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The Hindu Editorial News Analysis 20th Dec 2017

Artificial Intelligence (AI)-Interview

  • Juergen Schmidhuber, 54, is a computer scientist who works on Artificial Intelligence (AI).
  • Artificial intelligence is intelligence displayed by machines, in contrast with the natural intelligence displayed by humans and other animals
  • My goal to build a general purpose AI that can learn to do multiple things.
  • It must learn the learning algorithm itself (that can help it master chess as well as drive a car, for instance)
  • 90s, there was a self-teaching neural network by IBM
  • Brain has a hundred billion neurons and each is connected to 10,000 others.
  • That’s a million-billion connections and each of them has a ‘strength’ that indicates how much one neuron influences another -Long Short-Term Memory?

Transit gambit(पहला क़दम)

  • The Centre needs to do more to ease the shift to e-way bills for transport of goods
  • e-way bills for transport of goods- Starting February 1, all inter-State movement of goods
    worth over •50,000 will be tracked with the introduction of the e-way bill system under GST
  • All…consignments moving more than 10 km from their origin will require prior registration
    and generation of an e-way bill through the GST Network
  • Which will be valid for varying durations depending on the distance travelled.
  • All States must implement the bill system for capturing intra-State trade by June 1
  • Therefore, a fully integrated tracking system for all taxable goods can be expected only then.
  • Inter-State movement of goods was also tracked under the VAT (value-added tax) regime,
    but intra-State transactions were not
  • Over 150 items of common use, including LPG cylinders, vegetables, foodgrain and jewellery, will be exempt from such transport permits, which can be checked by designated tax officials
  • In October, the GST Council had decided to introduce e-way bills in a staggered manner from January 1, with a nationwide roll-out on April 1, 2018
  • Advance the implementation of e-way bills- just two days after polling closed in Gujarat

Prelims Focus Facts-News Analysis

  • Page-1– China a threat, India an ally: Trump
  • U.S. security strategy hails New Delhi’s emergence as a ‘leading global power
  • China slams U.S. strategy as ‘Cold War mentality
  • Centre wants GST on fuel: Jaitley
  • FM ,however, says a consensus among States is required before taking such a step
  • Parliament gives nod to IIM Bill
  • Parliament on Tuesday unanimously passed a Bill to grant the Indian Institutes of
    Management the power to grant degrees instead of post-graduate diplomas.
  • Bill also allows students to acquire doctoral degrees from the IIMs.
  • Bill, passed by the Lok Sabha earlier, was passed by the Rajya Sabha on Tuesday
  • ‘230% increase in ceasefire violations’
  • In 2017, Pakistan violated cease•re 771 times along the LoC while the •figure stood at
    228 last year
  • Ola buys Foodpanda’s India business

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