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Yojana Magazine Analysis Jul 2018 – Free PDF Download in Hindi/English

Introduction

  • RESURGENCE means reviving When British arrived, India’s share of world economy was 24%. When they left, it was below 4%.
  • 1991 LPG reforms paved way for high growth: – Growth = increase in GDP – Development = increase in overall wellbeing

Key Questions that it Answers

  1. Discuss PM Awaas Yojana and it’s importance for India’s growth.
  2. Discuss India’s journey to achieve universal village electrification.
  3. What are the steps taken by government for clean energy future?
  4. How can government double the farmer’s income by 2022?
  5. Critically analyze the UDAN scheme.
  6. How can India channelize the power of youth for development?
  7. Discuss the main provisions of Fugitives Economic Offenders Bill.

Q1. Discuss PM Awaas Yojana and it’s importance for India’s growth.

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Importance of PMAY

  • Today, there is a shortage of more than 4 Cr houses in rural areas, of which more than 90% households are BPL – SECC 2011 => of 24.39 crore households, 17.91 crore live in villages.
  • Of these, 10.69 crore households are considered as deprived.
  • Between now and 2030, India will have to build a new Chicago every year if it wants to meet the urban demand
  • SDG 11: make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

 Components of PMAY

  • Launched in 2014, it has two components: – PMAY-Grameen under MoRD
  • Target: pucca house (~3 Cr) with amenities by 2022 – PMAY-Urban under MoHUA
  • Target: create 1.2 Cr affordable houses by 2022

PMAY-Grameen

  • Aim: pucca house, with basic amenities, to all houseless households and those households living in kutcha house, by 2022
  • Beneficiaries: as per SECC 2011 verified by Gram Sabha
  • Minimum size = 25 sq.mt. (earlier 20 sq.mt.)
  • Unit assistance = – 1.2 L in plains (earlier 70k) – 1.3 L in hilly, difficult and IAP districts (earlier 75k)
  • Beneficiary entitled to 90/95 person days of unskilled labor from NREGA
  • Convergence with other programs for toilet, water, electricity, LPG, etc.
  • Monitoring through e-governance model – AwaasSoft and AwaasApp

PMAY-Urban

  • Aim: Housing for EWS & LIG by 2022 – EWS = annual income < 3 Lakh – LIG = annual income b/w 3 to 6 Lakh
  • Eligibility: family should not own a pucca house
  • Components: 1. In-situ slum redevelopment (1 L / house) 2. *Affordable housing in partnership with pvt. sector (1.5 L / house) 3. Credit linked subsidy scheme 4. Beneficiary-led construction/enhancement (1.5 L)

 Other latest developments

  • Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act 2016
  • Infrastructure Status to Affordable Housing
  • Incentivizing private developers for low cost housing

MCQ #1 Land pooling mechanism has been used for development of which of the following places?

  1. Amravati
  2. Gandhinagar
  3. Lavasa
  4. Naya Raipur

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Q2. Discuss India’s journey to achieve universal village electrification.

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15th Aug 2015

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  • Target: 18500 un-electrified villages would be electrified within the next 1000 days
  • Achieved: 18452 villages electrified!!!

 DDU Gram Jyoti Yojana

  • Components: – To provide electrification to all villages – Separation of agriculture and non-agriculture feeders – Improve T&D network to improve quality/reliability – Metering to reduce the losses
  • How is it better than previous scheme? – Off-grid solutions like solar for remote villages – Min of Power to use innovative financing models like bonds – Flexibility to states for execution of works – Milestone based monitoring

 Challenges

  • Village is electrified if: – 10% of the households have power connections – If electricity is provided in public places like schools, panchayats, health centres and community centres
  • For electrification of all households, a new scheme called PM Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (SAUBHAGYA) – Even though 100% electrification of villages has been achieved, government data shows that, there are still 31 million households without electricity

 MCQ #2 Which railway station has been recently renamed as Deen Dayal Upadhyay Junction railway station?

  1. Ghaziabad
  2. Mughal Sarai
  3. Ahmednagar
  4. Ferozabad

Q3. What are the steps taken by government for a clean energy future?

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 Solar Power

  • National Solar Mission
  • Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects (> 500 MW each)
  • Amendments in by-laws & assistance for Roof top solar
  • 10% renewable energy mandatory for Smart Cities
  • Enhancement in Solar RPO to 8% by Mar 2022 – RE RPO to be 21% by 2022
  • Raising capital through Tax free Solar Bonds
  • Skill training via Surya Mitra Program

Wind Power

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  • Potential: 302 GW at 100-metre hubheight • National Offshore Wind Energy Policy

Bio energy

  • Assistance for biomass power projects – Biomass combustion – Biomass gasification – Bagasse co-generation
  • Simultaneous generation of electricity and thermal energy
  • Promotion of off-grid biogas power project
  • Family-size Biogas plants for rural & semiurban

Other initiatives

  • Formation of International Solar Alliance
  • 100% FDI for RE generation & distribution
  • Renewable Generation Obligation for coal TPP

 MCQ #3 What is the purpose of Green Energy Corridor?

  1. Setting up Solar panels along water canals
  2. Transmission of Renewable Energy
  3. Planting trees along Industrial Corridors
  4. Production of Renewable Energy

 Q4. How can government double the farmer’s income by 2022?

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 Prices & Marketing

  • MSP set at 1.5 times the production cost
  • Operation Greens for TOP price control
  • E-National Agricultural Market
  • Rural haats to Gramin Agri Markets (GRAMs)
  • Agri Market Infra Fund of 2000 Crore

Financing Farmers

  • KCC extended to fisheries & animal husbandry
  • Promotion of Joint Liability Groups
  • Promotion of Farmer Producer Organizations
  • Model Agricultural Land Leasing Act 2016 – Tenants are now entitled to obtain loans

Organic Agriculture

  • Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana – Cluster based approach
  • 50 farmers are organized in cluster of 50 ha
  • Each farmer is given Rs. 50k per ha for 3 years
  • Focus on tribal, rainfed, hilly and remote areas – Target: 10,000 clusters by end-2018
  • Mission for Development of Organic Value Chain in NE
  • Organic practices reduces production cost by ~20%

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MCQ #4 Which is the first Organic State of India?

  1. Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Sikkim
  3. Himachal Pradesh
  4. Goa

 Q5. Critically analyze the UDAN scheme.

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UDAN = Ude Desh ka Aam Nagrik

  • Ghost airports in tier 2/3 pre-UDAN = 75/400
  • Aim: boost regional connectivity via unused airports
  • Provisions: – Government (Centre + State) to provide VGF – Subsidy for 50% of the seats on UDAN routes – Fares capped at 2500 per seat per hour or ~500 km – Exclusive route monopoly for 3 years – Other concessions (cheaper fuel, no airport charges)
  • VGF is funded by levy on departures in Metro cities

 Successes

  • Shimla airport doing good
  • Flights started from Jharsuguda in Odisha
  • Pakyong airport to be inaugurated soon
  • Jagdalpur in Chhattisgarh is also ready

 Challenges

  • Not all underserved and un-served airports have been revived
  • Not all routes for which airlines had placed bids have been started
  • No bids came for helicopter services under UDAN in first round
  • Some airlines have little experience and are short on funding
  • Even the quality of service under UDAN is not quite upto the mark And The BIG Question,

What happens after VGF ends in 3 years?

MCQ #5 Pakyong airport, revived under UDAN scheme, is in which State?

  1. Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Sikkim
  3. Mizoram
  4. West Bengal

Q6. How can India channelize the power of youth for development?\

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Major programs

  • Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (1972) – Largest youth organizations in the world – Helps develop personality + leadership – Example of activities under Youth Clubs
  • Yuva Adarsh Gram Vikas Karyakram
  • Tribal Youth Exchange Programme
  • Inter State Youth Exchange Programme
  • Involvement of Youth in Namami Gange
  • National Service Scheme (1969) – Voluntary community service – Motto is “Not Me, But You”

MCQ #6 Ek Bharat Shreshta Bharat was announced on Birth anniversary of which leader?

  1. Pandit Nehru
    B. Mahatma Gandhi
  2. Sardar Patel
  3. APJ Abdul Kalam

 Q7. Discuss the main provisions of Fugitives Economic Offenders Bill.

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