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Who is Hafiz Saeed?

  • Hafiz Muhammad Saeed is a Pakistani Islamic terrorist who is a co-founder of Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and the chief of Jama’at-ud-Da’wah (JuD), operating mainly from Pakistan.
  • Hafiz Saeed is listed on the NIA Most Wanted list and UN designated terrorist.
  • India has banned his organisations LeT and JuD as terrorist organisations.
  • US has a bounty of $10m on his capture.

The Background

  • Hafiz Muhammad Saeed was born in a family of Sargodha, Punjab in Pakistan. His family had migrated from East Punjab and reached Pakistan after Partition.
  • A major early influence on his life and ideology was his maternal uncle Hafiz Abdullah Bahawalpuri who held that democracy was incompatible with Islam.

The Radicalization

  • Saeed graduated from university of Sargodha.
  • After graduation in 1974, Hafiz Saeed was appointed lecturer at the University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore in the Islamiat department.
  • Later he went for higher studies to Saudi Arabia and became intimate with the infamous Saudi scholar, Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Baz.
    • Note: Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Baz issues fatwa of jihad in Afganistan in 1979
    • Saeed joined the training camp of Abdur Rasul Sayyaf in Afghanistan, where he linked up with the teacher of Osama bin Laden, Abdullah Azzam. He met Bin laden several times.
  • In 1990, he helped setup Lashkar-e-Taiba with assistance of ISI.

The Return to Pakistan

  • LeT under Saeed became a well-known jihadi outfit in the region, boasting of 1,100 martyrs and fight for Kashmir by 2001.
  • In 2003 the LeT was banned. It then became Jamaat-ud-Dawa and devoted itself to serving al Qaeda as a coordinating agency with networks in Pakistan.
    • 2003: Bin Laden’s ally, Abu Zubaydah, was caught in Faisalabad from a safe house of Hafiz Saeed.

The Culprit

  • 2001: Parliament attack
  • 2006: Train bombings in Mumbai
  • 2008: Mumbai attacks
    • Note:
      • US had arrested Saeed in 2001, but released later. Pakistan had termed this illegal detention.
      • 2009: Pakistan placed Saeed under house arrest but all charges were later quashed.

Pakistan – A Safe Haven

  • Saeed’s Jamaat-ud-dawah has been active in Pakistan for years now.
  • It is said that Saeed’s LeT & JUD run stealth courts all over Pakistan based on Sharia law.
  • In fact, in 2018, during the time of the Pakistan national elections, Saeed had entered the political arena, floating a political party named ‘Milli Muslim League’.

Recent development

 

Why was he arrested?

 

Real Arrest or Drama?

 

 

 

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