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UPSC Prelims News 16 November 2022


UPSC Prelims News of 16 November 2022


Context: The National Capital of Delhi has witnessed dengue caseload cross 2,500 in the past few days.

About Dengue:


  • Dengue is an illness that is prevalent in tropical and subtropical areas of the world.


  • Dengue is caused by a virus of the Flaviviridae family.


  • The infection spreads from one person to another through Aedes mosquitoes, which act as vector.
  • There is also a possibility of maternal transmission between pregnant mother and the baby.


  • General symptoms include fever, vomiting, nausea, muscle pain, headache, swollen glands, rash etc.
  • Severe symptoms are bleeding from gums, blood in stool and urine, severe stomach pain, fatigue etc.


  • Mild dengue causes a high fever and flu-like symptoms. The severe form of the illness, called dengue hemorrhagic fever, can cause serious bleeding, a sudden drop in blood pressure and death.

Prevention and Treatment:

  • The best preventive measure is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes and to take steps to reduce the mosquito population.
  • The vaccine Dengvaxia has been approved by regulatory authorities in many countries.
  • No specific treatment for dengue exists after diagnosis.


Bhagwan Birsa Munda

Context: The President of India paid respects to tribal leader Bhagwan Birsa Munda on the occasion of Janjatiya Gaurav Divas.

About Bhagwan Birsa Munda:

  • Birsa was born in 1875 in Khunti district of Jharkhand. He received early education under Jaipal Nag and later converted to Christianity in order to join the German Mission school.
  • Influenced by the Sardari agitation, Birsa opposed the British oppression of the tribal communities. He favoured a tribal social order.
  • He was revered as a God-like figure by fellow tribals, which led to emergence of a religious sect known as Birsait.
    • The popularity of the sect among tribals proved to be a challenge to British conversion activities.
  • Ulgulan movement:
    • The Ulgulan movement of 1899 made use of weapons and guerrilla warfare to drive out foreigners from tribal territories. Birsa encouraged the tribals to denounce colonial laws and paying rent.
    • Birsa mobilized the tribal community against the British and forced the
    • colonial officials to introduce laws protecting the land rights of the tribals.
    • Birsa was called by his followers as ‘Bhagwan’ (God) and ‘Dharati Aba’ (Father of the earth).
    • He also encouraged changes in the social sphere by challenging superstitious religious practices.
Bhagwan Birsa Munda
Bhagwan Birsa Munda


Conference on Countering Financing of Terrorism-NMFT

Context: Prime Minister of India will inaugurate the third global ‘no money for terror’ NMFT conference in Delhi.


  • It is third ministerial conference on counter-terrorism financing.
  • It aims to progress the discussions on combating terrorist financing held by the international community in the previous two Conferences in Paris (2018) and Melbourne (2019).
  • It intends to include discussions on technical, legal, regulatory and cooperation aspects of all facets of terrorism financing.
  • Major Theme:
    • Global trends in terrorism and terrorist financing.
    • Use of formal and informal channels of funds for terrorism.
    • Emerging technologies and terrorist financing.
    • International cooperation to address challenges in combating terrorist financing.


Ahyi Seamount

Context: According to studies, a submarine volcanic activity appears to be taking place in the Ahyi seamount volcano area of the Northern Mariana Islands since mid-October 2022.

About the Ahyi Seamount:

  • Ahyi seamount is a large conical submarine volcano that rises to within 75 m of the sea surface about 18 km SE of the island of Farallon de Pajaros (Uracas) in the Northern Mariana Islands of USA.
  • It forms a part of the Mariana Back-arc segment of the Izu-Bonin trench in the western Pacific Ocean.
  • The remote location of the seamount has made eruptions difficult to document.
Submarine Volcanoes
Submarine Volcanoes

What are Submarine Volcanoes?

  • Submarine volcanoes are underwater ventsor fissures in the Earth’s surface from which magma can erupt.
  • Many submarine volcanoes are located near areas of tectonic plate formation, known as mid-ocean ridges.
  • Although most submarine volcanoes are located in the depths of seas and oceans, some also exist in shallow water, and these can discharge material into the atmosphere during an eruption.
  • The total number of submarine volcanoes is estimated to be over 1 million of which some 75,000 rise more than 1 km above the seabed.
  • Hydrothermal vents, sites of abundant biological activity, are commonly found near submarine volcanoes.


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