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Strategic Importance Of Kailash Range – Burning Issues – Free PDF Download


The News

  • The eighth round of Corps Commander-level talks between India and China were held recently in Chushul.
  • What happened after Talks?
    • Both sides gave diplomatic statements to carry the process forward as per the consensus reached between the leaders of the two countries.
  • However, it is presumed that status quo would continue indefinitely.

The Problem in Discussion

  • Chinese Claims
    • India secured the dominating heights on the Kailash Range on the night of 29/30 August 2020.
    • In the earlier sixth and seventh round of military talks, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) had said that disengagement must begin with our withdrawal from the Kailash Range.
    • Chinese alleged that India has ‘altered the status quo’.
    • China has remained ambiguous with respect to disengagement in the Depsang Plains and north of Pangong Tso. China claims that it owns these territories based on the 1959 Claim Line.

Closer look

The Problem in Discussion

  • India’s Claim
    • India completely rejects, the 1959 Claim Line and claims that China unilaterally altered the status of the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
    • India says, it has only moved up to the LAC to preempt the People’s Liberation Army’s (PLA) planning to alter the status quo. India further insisted on an all-encompassing status quo ante agreement.

Chinese Intentions

  • China eyeing Kaailash Range
    • Surprise development
      • Media has been abuzz that an ‘agreement’ has been reached for disengagement along the Kailash range and north of Pangong Tso during the eighth round of talks.
      • It is believed that, it is a “quid pro quo” agreement for the PLA to withdraw east of Finger 8 (north of Pangong Tso) and India withdrawing from the Kailash Range.
      • However, there is no mention of any disengagement in the Depsang Plains.

Kailash Range (Chunshul) – Bone of contention

  • History of Conflict
    • 1962: India and China fought for the control of the Kailash Range.
      • Chinese 1959 Claim Line passes over the crest of the Kailash Range.
    • 1962: Indian army psychologically collapsed and abandoned the Kailash Range and Chushul Sector.
    • Now that, we have gained advantage in Kailash range, why do we need to withdraw from it now.
  • The advise
  • We Must Not Withdraw From Kailash Range – Lt Gen H S Panag (Retd)
    • The Kailash Range gives us the same strategic advantage which China has in DBO(Daulat Beg Oldi) Sector.
    • We must develop the required infrastructure to man it permanently.
    • We shamefully abandoned the Kailash Range in 1962. Today we must not pull back from it merely to declare a political victory.




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