What has happened?
- According to several tribal leaders from Jharkhand, the word ‘Johar’ also means ‘paying respect’.
- Just like Namaskar, “Johar” is also used along with folded hands to greet people, or in case of elders, by touching their feet.
- Tribal communities are nature worshippers and follow Sarna religion code, although it is not an official religion.
- “Juhar” is also one of the rituals of Nuakhai, an agricultural festival celebrated to welcome the new crop.
- It is a combination of two words – ‘nua’ means ‘new’ and ‘khai’ means ‘to eat’.
Which tribal communities uses the word Johar?
- There are 32 tribal communities in Jharkhand who speak different dialects.
- Almost all, including tribal Christians, use the word ‘Johar’ along with some other words for salutation.
- Johar, is predominantly used by Santhali, Munda and Ho communities that share some similarities.
- People belonging to the Oraon community use the word ‘Jai Dharam’, apart from Johar, as a salutation.
Any other form of Johar salutation?
- There are at least four types.
- One of them is ‘Doboh Johar’, which is used between people where one among them has a higher standing.
- Ratan Tikrey, a former member of Tribes Advisory Council (TAC) said that in ‘Doboh Johar’ there is a ritual where the person with a tumbler full of water bows in front of the person of higher standing.
- “The person who bows will touch the earth and in return the other person will wash his/her hand (using water in the tumbler) and let the water drop on the earth.
- The entire exercise means that the hospitality being shown has been accepted.”
Q) The ‘Bhagat Movement’ took place in which Indian state?
- West Bengal