Pesticide Banned: Highlights of the Meeting
- The meeting has recommended to put international trade of two pesticides — Iprodione and Terbufos, for “prior informed consent” (PIC) procedure under the Rotterdam Convention.
- PIC procedure is a mechanism for formally obtaining and disseminating the decisions of importing parties on their willingness to receive future shipments of hazardous chemicals.
- The Committee also recommended two pesticides for listing in Annex III to the Rotterdam Convention.
- Annex III includes pesticides and industrial chemicals that have been banned or severely restricted for health or environmental reasons by two or more parties.
- The Committee also recommended two other pesticides, paraquat and methyl bromide, to be listed in Annex III.
- A pesticide is any substance of chemical or biological origin intended for preventing or destroying any pest in agriculture, industry, public health, pest control operations, or for ordinary use.
- Pest as any species of animal, plant, or pathogenic agent that is unwanted, or injurious to plants, humans, animals, and the environment.
- Iprodione: It is a fungicide used on vines, fruits, trees and vegetables, has been classified as carcinogenic and toxic for reproduction.
- Terbufos: It is a soil insecticide used commonly on sorghum, maize, beet and potatoes. It has also been found to pose risk to aquatic organisms due to its toxicity.
- Both are known for their harmful impacts on human health and the environment.
Pesticide Banned: Global Scenario of Iprodione and Terbufos
- In the European Union, Iprodione was considered very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects and suspected of causing cancer. In the US and Australia too, it was suspected of causing cancer.
- In Mozambique, Iprodione was used as fungicide in vines, fruit trees and vegetables.
- Terbufos was used in Mozambique as insecticide on maize, sorghum, potato and beans.
- India: Use of these chemicals was permitted by the 2015 Anupam Verma committee report. India is among the largest exporters of Terbufos.
Pesticide Banned: About Anupam Varma Committee:
- The Anupam Varma Committee was constituted in 2013 to review the use of neonicotinoid pesticides in India and 66 Pesticides Banned or restricted in other countries but continued to be registered for use in India.
- The Committee recommended a ban on 13 extremely hazardous pesticides.
- Phasing out of six moderately hazardous ones by 2020.
Pesticide Banned: About Rotterdam Convention
- The Rotterdam Convention is an international agreement established to help nations make knowledgeable decisions about the trade in dangerous chemicals.
- It came into force in 2004.
- It is a legally enforceable document.
- In 2006, India joined the Convention.
- The Convention establishes a prior informed consent (“PIC”) procedure to ensure that restricted hazardous chemicals are not exported to countries that do not wish to receive them.
- The PIC procedure does not ban or restrict any chemicals, nor does it mean that any individual country must automatically prohibit their import.
- Parties to the convention implement the PIC procedure through extensive information exchange, priority attention to national decisions on imports, and obligations related to export controls.
- Objective: To promote shared responsibility and cooperative efforts among State Parties in the international trade of certain hazardous chemicals to protect human health and the environment from potential harm.