setting up Solar panels along water canals
- Transmission of Renewable Energy
- Planting trees along Industrial Corridors
- Production of Renewable Energy
Q4. How can government double the farmer’s income by 2022?
Prices & Marketing
- MSP set at 1.5 times the production cost
- Operation Greens for TOP price control
- E-National Agricultural Market
- Rural haats to Gramin Agri Markets (GRAMs)
- Agri Market Infra Fund of 2000 Crore
- KCC extended to fisheries & animal husbandry
- Promotion of Joint Liability Groups
- Promotion of Farmer Producer Organizations
- Model Agricultural Land Leasing Act 2016 – Tenants are now entitled to obtain loans
- Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana – Cluster based approach
- 50 farmers are organized in cluster of 50 ha
- Each farmer is given Rs. 50k per ha for 3 years
- Focus on tribal, rainfed, hilly and remote areas – Target: 10,000 clusters by end-2018
- Mission for Development of Organic Value Chain in NE
- Organic practices reduces production cost by ~20%
MCQ #4 Which is the first Organic State of India?
- Arunachal Pradesh
- Himachal Pradesh
Q5. Critically analyze the UDAN scheme.
UDAN = Ude Desh ka Aam Nagrik
- Ghost airports in tier 2/3 pre-UDAN = 75/400
- Aim: boost regional connectivity via unused airports
- Provisions: – Government (Centre + State) to provide VGF – Subsidy for 50% of the seats on UDAN routes – Fares capped at 2500 per seat per hour or ~500 km – Exclusive route monopoly for 3 years – Other concessions (cheaper fuel, no airport charges)
- VGF is funded by levy on departures in Metro cities
- Shimla airport doing good
- Flights started from Jharsuguda in Odisha
- Pakyong airport to be inaugurated soon
- Jagdalpur in Chhattisgarh is also ready
- Not all underserved and un-served airports have been revived
- Not all routes for which airlines had placed bids have been started
- No bids came for helicopter services under UDAN in first round
- Some airlines have little experience and are short on funding
- Even the quality of service under UDAN is not quite upto the mark And The BIG Question,
What happens after VGF ends in 3 years?
MCQ #5 Pakyong airport, revived under UDAN scheme, is in which State?
- Arunachal Pradesh
- West Bengal
Q6. How can India channelize the power of youth for development?\
- Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (1972) – Largest youth organizations in the world – Helps develop personality + leadership – Example of activities under Youth Clubs
- Yuva Adarsh Gram Vikas Karyakram
- Tribal Youth Exchange Programme
- Inter State Youth Exchange Programme
- Involvement of Youth in Namami Gange
- National Service Scheme (1969) – Voluntary community service – Motto is “Not Me, But You”
MCQ #6 Ek Bharat Shreshta Bharat was announced on Birth anniversary of which leader?
- Pandit Nehru
B. Mahatma Gandhi
- Sardar Patel
- APJ Abdul Kalam
Q7. Discuss the main provisions of Fugitives Economic Offenders Bill.