Home   »   Latest News   »   UPSC Prelims News 2022

UPSC Prelims News 14th September 2022


UPSC Prelims News of 14th September 2022


Arattupuzha Velayudha Panicker

Context: Malayalam film Pathonpatham Noottandu, based on the life of Arattupuzha Velayudha Panicker, was recently released.

About Arattupuzha Velayudha Panicker

  • Panicker was a social reformer from the Ezhava community who lived in the 19th century in the state of Kerala.
    • He was born into a well-off family of merchants in Kerala’s Alappuzha district.
  • ‘Panicker’ title was given to him by the then-king of Travancore in 1869. He was murdered by a group of upper-caste men in 1874.
    • He is considered the ‘first martyr’ of the Kerala renaissance.

Role in Social Reform Movement:

  • He is said to have challenged the domination of upper castes or ‘Savarnas’ and brought about changes in the lives of both men and women.
  • Temple construction: Panicker is credited for building two Shiva temples that allowed entry to members of all castes and religions.
  • Dignity of oppressed women: Panicker led the Achippudava Samaram strike at Kayamkulam in 1858 that allowed women belonging to oppressed groups the right to wear a lower garment that extended beyond the knees.
    • The strike extended into Ethappu Samaram in 1859, a protest demanding the right to wear an upper body cloth by women belonging to backward castes.
    • He led the Mukkuthi Samaram at Pandalam in 1860, demanding for the rights of lower-caste women to wear ‘mukkuthi’ or nose-ring, and other gold ornaments.
  • Rights of agricultural labourers: Panicker led Karshaka Thozhilali Samaram, which was the first-ever strike by agricultural labourers in Kerala.
  • Kathakali schools: Panicker established the first Kathakali Yogam (schools for the classical dance form Kathakali) for the Ezhava community in 1861.

Other Achievements:

  • Panicker was a master of Kalaripayattu (the traditional martial arts practiced in Kerala) and other sports such as wrestling, swimming and horseback riding.

UPSC Prelims News of 15th September 2022

JIMEX 2022

Context: The sixth edition of Japan-India Maritime Exercise 2022 (JIMEX 22) hosted by Indian Navy began in the Bay of Bengal from 11th September 2022.

The 2022 Edition:

  • Indian participants: The Indian Navy is being represented by INS Sahyadri, a multi-purpose stealth frigate, and Anti Submarine Warfare Corvettes INS Kadmatt and INS Kavaratti.
  • Phases: The exercise would be conducted in two phases–Exercises at sea and a harbour phase at Visakhapatnam.
  • Significance: The sixth edition of JIMEX marks 10 years since the exercise’s first edition.


  • Objective: JIMEX aims to consolidate the high degree of interoperability existing between maritime forces of the two countries, through complex exercises in the surface, sub-surface and air domains.
  • The exercises are held biennially between Indian Navy and Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force.

Other Military Exercises with Japan:

  • Annual joint land military exercise named ‘Dharma Guardian’
  • Trilateral Maritime Exercise ‘Malabar’ with the USA
  • Joint Air Force exercise ‘Shinyuu Maitri


Ramayana Circuit

Context: India and Nepal have decided to speed up the projects on Ramayana Circuit.

About Ramayana Circuit

  • Ramayana Circuit is one among the fifteen thematic circuits identified for development under the Swadesh Darshan scheme of Ministry of Tourism.
    • Other tourist circuits: Buddhist circle, Desert circle, Coastal circle, Eco circle, Himalayan circle, Heritage circle, Krishna circle, North-East circle, Ramayana circle, Rural circle, Spiritual circle, Sufi circle, Tirthankar circle, Tribal circle and Wildlife circle.
Ramayana Circuit
Ramayana Circuit
  • The circuit will connect prominent places associated with the life of Lord Ram in India and Nepal. It will be operated by IRCTC.
  • Nepal’s Janakpur is part of the Ramayana Circuit.
  • Places in India developed under Ramayana Circuit:
    • Ayodhya, Nandigram, Shringverpur & Chitrakoot (Uttar Pradesh)
    • Sitamarhi, Buxar & Darbhanga (Bihar)
    • Chitrakoot (Madhya Pradesh)
    • Mahendragiri (Odisha)
    • Jagdalpur (Chhattisgarh)
    • Nashik & Nagpur (Maharashtra)
    • Bhadrachalam (Telangana)
    • Hampi (Karnataka)
    • Rameshwaram (Tamil Nadu)

Swadesh Darshan scheme:

  • The scheme was launched in 2014 -15 for integrated development of theme-based tourist circuits in the country.
  • Objective: Develop theme-based tourist circuits on the principles of high tourist value, competitiveness, and sustainability in an integrated manner.


Exercise Pitch Black 2022

  • Context: The Indian Air Force contingent participating in Exercise Pitch Black 22 in Australia has returned after successful participation.
  • About: It is a biennial multinational warfare exercise hosted by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).
  • Aim: The aim of the exercise is to practice Offensive Counter Air (OCA) and Defensive Counter Air (DCA) combat, in a simulated war environment.
    • It will enhance combat readiness and interoperability between partner nations.
  • As inferred from the name of the exercise, it will take place in low light conditions.
  • Other important exercises between India and Australia:
    • Bilateral
      • Ex AUSTRA HIND (Army)
      • Ex AUSINDEX (Navy)
    • Multilateral
      • Malabar Exercise (With the Navies of USA, India, Australia and Japan)


Sharing is caring!

Download your free content now!


We have received your details!

We'll share General Studies Study Material on your E-mail Id.

Download your free content now!

We have already received your details!

We'll share General Studies Study Material on your E-mail Id.

Incorrect details? Fill the form again here

General Studies PDF

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.