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The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 30 September 2022


The Hindu Newspaper Analysis for UPSC


legal abortion care
legal abortion care
legal abortion care
legal abortion care

The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 29 September 2022

  • Bench says prohibiting single women with pregnancies up to 24 weeks from accessing abortion while allowing married women with the same term to get the care amounted to discrimination; artificial distinction is not constitutionally sustainable.
  • In a historic judgment, the Supreme Court on Thursday declared that single women with pregnancies between 20 and 24 weeks are entitled to access the same safe and legal abortion care as married women.
  • The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, 1971 prohibits unmarried women who are between 20 and 24 weeks’ pregnant to abort with the help of registered doctors.
  • Registered medical doctors are exempt from disclosing to the police the identity of minors who have come in for abortion, the Supreme Court directed in a judgment on Wednesday.
  • Registered medical doctors are exempt from disclosing to the police the identity of minors who have come in for abortion, the Supreme Court directed in a judgment on Wednesday.
  • A registered medical practitioner (RMP) is obliged under Section 19(1) of the POCSO Act to report to the police when a minor approaches him or her for an abortion.


Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act,1971
Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act,1971
  • The Central law on abortion, The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act,1971 (MTP Act), allows termination of pregnancy for all women in the first 20 weeks on the opinion of a registered medical practitioner. However, only certain categories of women are allowed termination between 20-24 weeks under certain circumstances.
  • Rule 3B of Rules annexed to the MTP Act, which was amended in 2021, specify seven categories of women who are eligible for termination between 20-24 weeks. These are: survivors of sexual assault or rape or incest; minors; those who have a change of marital status during the ongoing pregnancy (widowhood and divorce); women with physical disabilities; mentally ill women; women carrying malformed foetus that has substantial risk of being incompatible with life; and women with pregnancy in humanitarian settings or disaster or emergency situations as may be declared by the government.

About Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012:

  1. It was enacted to protect the children from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography with due regard for safeguarding the interest and well-being of children.
  2. It was amended in August 2019 to provide more stringent punishment, including the death penalty, for sexual crimes against children.
  3. It defines a child as any person below eighteen years of age and regards the best interests and welfare of the child as a matter of paramount importance at every stage, to ensure the healthy physical, emotional, intellectual and social development of the child.
  4. It deems a sexual assault to be “aggravated” under certain circumstances, such as when the abused child is mentally ill or when the abuse is committed by a person in a position of trust or authority like a family member, police officer, teacher, or doctor.
  5. It also casts the police in the role of child protectors during the investigative process.
  6. The Act stipulates that a case of child sexual abuse must be disposed of within one year from the date the offence is reported.
50 exclusive and iconic heritage textile crafts of the country
50 exclusive and iconic heritage textile crafts of the country
  • UNESCO on Thursday released a list of 50 exclusive and iconic heritage textile crafts of the country. Toda embroidery and Sungadi from Tamil Nadu, Himroo from Hyderabad, and Bandha tie and dye from Sambalpur in Odisha were some of the textiles that made the cut.
  • Some of the iconic handcrafted textiles documented from north India are Khes from Panipat, Chamba rumals from Himachal Pradesh, Thigma or wool tie and dye from Ladakh, and Awadh Jamdani from Varanasi.
  • From the south, Ilkal and Lambadi or Banjara embroidery from Karnataka, Sikalnayakanpet Kalamkari from Thanjavur have been included.
  • Kunbi weaves from Goa, Mashru weaves and Patola from Gujarat, Himroo from Maharashtra and Garad-Koirial from West Bengal also find a place among the 50 iconic textiles.

Bengaluru’s flooding
Bengaluru’s flooding
  • Various analyses now attribute Bengaluru’s flooding to more rainfall — in the future, it is expected to increase to an average of 1,000 mm per annum from the current 650 mm per annum — and unplanned, overcrowded growth that is destroying the greenery, tanks and wetlands.
  • Clearly, we must decongest the city, plant more trees, save wetlands, even reclaim them, desilt drains, enlarge sewers, deconcretise pavements and stop the clogging of waterways with unsegregated garbage.
paediatric cardiac care
paediatric cardiac care
  • It is overwhelming for parents to be told that their child may have heart defects. It is worse when the child does not get treated in time due to lack of paediatric cardiac care in the vicinity of his/her home.
  • The lack of a national policy for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases in children keeps a huge number outside the ambit of treatment.
  • There are 22 hospitals and less than 50 centres in India with infant and neonatal cardiac services.
  • For 600 districts with a 1.4 billion population, there are only 250 paediatric cardiologists available.
  • Nothing seems to have changed, and as another World Heart Day (September 29) has passed by, we need to act fast to help India’s many children in need.
81-mark to a record low
81-mark to a record low
  • Last week, the rupee weakened against the dollar past the 81-mark to a record low. In recent months, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has been intervening in the forex market to smoothen the decline.
  • With the RBI dipping into its kitty for this purpose, Indian foreign exchange reserves have fallen by about $94 billion in 12 months to about $545 billion until mid-September.
degree of privacy
degree of privacy
  • Social media companies, however big they were, have to comply with the laws of India and ‘have to treat Indian citizens with an equal degree of privacy’, the government tells Supreme Court.

Right to Privacy

  • About:
    • Generally understood that privacy is synonymous with the right to be let alone.
    • The Supreme Court described privacy and its importance in the landmark decision of S. Puttaswamy v. Union of Indiain 2017.
    • The right to privacy is protected as an intrinsic part of the right to life and personal liberty under Article 21 and as a part of the freedoms guaranteed by Part III of the Constitution.
  • Restrictions (as stated in the Judgement):
    • The right may be restricted only by state action that passes each of the three tests:
      • First, such state action must have a legislative mandate.
      • Second, it must be pursuing a legitimate state purpose, and
      • Third, it must be proportionate i.e., such state action- both in its nature and extent, must be necessary in a democratic society and the action ought to be the least intrusive of the available alternatives to accomplish the ends.
draft of the Indian Telecommunication Bill
draft of the Indian Telecommunication Bill
  • The Ministry of Communications released a draft of the Indian Telecommunication Bill, 2022 last week for public comments.
  • The draft is an attempt by the government to update the extant regulatory framework in keeping with the advancements and challenges in the sector.
  • The current draft of the Bill expands the definition of “telecommunication services” to include OTT communication services.
  • As a consequence of this, OTT telecommunication services may be subject to the same licensing conditions as TSPs.
  • If the OTT communication services are required to obtain the same licence, they would also be subject to a number of conditions such as maintaining ‘know your customer’ details of their users, adhering to certain encryption regulations and allowing lawful access to the government of their equipment and networks.

Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF):

  • USOF ensures that there is universal non-discriminatory access to quality ICT (Information and Communications Technology) services at economically efficient prices to people in rural and remote areas.
  • It was created under the Ministry of Communications in 2002.
  • It is a non-lapsable fund, i.e., the unspent amount under a targeted financial year does not lapse and is accrued for next years’ spending.
  • All credits to this fund require parliamentary approval and it has statutory support under Indian Telegraph (Amendment) Act, 2003.

The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 1 October 2022

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