Home   »   UPSC Calendar 2023   »   The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 4 Nov

The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 4 November 2022

 

The Hindu Newspaper Analysis for UPSC

Garo tribal community perform Wangala dance
Garo tribal community perform Wangala dance

The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 3 November 2022

  • Members of the Garo tribal community perform Wangala dance on the occasion of ‘The Rising Sun Water Fest-2022’ on the banks of Umiam Lake in Meghalaya on Thursday. The event was organised by the Eastern Command Aquatics Node.
Greater Noida to hold online classes
Greater Noida to hold online classes

The Hindu Editorial Today

  • Schools in Noida, Greater Noida to hold online classes till November 8, no such order for Delhi schools yet; CAQM orders restriction on plying of diesel-fuelled medium and heavy goods vehicles within city limits; overall air quality likely to remain in ‘severe’ to ‘severe+’ category till tomorrow

About the Commission for Air Quality Management (CAQM):

  • The Commission was first formed by an ordinance in October 2020.
  • The erstwhile Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority, or EPCA had been dissolved to make way for the Commission.
  • The Commission will be a statutory authority.
  • The Commission will supersede bodies such as the central and state pollution control boards of Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, UP and Rajasthan.
  • In 2021, the Parliament approved the Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Bill.

Composition:

Chairperson: To be chaired by a government official of the rank of Secretary or Chief Secretary.

  • The chairperson will hold the post for three years or until s/he attains the age of 70 years.
  • It will have members from several Ministries as well as representatives from the stakeholder States.
  • It will have experts from the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Civil Society.
Enemy Property
Enemy Property

What is “Enemy Property”?

  • In the wake of the India-Pakistan wars of 1965 and 1971, there was migration of people from India to Pakistan. Under the Defence of India Rules framed under The Defence of India Act, 1962, the Government of India took over the properties and companies of those who took Pakistani nationality.
  • These “enemy properties” were vested by the central government in the Custodian of Enemy Property for India. The same was done for property left behind by those who went to China after the 1962 Sino-Indian war.
  • The Tashkent Declaration of January 10, 1966 included a clause that said India and Pakistan would discuss the return of the property and assets taken over by either side in connection with the conflict.
  • However, the Government of Pakistan disposed of all such properties in their country in the year 1971 itself.

Dealing with Enemy Property

  • The Enemy Property Act, enacted in 1968, provided for the continuous vesting of enemy property in the Custodian of Enemy Property for India (CEPI).
  • The central government, through the Custodian, is in possession of enemy properties spread across many states in the country.
Malayalam-language news channel
Malayalam-language news channel
  • The Information and Broadcasting Ministry (I&B) informed Media One, a Malayalam-language news channel, through an order that its broadcast license had been canceled.
    • The cancellation order cited a Home Ministry order that had denied security clearance to the channel.
    • The Kerala High Court had upheld the government’s decision after perusing some material handed over by the government to it in a sealed cover. The media company did not see or get a copy of the content passed on to the court by the Centre.
Sharm El Sheikh in Egypt
Sharm El Sheikh in Egypt
  • There is a strong belief in some quarters that the next climate conference, just days away in Sharm El Sheikh in Egypt this year (COP27) may not discuss climate change mitigation largely on account of the ongoing energy stress in Europe.
  • It is felt that the Russia-Ukraine crisis and resulting global energy supply shortages have dented everyone’s ability to reduce emissions.
  • The President of Vanuatu, a small Pacific island, wanted the General Assembly to adopt a universal Non Proliferation Treaty to ban the use of fossil fuels across the world.
Vanuatu
Vanuatu
China-Pakistan joint statement
China-Pakistan joint statement
  • Issuing a detailed response to the China-Pakistan joint statement that was issued during Pakistan Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif’s visit to Beijing on Wednesday, New Delhi said on Thursday that references to Jammu & Kashmir were “unwarranted”.
  • It also criticised plans to build more projects in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK), with possible extensions to Afghanistan, under the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).
resulting in 30% fewer students
resulting in 30% fewer students
  • The number of children entering pre-primary classes in 2021-2022 saw a further decline, resulting in 30% fewer students in this school section as compared to pre-Covid as younger students with less access to remote learning continue to bear the biggest brunt of learning loss during the pandemic, according to a report released by the Ministry of Education.
  • Enrolment in primary classes, which include classes 1 to 5, also saw a drop for the first time, falling from 12.20 lakh in 2020-2021 to 12.18 lakh in 2021-2022.
  • Also for the first time since the pandemic, the report records a decline in number of schools due to closures as well as a lack of teachers.
Child Welfare Police Officer
Child Welfare Police Officer
  • The Ministry of Home Affairs has asked the States/Union Territories to appoint a Child Welfare Police Officer (CWPO) in every police station to exclusively deal with children, either as victims or perpetrators.
  • Acting on an advisory issued by the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights, the Home Ministry referred to provisions under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015, which calls for designating at least one officer, not below the rank of an Assistant Sub-Inspector, as CWPO in every station.
  • The advisory comes in the backdrop of increasing number of crimes against children, including murders and offences under the POCSO Act.

About NCPCR:

  • Set up in March 2007 under the Commission for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005.
  • It works under the administrative control of the Ministry of Women & Child Development.
  • Definition: The Child is defined as a person in the 0 to 18 years age group.
  • The Commission’s Mandate is to ensure that all Laws, Policies, Programmes, and Administrative Mechanisms are in consonance with the Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India and also the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Under the RTE Act, 2009, the NCPCR can:

  • inquire into complaints about violation of the law.
  • summon an indi
  • vidual and demand evidence.
  • seek a magisterial enquiry.
  • file a writ petition in the High Court or Supreme Court.
  • approach the government concerned for prosecution of the offender.
  • recommend interim relief to those affected.
Amur Falcon
Amur Falcon

Amur Falcon

  • The Amur falcon (Falco amurensis) is a small raptor of the falcon family.
  • It breeds in south-eastern Siberia and Northern China before migrating in large flocks across India and over the Arabian Sea to winter in Southern and East Africa.
Amur Falcon
Amur Falcon

How it migrates?

  • Locally known as Akhuipuina, the bird arrives mainly in Manipur and Nagaland on its southbound migration from breeding grounds in North China, Eastern Mongolia and far-east Russia.
  • They travel to Manipur en-route to its wintering grounds in South Africa.
  • The one-way journey via India is about 20,000 km long and the birds do this twice a year.
  • They spend three-four weeks in many parts of Manipur to build fat reserves by preying on termites that emerge around this time.
  • The Tokhu Emong is the harvest festival of the Lothas. With the harvest done and the granaries full, the people now take a respite from the toils and sweat and settle down to enjoy the fruits of one’shard labor.
  • Tokhu Emong is celebrated in the 1st week of November every year and it stretches over to 9 days. Earlier, no particular date was fixed.
  • However, in order to carve unity and uniformity among the ranges, Wokha elders decided to· celebrate it on a fixed date. Following this, Tokhu Emong is celebrated on November 7, every year.
Netanyahu’s Likud party
Netanyahu’s Likud party
  • The right-wing bloc wins 64 seats, with 32 seats for Netanyahu’s Likud party, 18 for ultra-Orthodox parties and 14 for far-right Religious Zionism alliance; Yair Lapid’s centrist bloc secures 51 seats.
  • Unlike in India, Israeli voters vote for parties, not specific candidates. All Israeli citizens aged 18 and older are eligible to vote.
  • Proportional Representation is an electoral system in which the distribution of seats closely corresponds to the proportion of total votes cast for each party.
  • This is a more complex, but more representative system than the first-past-the-post (FPTP) system. It is a complex system that may work in a small country but would be difficult to implement in a subcontinental country like India.

Q) Tejaswini Rural Women Empowerment Programme was implemented in Madhya Pradesh by

  1. Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)
  2. World Food Programme (WFP)
  3. International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
  4. World Bank

मध्य प्रदेश में तेजस्विनी ग्रामीण महिला अधिकारिता कार्यक्रम किसके द्वारा लागू किया गया था?

  1. खाद्य और कृषि संगठन (FAO)
  2. विश्व खाद्य कार्यक्रम (WFP)
  3. कृषि विकास के लिए अंतर्राष्ट्रीय कोष (IFAD)
  4. विश्व बैंक
  • Tejaswini Rural Women Empowerment Programme implemented by the UN-affiliated International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Tejaswini programme showed that growing millets meant a nearly 10 times increase in income from ₹1,800 per month in 2013-14 to ₹16,277 in 2020-21, with better food security. Women were key to villages adopting millets, as they were able to demonstrate that millets were easier to grow and led to better outcomes.

Q) Consider the following statements

  1. The majority of the provisions in the Constitution need to be amended by a special majority of the Parliament and ratification by at least half of the state legislatures.
  2. Amendment of certain provisions of the Constitution by a simple majority is not deemed as constitutional amendment under Article 368.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

  1. संविधान के अधिकांश प्रावधानों को संसद के विशेष बहुमत से संशोधित करने और कम से कम आधे राज्य विधानसभाओं द्वारा अनुसमर्थन की आवश्यकता है।
  2. संविधान के कुछ प्रावधानों में साधारण बहुमत से संशोधन को अनुच्छेद 368 के तहत संवैधानिक संशोधन नहीं माना जाता है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Explanation:

  • Amendment of certain provisions of the Constitution by a simple majority of Parliament, that is, a majority of the members of each House present and voting (similar to the ordinary legislative process). Notably, these amendments are not deemed to be amendments of the Constitution for the purposes of Article 368.
  • The majority of the provisions in the Constitution need to be amended by a special majority of the Parliament, that is, a majority (that is, more than 50 per cent) of the total membership of each House and a majority of two-thirds of the members of each House present and voting.

Q) Which of the following directive principles of state policy was/were included by 42nd Amendment Act of 1976?

  1. To promote equal justice and to provide free legal aid to the poor
  2. To take steps to secure the participation of workers in the management of industries
  3. To protect monuments, places and objects of historic interest which are declared to be of national importance

Select the correct answer using the code below:

  1. 2 and 3 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. 1 and 2 only

राज्य के नीति निर्देशक सिद्धांतों में से कौन सा/से 42वें संशोधन अधिनियम 1976 द्वारा शामिल किया गया था?

  1. समान न्याय को बढ़ावा देना और गरीबों को मुफ्त कानूनी सहायता प्रदान करना
  2. उद्योगों के प्रबंधन में श्रमिकों की भागीदारी सुनिश्चित करने के लिए कदम उठाना
  3. राष्ट्रीय महत्व के घोषित किए गए ऐतिहासिक महत्व के स्मारकों, स्थानों और वस्तुओं की रक्षा करना

नीचे दिए गए कूट का प्रयोग कर सही उत्तर चुनिए:

  1. केवल 2 और 3
  2. केवल 2
  3. 1, 2 और 3
  4. केवल 1 और 2

Explanation:

  • The 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 added four new Directive Principles to the original list. They require the State:
  • To secure opportunities for healthy development of children (Article 39).
  • To promote equal justice and to provide free legal aid to the poor (Article 39 A).
  • To take steps to secure the participation of workers in the management of industries (Article 43 A).
  • To protect and improve the environment and to safeguard forests and wild life (Article 48 A)

Q) Consider the following statements.

  1. Vultures not only keep our environment free of carcasses but also help control disease outbreak.
  2. The main reason for the decline in the vulture population in India is the use of the drug, diclofenac.
  3. All states in India have setup vulture breeding centres under the Action Plan for Vulture Conservation for 2020-2025.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें।

  1. गिद्ध न केवल हमारे पर्यावरण को शवों से मुक्त रखते हैं बल्कि बीमारी के प्रकोप को नियंत्रित करने में भी मदद करते हैं।
  2. भारत में गिद्धों की आबादी में गिरावट का मुख्य कारण डाइक्लोफेनाक नामक दवा का उपयोग है।
  3. 2020-2025 के लिए गिद्ध संरक्षण की कार्य योजना के तहत भारत के सभी राज्यों में गिद्ध प्रजनन केंद्र स्थापित किए गए हैं।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1 और 2
  2. केवल 2 और 3
  3. केवल 1 और 3
  4. 1, 2 और 3

Explanation:

  • Vultures not only keep our environment free of carcasses but also help control disease outbreak.
  • India has nine species of vultures. Many are critically endangered. The main reason for the decline in the vulture population is the use of the drug, diclofenac. Diclofenac, which relieves cattle of pain, is toxic to vultures even in small doses and causes kidney failure and death.
  • Uttar Pradesh, Tripura, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu will get a vulture conservation and breeding centre each, according to the Action Plan for Vulture Conservation 2020-2025.

Q) Acid rain is mainly a by-product of a variety of human activities that emit the oxides of

  1. Carbon emitted by peat lands
  2. Mercury and lead compounds in water bodies
  3. Sulphur and nitrogen in the atmosphere
  4. Radioactive compounds in effluent discharge

अम्लीय वर्षा मुख्य रूप से विभिन्न प्रकार की मानवीय गतिविधियों का उपोत्पाद है जो के ऑक्साइड का उत्सर्जन करती है

  1. पीट भूमि द्वारा उत्सर्जित कार्बन
  2. जल निकायों में पारा और सीसा यौगिक
  3. वातावरण में सल्फर और नाइट्रोजन
  4. बहिःस्राव निर्वहन में रेडियोधर्मी यौगिक
  • Burning of fossil fuels (which contain sulphur and nitrogenous matter) such as coal and oil in power stations and furnaces or petrol and diesel in motor engines produce sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides.
  • SO2 and NO2 after oxidation and reaction with water are major contributors to acid rain, because polluted air usually contains particulate matter that catalyze the oxidation.
  • These lead to formation of acid rain that has deleterious effect on the overall ecology of the region.

Mains Practice Question:

Q) Do you agree that MGNREGA scheme has been able to address the issue of rural distress ? (150 words)

क्या आप सहमत हैं कि मनरेगा योजना ग्रामीण संकट के मुद्दे का समाधान करने में सक्षम है? (150 शब्द)

Introduction: 

  • The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) guarantees 100 days of work a year to every rural household with an aim to enhance the livelihood security of people.
  • It is the only employment guarantee program run by the government. Considered as one of the biggest social welfare programmes in the world the programme has lifted lakhs of people out of poverty, though many lacunas still exist in it.

Body: 

  • Employment: MGNREGA is the biggest single public works programme in the world. According to the World Bank, it provides employment to around one in every six Indian families. Last year, about 235 crore person-days of work were generated under the scheme. The Act for the first time brings the role of the state as provider of livelihood which has led to economic emancipation of rural people from distress.
  • Financial inclusion: The programme has led to empowerment of the rural poor and led to financial inclusion due to rise in rural wages and prevention of urban migration. Payment through bank accounts has led to financial inclusion of many.
  • Women empowerment: Out of the total jobs created so far, the percentage of hours put in by women has increased steadily, much above the statutory minimum of 33% to 57%.
  • Empowerment of marginal section: According to the Rural Development Ministry, out of all the workers benefited under the scheme, the percentage of Scheduled Caste workers has consistently been about 20% and of Scheduled Tribe workers has been about 17%. Due to this their condition has improved leading to their upliftment.
  • Rural transformation: MGNREGA is said to have changed the face of whole rural labour and rural India. In places where it was effectively implemented, it empowered people, and in places where it was not implemented effectively, it gave powers to labourers to demand higher wages. It has given dignity to them and has acted as a market mechanism.

Issues with MGNREGA:

  1. Delay in wages: The Union Ministry of Rural Development withholds wage payments for workers of states that do not meet administrative requirements within the stipulated time period.
  2. Low wage rate: Currently, MGNREGA wage rates of many states are less than the corresponding state minimum wages. Various judgements have upheld that the MGNREGA wage rate cannot be less than the minimum agricultural wage rate of the state.
  3. Funding: MGNREGA’s success at the ground level is subject to proper and uninterrupted fund flow to the states.

Conclusion:

  • It is important to substantially increase the budget for programmes such as MGNREGA. This would lead to higher disposable income for the poor and have positive multiplier effects in the economy.Timely payment of wages and an increase in wage would help many rural people to come out of distress.

Mains Practice Question:

Q) What do you understand by Asian Century? Explain and discuss what are the opportunities for India amidst the growing significance of Asia.(150 words)

एशियन सेंचुरी से आप क्या समझते हैं? व्याख्या करें और चर्चा करें कि एशिया के बढ़ते महत्व के बीच भारत के लिए क्या अवसर हैं। (150 शब्द)

The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 5 November 2022

UPSC Mains Result 2022

Sharing is caring!

Download your free content now!

Congratulations!

We have received your details!

We'll share General Studies Study Material on your E-mail Id.

Download your free content now!

We have already received your details!

We'll share General Studies Study Material on your E-mail Id.

Incorrect details? Fill the form again here

General Studies PDF

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.