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UPSC Prelims News 16th September 2022


UPSC Prelims News of 16th September 2022


E-Baal Nidan Portal

Context: The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights will be providing access to all State Commission for Protection of Child Rights on the “E-Baal Nidan” portal.

E-Baal Nidan portal

  • E-Baal Nidan portal is an online complaint mechanism launched in 2015 by the NCPCR to fulfill its mandate and functions under Section 13 of the CPCR Act, 2005.

Features of E-Baal Nidan portal

Registering Complaint

    • Any person can register a complaint about any violation committed against a child. The complainant will be getting a complaint registration number.

Tracking Progress

    • Using the complaint registration number, the progress of redressal of the complaint in the Commission can be tracked by the complainant.

Detailed Complaint

    • The details that are included in the form are the date of incidence, place of incidence, information about the victim, the authority, the nature and category of complaint, what action was initiated, etc.


    • This online mechanism ensures that a complaint can be made to the Commission through online mode without any costs.
    • The portal makes the process of redressal of complaints transparent for the complainant and helps in timely disposal of cases by the Commission.

New Changes in E-Baal Nidan Portal

  • Bifurcating complaints based on the nature of the complaint into their subject matters like Juvenile Justice, POCSO, Labour, Education etc.
  • Internal monitoring and transfer of complaints in the Commission
  • Tracking of complaints at every stage in a more mechanized and time bound manner.

UPSC Prelims News of 17th September 2022

Exercise Kakadu

Context: INS Satpura and a P8 I Maritime Patrol Aircraft of the Indian Navy arrived in Australia for participation in the multinational Exercise Kakadu – 2022.

More on the news

  • Exercise Kakadu is a two week-long Exercise hosted by Royal Australian Navy.
  • It consists of harbour and sea phase, involving ships and maritime aircraft from 14 navies.
    • During the harbor phase, the naval crew will engage in operational planning interactions and sports activities with participating Navies.

About Exercise Kakadu:

  • Exercise KAKADU is a premier multilateral regional maritime engagement exercise hosted by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) and supported by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).
  • The exercise is held biennially in Darwin and the Northern Australian Exercise Areas (NAXA) for carrying out maritime activities among regional navies to ensure peace in Indo-Pacific region.
  • The exercise gets its name from Kakadu National Park, which is a protected area located in the northern territory of Australia.

Other exercises between India and Australia:

  • Ex AUSTRA HIND (Army)
  • Ex AUSINDEX (Navy)
  • Malabar Exercise (With the Navies of USA, India, Australia and Japan)


F-16 Package To Pakistan

Context: India has conveyed its concerns on the US decision to provide Pakistan with a $450 million package for upgrading its F-16 fleet.

More on the News

  • The clearance would allow US manufacturers to sell spares and supplies for Pakistan’s fleet.
  • It would also signal a major reversal of Trump-era policy, which had suspended economic aid to Pakistan.

About the package

  • It involves technical and logistics services for follow-on support of Pakistan’s F-16 fleet, including aircraft and engine hardware and software support, equipment support, precision measurement, and aircraft maintenance.
    • The package does not include any new capabilities, weapons, or munitions to the F-16 fleet.
F-16 Package To Pakistan
F-16 Package To Pakistan
  • Objective: The package will ensure Pakistan to retain interoperability with US and partner forces in ongoing counter-terrorism efforts.

Why the change in USA’s stance?

  • Assistance in anti-terror operations: It is believed that Pakistan was responsible for giving the intelligence for the drone strike that killed the al-Qaeda chief.
  • Repair of ties: After the new regime came to power, officials from Pakistan have travelled to the US to repair ties. There have been efforts to convince US officials for their support.
  • The China factor: The US has been trying to break China’s hold on Pakistan and the deal is part of a plan by US to assert its influence over the region.
  • Repair Indo-Pakistan ties: The package could also be a signal to both India and Pakistan that it was time to repair their relations.


CRISPR Technology

  • Context: India has approved a 5-year project to develop CRISPR to cure sickle cell anaemia.
  • CRISPR is Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats.
  • The technology replicates a natural defence mechanism in some bacteria that uses a similar method to protect itself from virus attacks.
  • It usually involves the introduction of a new gene, or suppression of an existing gene, through a process described as genetic engineering.
  • It is simple and it does not involve the introduction of any new gene from the outside.
  • Example: A bad stretch in the DNA sequence (cause of disease or disorder) is located, cut, and removed — and then replaced with a ‘correct’ sequence, with the aid of biochemical tool (Specific protein and RNA molecules).
    • Special protein called Cas9, which is often described as ‘genetic scissors’, is used to break the DNA strand at specific points and remove the bad sequence.
CRISPR Technology
CRISPR Technology

Application of CRISPR around the world

  • Several therapeutic interventions using CRISPR for diseases like thalassaemia or sickle cell anaemia have gone into clinical trials, mainly in the United States.
    • Vast number of diseases and disorders, which are genetic in nature like common blood disorders like sickle cell anaemia, eye diseases including colour blindness, several types of cancer, diabetes, HIV, and liver and heart diseases, can be permanently cured.
  • Japan has approved the commercial cultivation of a tomato variety that has been improved using CRISPR-based intervention.


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