Home   »   Latest News   »   UPSC Prelims News 2022

UPSC Prelims News 26 September 2022


UPSC Prelims News of 26th September 2022

Super Typhoon Noru

Context: Thousands of people have fled their homes in the Luzon Island of Philippines because of Super Typhoon Noru.

About Super Typhoon Noru

    • Typhoon Noru, known in the Philippines as Super Typhoon Karding, is a strong tropical cyclone that made a very powerful landfall over Central Luzon.
    • It is the eighth typhoon of the 2022 Pacific typhoon season.
    • It originated as a tropical depression in the Pacific Ocean, east of Philippines and headed west towards Luzon Island.
Super Typhoon Noru
Super Typhoon Noru

What are Typhoons?

  • Typhoons are tropical cyclones that originate in the Northwestern Pacific Basin and is the most active tropical cyclone basin on Earth, accounting for almost one-third of the world’s annual tropical cyclones.
  • Main requirements for typhoon formation and development:
    • Sufficiently warm sea surface temperatures
    • Atmospheric instability
    • High humidity in the lower-to-middle levels of the troposphere
    • Enough Coriolis effect to develop a low-pressure center
    • A pre-existing low-level focus or disturbance
    • Low vertical wind shear.
    • Direction of rotation: Counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.

The Philippines

  • Philippine Archipelago comprises about 7,641 islands, of which only about 2,000 are inhabited.
  • It is divided into three major island groups of Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao.
  • Luzon ranks as the Philippine’s most populous and largest island.

UPSC Prelims News of 24 September 2022

Bathukamma Festival

Context: The nine-day Bathukamma festival has begun.

About Bathukamma Festival:

  • Bathukamma is celebrated for nine days during Durga Navratri in the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.
  • Bathukamma celebrates the relationship between earth, water and the human beings.
  • The festival starts with “Engilipoola Bathukamma”, one of the variants of the festival of flowers and ends with “Saddula Bathukamma”.
  • Meaning: Bathukamma is a beautiful flower stack, arranged with different unique seasonal flowers in seven concentric layers in the shape of temple gopuram.
    • It means “festival of life”. It is a festival for feminine felicitation and primarily celebrated by unmarried young girls who are in the marriageable age.
  • Celebrations:
    • Women form a circle and revolve around the Bathukamma and sing folk songs.
    • The festival is marked with dance performances, music, dramas and a variety of entertainments. ‘Jataras’ are held during the month-long celebrations.
Bathukamma Festival
Bathukamma Festival

Asian Palm Oil Alliance (APOA)

Context: Edible oil trade associations from five palm oil importing countries in South Asia – India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal have set up Asian Palm Oil Alliance (APOA).

  • Aim: To gain collecting bargaining power and make imports sustainable.


  • It empowers several Asian countries for whom palm oil is a source of affordable food and nutrition.
  • It is expected to safeguard the economic and business interests of the palm- oil consuming countries and create a level playing field for all fats and oils used in food, feed and oleochemicals in Asia.
  • It will work towards increasing the consumption of sustainable palm oil in member countries
  • It will strengthen Asia’s role in palm oil sustainability disclosure.
  • It would work towards ensuring that palm oil is recognised as a high-quality, economical, and healthy vegetable oil and to change the negative image of palm oil.

India’s Palm Oil Stats

  • India’s annual imports of edible oil is around 13-14 million tonne (MT).
  • Around 8 MT of palm oil is imported from Indonesia and Malaysia, while other oils, such as soya and sunflower, come from Argentina, Brazil, Ukraine and Russia.
  • India is the largest importer of palm oil in Asia, accounting for 15% of global imports, followed by China (9%), Pakistan (4%) and Bangladesh (2%).
  • Asia accounts for around 40% of the global palm oil consumption while Europe accounts for 12% of palm oil trade.
  • Indonesia and Malaysia are the biggest palm oil exporters in the world.


Real-Time Train Information System (RTIS)

Context: Indian Railways is installing Real-Time Train Information System (RTIS).

  • RTIS has been developed in collaboration with ISRO, on locomotives and trains “for automatic acquisition of train movement timing at the stations, including that of arrival and departure or run-through.


  • It will provide train’s movement information as current as 30 seconds to railway passengers.
  • The Train Control can now track the location and speed of RTIS enabled locomotives /train more closely, without any manual intervention.

UPSC Prelims News of 27 September 2022

Sharing is caring!

Download your free content now!


We have received your details!

We'll share General Studies Study Material on your E-mail Id.

Download your free content now!

We have already received your details!

We'll share General Studies Study Material on your E-mail Id.

Incorrect details? Fill the form again here

General Studies PDF

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.