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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | 6th April 19 | Download PDF

MCQ 1
 Which of the following statement is correct about ‘Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967’
 1) Act deals with unlawful activities of both individual and associations.
 2) A person can be booked under it, if his/her activities causes disaffection among citizens, against India.
 Answer using the codes given below
(A) Only 1
(B) Only 2
(C) Both
(D) None

  • Both statements are correct. Act cover “unlawful activity”, in relation to an individual or association.
  • Under act, “unlawful activity”, in relation to an individual or association, also include activities which causes or is intended to cause disaffection against India.

MCQ 2

  1. National Policy on Software Products, 2019’ , aims to a ten-fold increase in India share of the Global Software product market by 2025.
  2. It will create pool of professionals and will give indirect employment opportunity only

 choose correct
(A) Only 1
(B) Only 2
(C) Both
(D)None

To achieve the vision of NPSP-2019, the Policy has the following five Missions:

  1. To promote the creation of a sustainable Indian software product industry, driven by intellectual property (IP), leading to a ten-fold increase in India share of the Global Software product market by 2025.
  2. To nurture 10,000 technology startups in software product industry, including 1000 such technology startups in Tier-II and Tier-III towns & cities and generating direct and in-direct employment for 3.5 million people by 2025.
  3. To create a talent pool for software product industry through (i) up-skilling of 1,000,000 IT professionals, (ii) motivating 100,000 school and college students and (iii) generating 10,000 specialized professionals that can provide leadership.
  4. To build a cluster-based innovation driven ecosystem by developing 20 sectoral and strategically located software product development clusters having integrated ICT infrastructure, marketing, incubation, R&D/testbeds and mentoring support.
  5. In order to evolve and monitor scheme & programmes for the implementation of this policy, National Software Products Mission will be set up with participation from Government, Academia and Industry.

MCQ 3
Government has recently approved National Mineral Policy 2019, in this regard consider the following statements
 1) Policy has provision for creation of dedicated mineral corridors to boost private sector mining areas.
2) Policy aims to strengthen the role of Public Sector Units in the mining sector by providing government funding to them.
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
 (A) Only 1
(B) Only 2
(C) Both
(D) None

  • The National Mineral Policy 2019 includes provisions which will give boost to mining sector such as
  1. 1. Introduction of right of first refusal for RP/PL holders,
  2. 2. Encouraging the private sector to take up exploration,
  3. Auctioning in virgin areas for composite RP cum PL cum ML on revenue share basis,
  4. Encouragement of merger and acquisition of mining entities and
  5. Transfer of mining leases and creation of dedicated mineral corridors to boost private sector mining areas.
  6. The 2019 policy proposes to grant status of industry to mining activity to boost financing of mining for private sector and for acquisitions of mineral assets in other countries by private sector
  7. It also mentions that long term import export policy for mineral will help private sector in better planning and stability in business
  8. The policy also mentions rationalize reserved areas given to PSUs which have not been used and to put these areas to auction, which will give more opportunity to private sector for participation
  9. The policy also mentions to make efforts to harmonize taxes, levies & royalty with world benchmarks to help private sector

MCQ 4 – Smart India Hackathon 2019, is a nationwide initiative to

  1. Evolving innovative ideas for election process
  2. It involves ministries and state govts too

 Choose correct
A) Only 1
 (B) Only 2
(C) Both
(D)None

An initiative by Ministry of HRD through AICTE

  • Smart India Hackathon 2019 is a nationwide initiative to provide students a platform to solve some of pressing problems we face in our daily lives, and thus inculcate a culture of product innovation and a mindset of problem solving.
  • The last edition of the hackathon saw over 5 million+ students from various engineering colleges compete for the top prize at 35+ locations.
  • In SIH 2019, the students would also have the opportunity to work on challenges faced within the private sector organisations and create world class solutions for some of the top companies in the world, thus helping the Private sector hire the best minds from across the nation.

 MCQ 5 – El nino phenomenon is related to

  1. Mozambique current
  2. Somalian current
  3. Humbolt current
  4. Labrador current

UPSC Highlights of UPSC Result 2018

  •  The Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2018 was conducted on 3rdJune, 2018. 10,65,552 candidates applied for this examination, out of which 4,93,972 candidates actually appeared.
  • A total of 10,468 candidates qualified for appearance in the Written (Main) Examination which was held in Sep – Oct, 2018.
  • A total of 1994 candidates qualified for the Personality Test conducted in Feb – Mar, 2019. A total of 759 candidates (577 men and 182 women) have been recommended by the Commission for appointment to various Services.
  •  Shri Kanishak Kataria (Roll No. 1133664) has topped the Civil Services Examination, 2018. He belongs to SC Category. He qualified the examination with Mathematics as his optional subject. He has graduated with B. Tech (Computer Science& Engineering) degree from IIT, Bombay.
  •  Ms. Srushti Jayant Deshmukh (Roll No. 0404032) is the topper among the women candidates securing an overall Fifth rank. She has graduated with B.E.(Chemical Engineering) from Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal.
  • The top 25 candidates comprise 15men and 10 women.
  •  Educational qualification-wise the top 25 candidates belong to subjects like Engineering; Sciences; Economics; Law; Mathematics; History; Political Science; Public administration and Commerce graduating from premier Institutions of the country such as IITs, NIT, NLU, BITS Pilani, DU, Mumbai University, Anna University, Pune University, etc.
  • Optional subjects of the top 25 candidates in the examination ranged from Anthropology, Chemistry, Commerce & Accountancy, Geography, Law, Maths, History, Political Science & International Relations, Public Administration, Psychology, Sociology, and English Literature.
  • The recommended candidates also include 36 Persons with Benchmark Disability (11 Orthopedically Handicapped; 12 Visually Challenged, 11 Hearing Impaired& 02 Multiple Disability).

 NITI Aayog

  •  NITI Aayog & RMI Release Technical Analysis of FAME II Scheme
  •  Report looks at potential saving in areas of energy, oil and carbon emissions
  • The NITI Aayog and the Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) released a report on opportunities for the automobile sector and government under the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles II (FAME II) scheme.
  •  The technical report titled ‘India’s Electric Mobility Transformation: Progress to Date and Future Opportunities’, quantifies the direct oil and carbon savings that the vehicles incentivized under FAME II will deliver.
  • RMI is an Indian and global non profit organization focused on driving the efficient and restorative use of resources.
  • The report also quantifies the catalytic effect that FAME II and other measures could have on the overall Electric Vehicle(EV) market. According to the analysis, if FAME II and other measures – in public and private space – are successful, India could realize EV sales penetration of 30% of private cars, 70% of commercial cars, 40% of buses and 80% of two and three-wheelers by 2030.
  • Extrapolating from the same, the lifetime cumulative oil and carbon savings of all electric vehicles deployed through 2030 could be many-fold larger than the direct savings from FAME II. For example, achieving these levels of market share by 2030 could generate cumulative savings of 846 million tonnes of CO2 over the total deployed vehicles’ lifetime.
  •  The FAME II scheme, which was notified by the Union Cabinet in February 2019, aims to further accelerate the government of India’s commitment to a clean mobility future, sees the electrification of transportation as a primary focus area.
  •  FAME II intends to catalyze the market for faster adoption of EVs to ensure durable economic growth and global competitiveness for India’s automotive industry.

Key Highlights From The Report:

  • Effects of FAME II will go beyond the vehicles that are eligible under the FAME II
  • There is considerable energy and CO2 savings associated with the two, three, and fourwheeled vehicles and buses covered by FAME II over their lifetime, as well as the potential savings associated with greater adoption levels by 2030
  • The electric buses covered under FAME II will account for 3.8 billion vehicle kilometers travelled (e-vkt) over their lifetime
  • In order to capture the potential opportunity in 2030, batteries must remain a key focal point as they will continue to be the key cost driver of EVs.
  • Vehicles eligible under FAME II scheme can cumulatively save 5.4 million tonnes of oil equivalent over their lifetime worth Rs 17.2 thousand crores.
  • EVs sold through 2030 could cumulatively save 474 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe) worth INR 15 lakh crore and generate net CO2 savings of 846 million tonnes over their operational lifetime. • India needs auto industry’s active participation to ease electric mobility transition. The auto and battery industries could collaborate to enhance customer awareness, promote domestic manufacturing, promote new business models, conduct R&D for EVs and components, consider new business models to promote EVs
  • Government should focus on a phased manufacturing plan to promote EVs, provide fiscal and non-fiscal incentives for phased manufacturing of EVs and batteries. Different government departments can consider a bouquet of potential policies, such as congestion pricing, ZEV credits, low emission/exclusion zones, parking policies, etc. to drive adoption of EVs.
  • India’s electric vehicle market is poised for growth with a blend of policies, such as FAME II, and the automotive industry’s willingness to provide new mobility solutions to the citizens of the country. Such a transformation will create enormous economic, social and environmental benefits for the citizens of India.

 Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs

  • Sustainable development by optimal harnessing of scarce resources of water, air, energy, land, biodiversity and use of new technologies need of the hour: Durga Shanker Mishra
  • CPWD organizes National Seminar on “Greenery and Landscaping”
  • Green Urban Areas play an important role in the social and natural sustainability and improve quality of life. This was the focus of a National Seminar on “Greenery and Landscaping” organized by the Central Public Works Department (CPWD) here today, as a part of its continued effort for green and clean sustainable development The Seminar was inaugurated by Shri Durga Shanker Mishra, Secretary, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
  •  Horticulturists, Architects and Engineers from within CPWD and from other Government and Private organizations participated in the Seminar.

Following recommendations were made during the Seminar :

  • Green Urban Areas play an important role in the social and natural sustainability and improve quality of life.
  • Greenery and Dense plantation have a major impact on the conservation of energy, and reduce the energy requirement of the building.
  • In order to maintain sustainable environment, pollution free clean air, it is essential to take up the plantation work.
  • Cost of land has increased manifold and high rise buildings are coming up, people are getting hardly any area for the greenery. Keeping in view the same, plantation, greenery and other environment friendly applications should be planned around the building by way of dwarf trees, small shrubs, ground covers, hanging baskets, creepers, etc.
  • There is need to adopt wood alternative in building construction. Use of alternate materials like Bamboo needs to be encouraged.
  • Orientation and proper training should be imparted to the persons engaged in landscaping and Horticulture, for implementation of the new technologies in this field to save the labour and cost of the project in long run.
  • Emphasis should be given for conserving and transplanting indigenous and grown up trees.
  • Herbal and medicinal plants need to be encourage. Herbal plants are useful for keeping the life healthy.
  • Application of Organic Manure needs to be adopted for healthy and nutritious food.
  • Water conserving irrigation method like drip irrigation, Sprinkler irrigation and pop up system needs to be adopted.
  • Plants and greenery help in reducing adverse effects of climate change. Therefore every individual should adopt minimum one tree.
  • Green initiative needs to be taken up on a mission mode by every nation, every city, every society and every individual so that future generations may lead happy and healthy life.

Ministry of Defence

  • Indian Navy signs MoU with Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) The Indian Navy and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) today inked a MoU to undertake joint research and development of advanced technologies for the Indian Navy. This will be a collaborative arrangement between labs of CSIR, the Indian Navy and Indian industry.
  • The Memorandum of Understanding was signed by Vice Admiral GS Pabby PVSM, AVSM, VSM Chief of Materiel of Indian Navy and Shri Shekhar C Mande, Secretary DSIR and Director General, CSIR. The event was attended by Directors of Seven CSIR Labs, Flag Officers and Heads of Directorates of Indian Navy and eminent scientists from distinguished CSIR Labs.
  • The MoU provides a formal framework for interaction between Indian Navy and CSIR. It would facilitate joint R&D activities in diverse fields of Mechanical, Electronics, Communication, Computer Science, Propulsion systems, Metallurgy and Nanotechnology.
  • Speaking on the occasion, Vice Admiral GS Pabby congratulated CSIR for its yeoman service to the nation in the field of Scientific Research and Development and noted some of the futuristic technology being developed, which could be used for enhancing operational availability and combat capabilities of Naval platforms.
  • Some of the immediate projects to be progressed under this MoU include development of alternative desalination technologies, installation of wireless MEMS based sensors for remote operation, Residual Life Assessment studies of Gas Turbine Generator blades to improve reliability.


 

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