Home   »   UPSC Calendar 2023   »   UPSC Prelims News 2022

UPSC Prelims News 19 November 2022


UPSC Prelims News of 19 November 2022

Uda Devi

Context: Events to commemorate martyrdom of freedom fighter Uda Devi were held recently.

About Uda Devi:

  • Uda Devi belonged to the dalit Pasi community. She was known as a leader who managed to mobilise people, especially Dalit women, to take up arms against the British.
  • She was part of the royal guard of Begum Hazrat Mahal of Awadh, who took part in the battle against the British forces.
Uda Devi
Uda Devi

Fight Against British:

  • Uda Devi was among the soldiers who fought in the battle of Sikandar Bagh (1857) against the British regiment stationed near the Gomti River.
  • She was responsible for the killing of at least three dozen British soldiers from atop a tree before she could be spotted and killed.
  • Honours: A statue of Uda Devi has been erected at Sikandar Bagh, Lucknow.


Red-Crowned Roofed Turtle

Context: India has put forward a proposal to protect red-crowned roofed turtle under the CITES Appendix I.

About Red-Crowned Roof Turtle:

  • Habitat: Known as Batagur kachuga, the turtle was historically found across central Nepal, northeastern India, Bangladesh and probably Burma. It is at a high risk of extinction.
  • Feature: The adult male turtles develop a brilliant coloration of red, yellow, white, and blue, with 6 distinctive bright red stripes on top of the head.
  • Protection status: The species is already classified as critically endangered under IUCN red list.
    • Wildlife Protection Act (IWPA): Schedule I
    • The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Appendix II
    • In India, the National Chambal River Gharial Sanctuary is the only area with substantial population of the species.
  • Threats: Numbers have declined due to pollution, illegal sand mining, accidental drowning in fishing gear and hydrological projects undertaken in the Ganga basin.
    • Illegal consumption and international trade are other reasons for its decline.
Red-Crowned Roofed Turtle
Red-Crowned Roofed Turtle

Balkan Lynx

Context: Wildlife experts are tracking the Balkan lynx in a last effort to save the species from extinction.

More on the News:

  • It is now among the world’s most endangered mammals.
    • There are less than 40 of these solitary wild cats in the three Balkan countries viz Albania, Kosovo and North Macedonia.
  • Threat: They are threatened by the degradation of its habitat and significant deforestation, which are depleting the game they feed on and fragmenting its population.
    • Other Factors: Illegal hunting, poaching, forest logging and degradation and lack of prey.

About Balkan lynx:

  • It is the third largest predator in Europe, Balkan region and in Albania after brown bear and wolf.
  • Munella area is the home of the Balkan lynx in Albania, where very small populations lives and reproduce.
  • IUCN Status: Critically endangered species.
  • It is part of CITES and listed in Appendix II of Bern Convention.
Balkan lynx
Balkan lynx


Sharing is caring!

Download your free content now!


We have received your details!

We'll share General Studies Study Material on your E-mail Id.

Download your free content now!

We have already received your details!

We'll share General Studies Study Material on your E-mail Id.

Incorrect details? Fill the form again here

General Studies PDF

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.