- Chaos in the region makes Egypt’s counter-terror task more challenging
- Friday- Sufi mosque-killed at least 305
- Egypt faces from a stronger and more brutish Islamist militancy
- Local arm of the Islamic State
- IS’s strategy in Egypt is similar to that in Syria and Iraq.
- Group is targeting Christians, who make up about 10%
- Egypt’s Sinai- historically neglected
- Egyptian Islamists- returned home
- The Egyptian government also needs to take steps to address the long-term grievances of the Sinai’s population.
- Amendments aim to keep-out such persons
1)-Who have wilfully defaulted,
3)-Addition to putting in place restrictions for such persons to participate in
the resolution or liquidation process
- Becoming an instrument of blunt force that hurts more than it helps.
- Not all bad loans are a result of mala •de intent on the borrower’s part.
- In cases, companies have ended up struggling to service debt as a result of unpredictable external factors- adversely impacted operations and financials
- Steel companies were among the worst hit in the wake of
• 1-Global downturn in commodity prices
• 2)-Depressed demand
- Centre may have ended up, unintentionally, throwing the baby out
with the bathwater(नहानेका पानी).
Locked out, without a GI tag
- Law of Geographical Indications (GIs) is linked to the terroir, that is the
quality of a product is essentially attributable to the territory where
product originates from.
- GIs support local production and important rural and tribal communities
Unlike Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) which guarantee individual interest
GI is a collective right.
- India implemented GI in 1999, a prime reason being its obligation to have
a law on GI as a member of the World Trade Organisation-Trade Related
Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (WTO-TRIPS)
- Politics behind the incorporation of GI in TRIPS
- United States was not a supporter of GI, it was lobbying by the EU that
ensured its inclusion in TRIPS.
- The EU already had its domestic mechanisms in place to protect GIs
and was keen to protect its products in international markets.
- Proprietor of GI relating to wines and spirits does not have to prove that
incorrect use of the geographic origin is misleading as well.
- India has failed to introspect(आत्मननरीक्षण) on its own domestic legislation.
- Important to highlight the shortcomings of the Indian GI Act.
- Against this backdrop, proof of origin is a mandatory criterion for registering GIs in India.
- This provision is borrowed from the EU’s regulations on GI protection.
- Historic proof in the form of documentary evidence (gazetteers, documents,
news articles, advertisement materials).
- Including such a provision in our law as there was no mandate under TRIPs
to do so.
- Documentary evidence as proof of origin may be a foolproof mechanism
to ensure the link between the product and territory
- Northeast where oral history has had far wider convention over
written history, this provision will prove to be a formidable hurdle.
- Assam -One such example is a traditional rice wine called ‘Judima’ which is
made by Dimasa tribe of Dima Hasao, one of the autonomous hill districts.
- Difficulty in gathering documentary evidence as proof of origin.
- It is the same case with many other products from the Northeast
- Judima’, word ‘Ju’ stands for drink and ‘Dima’ for Dimasas, but the absenceof any documentary proof makes the case a difficult one to prove.
- What is rationality behind including and retaining such provisions in law?
- For most products, especially those of tribal communities
- India faced difficulties patent case involving turmeric when two scientists
of the University of Mississippi Medical Centre, were granted U.S. patent
for the use of turmeric in wound(घाव) healing.
- India Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), which opposed this
, was asked by U.S. Patent and Trademark to submit documentary evidence
of usage of turmeric for healing purposes in India in order to revoke patent
- CSIR was compelled to launch a project of translating ancient Sanskrit texts
which were later produced as evidence, and accepted
- So, what happens in cases such where a written history is rare?
- The GI authorities should amend the existing provision.
A toolkit to think local
- A team of over 250 scientists and others from around 100 institutions who
are part of the India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative has analysed
and described these trends for every State from 1990 to 2016.
- Its report was released by the Vice President of India
- Policymakers in India need reliable disease burden data at sub national levels
- Planning based on local trends can improve health of populations effectively.
- Inequalities among States
- Per person disease burden, has dropped in India by 36% from 1990 to 201
- But there are major inequalities among States
- Worse in the major northern poor States and Assam
- air pollution levels in India are among highest world,making it second leading
risk factor in 2016, responsible for 10% of total disease burden in country
2)-Chronic respiratory diseases,
- Group of risks that include
2)-High blood pressure,
3)-High blood sugar,
4)-High cholesterol and overweight,
- This new knowledge base and the annual updates planned by
the India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative will provide important inputs
for the data-driven and decentralised health planning and monitoring recom
mended by National Health Policy 2017 and the NITI Aayog Action Agenda
Prelims Focus Facts-News Analysis
- Page-1- Humanity must unite to fight terrorism, says Modi
- ‘Country can never forget the sacrifice of 26/11 victims’
- Pak. will be isolated: Jaitley
- Targeting Pakistan for the release of 26/11 attack mastermind Hafi•z Saeed,
Union Minister Arun Jaitley said in Surat that a nation that supported terror
would not •find a place on the world stage.
- Page-10– PM lays stress on balance of power
- Paying homage to the members of the Constituent Assembly on the occasion
- of National Law Day(26 nov) on Sunday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said
the balance of power among the executive, the legislature and
the judiciary had been the backbone of the Constitution.
- Nepal’s historic polls see 65% turnout
- Digital discount: rise in compliance burden feared
- GST Council’s proposal to o•er a 2% discount may spur digital payments but would necessitate changes in the GST returns process
- Will help Apple set up facility in India: Centre
- Commerce and Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu said Centre would support
iPhone-maker Apple to set up a manufacturing unit in country and is awaiting
a formal proposal from them.
- India’s most successful campaign in the World youth women’s boxing championship became even sweeter as all its •five boxers in the •finals bagged gold medals at the
N.C. Bordoloi Indoor Stadium