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Will Iran & Belarus Join SCO Soon? – Free PDF Download



Which of the below countries is a member of Shanghai cooperation organization (SCO)?

  1. India
  2. Pakistan
  3. Afghanistan
  4. China
  5. Russia
  6. Turkmenistan

Select the correct answer from the code given below:

  1. a) 1, 2, 3, 4 only
  2. b) 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 only
  3. c) 1, 2, 4, 5 only
  4. d) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 & 6

The News

About SCO

  • SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation.
  • It’s a Eurasian political, economic and military organisation aiming to maintain peace, security and stability in the region.
  • It was created in 2001. The SCO Charter was signed in 2002, and entered into force in 2003.
  • The SCO’s official languages are Russian and Chinese.

About SCO

  • The SCO covers 40%of the global population, nearly 20% of the global GDP and 22% of the world’s land mass.
  • The SCO has a strategically important role in Asia due to its geographical significance – this enables it to control the Central Asia and limit the American influence in region.
  • SCO is generally seen as counterweight to the North NATO

From Shanghai-5 to SCO

  • Before to the creation of SCO in 2001, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan were members of the Shanghai Five.
  • Shanghai Five (1996) emerged from a series of border demarcation and demilitarization talks which the four former Soviet republics held with China to ensure stability along the borders.
  • In 2001, Uzbekistan was added to the grouping, the Shanghai Five was renamed the SCO.
  • India and Pakistan became members in 2017.

From Shanghai-5 to SCO

  • Structure of the SCO
    • Heads of State Council
      • Deals Internal functioning and international relations
    • Heads of Government Council
      • Deals with Budget & other economic interactions
    • Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs
      • Deals with Day-to-day activities.
    • Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS)
      • Combat terrorism, separatism and extremism.
    • SCO Secretariat
      • In Beijing, its main job is to provide informational, analytical & organisational support.

Case for Iran Membership

  • Iran’s membership is final. The decision to admit Iran was made in 2021 Dushanbe summit.
  • Iran was an observer in the SCO since 2005.
  • Iran had applied for full membership to SCO in 2008 and again in 2010 but both the times it had been unsuccessfully.
  • Finally in 2021, things changed for Iran and it has accepted multilateralism.

Case for Belarus Membersihp


Samarkhand Summit 2022


What does this mean?






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