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Tajikistan’s Concerns About Afghanistan Crisis – Free PDF Download

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The Location

Tajikistan in a spot of bother..!!

  1. Porous Border & Refugee crisis
  • Tajikistan lies on Afghanistan’s northeastern border, adjacent to the Afghan provinces of Badakhshan, Takhar, Kunduz and Balkh. The 1200-km border is also home to the junction between the Hindu Kush and Karakoram Mountains, and is characterised by its rocky, inhospitable terrain.
  • Tajikistan has already announced that it can accept up to 100,000 refugees from Afghanistan.
  1. Porous border & Drug Trafficking
  • Significant quantities of illegal opium passes from Afghanistan to Europe through Tajikistan.
  • Tajikistan has already a considerably high rate of drug abuse and with Taliban coming to power (who derive most of their funding from opium) the problem will be compounded.
  • Tajikistan in a spot of bother..!!
  1. Porous Border & Extremism
  • It is said that there are 10,000-15,000 Taliban militants across the Afghan-Tajik border, many of whom have cross-border connections.
  • Dushanbe will face a serious threat of rise in extremism caused by the dominance of the Taliban.
  1. Presidency of Emomali Rahmon
  • Emomali Rahmon has been leading Tajikistan since 1994. He heads an authoritarian regime in Tajikistan with elements of a cult of personality. Political opponents are repressed, violations of human rights and freedoms are severe, elections are not free and fair, and corruption and nepotism are rampant.
  • Note: Rahmon has won presidency elections in 1999, 2006, 2013 & Oct 2020.
  1. Threat of civil war
  • Islamic Renaissance Party (IRP) which has been opposing the ruling communist leader of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon, may rejuvenate again following the ascendency of Taliban.
  • A brutal civil war emerged between the IRP and the Rahmon government which lasted from 1992 to 1997 around the same time Taliban took control in in Afghanistan first time around.

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