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UPSC Prelims News 12th September 2022


UPSC Prelims News of 12th September 2022


Cyborg Cockroaches

Context: An international team of researchers have developed a system that can create Cyborg Cockroaches.

About the Development

  • Cyborg cockroaches are part insect and part machine. Their movements are controlled by tiny integrated circuits.
  • Researchers used Madagascar cockroaches, which are the largest species Okayof cockroaches, for developing cyborgs.
  • Scientists designed the system to be rechargeable, by powering it with a super thin 0.004 mm solar cell module that was installed on the cockroach’s abdomen.
  • The battery system on the insects ensured that the cockroach can be controlled for long periods of time.
  • Working:
  • Pressing a button sends electrical impulses to the sensory organs attached to the abdomens of the insects.
  • The shock forces the insect to move left or right.


  • Conducting surveillance in procedures like urban search and rescue
  • Environmental monitoring
  • Inspection of areas dangerous to humans
Cyborg Cockroaches
Cyborg Cockroaches


Context: ‘Taragiri’, the third stealth frigate of project 17A was launched by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd. (MDL) in Mumbai.


  • It is named after a hill range in Himalayas located at Garhwal.
  • The frigate is designed by the Indian Navy’s in-house design organization, the Bureau of Naval Design.

About Project 17A:

  • The coveted ‘Project 17A’ was cleared by the government in 2015.
  • It involves the building of seven stealth frigates at an estimated cost of Rs 50,000 crore.
  • These frigates will come armed with advanced state-of-the-art sensors and boast of top-notch stealth features.
  • They will represent the most advanced class of major surface warships for the Indian Navy in a decade, also featuring BrahMos supersonic surface-to-surface missiles.
  • Stealth frigate launched so far under the Project 17A:
    • Himgiri,
    • Udaygiri
    • Taragiri


UNESCO Global Network of Learning Cities

Context: Warangal of Telangana and Nilambur, Thrissur of Kerala have joined the UNESCO Global Network of Learning Cities (GNLC).

More on the News:

  • These three Indian cities are among the 77 cities from 44 countries which have joined the GNLC.
  • The 77 new members bring the total number of cities within the UNESCO GNLC to 294 in 76 countries.


  • It is an international network consisting of cities that successfully promote lifelong learning across their communities.
  • It was launched in 2013 by the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning.
  • The key objective of UNESCO GNLC was to promote social cohesion, economic development, and sustainability in urban areas.
  • The Network supports the achievement of all seventeen SDGs SDG 4 and SDG 11.

What is a learning city?

  • UNESCO defines a learning city as a city that
  • Effectively mobilizes its resources in every sector to promote inclusive learning from basic to higher education.
  • Revitalizes learning in families and communities.
  • Facilitates learning for and in the workplace.
  • Extends the use of modern learning technologies.
  • Enhances quality and excellence in learning; and
  • Fosters a culture of learning throughout life.


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