Why new rules?
- With the rise in banking fraud cases and thus to make digital payments using debit cards and credit cards more secure,
- The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued several new guidelines that will come intoeffect from today, 1 October 2020.
- At the time of issue / re-issue, all debit, credit cards shall be enabled for use-
- Only at ATMs and Point of Sale (PoS) devices within India.
- Before the notification, most banks issued cards that, by default, could be used anywhere in the world.
- If customers want to use their debit, credit cards outside India,
- They would need to request their banks for the facility.
For existing cards?
- For existing debit, credit cards,
- Issuers may take a decision, based on their risk perception,
- Whether to disable the card not present (domestic and international) transactions, card present (international) transactions and contactless transaction rights.
- All banks, card issuing companies have been asked by RBI to disable online payment for all debit, credit cards,
- That have never been used for online or for contactless transactions in India or abroad.
More preferences to the customers
- As per new rules, people will now be able to register for preferences,
- Auch as opt-in or opt-out services, spend limits and other services for online transactions, international transactions and contactless transactions.
- Users will have 24×7 access to switch ON/OFF or change all transaction limits via all available channels — Mobile application / internet banking / ATMs / Interactive Voice Response (IVR).
- Many banks have also been issuing cards based on near field communication (NFC) technology.
- A merchant doesn’t need to swipe such cards or insert them in the the point of sale terminal.
- These are also known as contactless cards.
- Card holders will also get the option to enable or disable the NFC feature also.
What about other cards?
- The new regulations apply to debit and credit card only.
- Prepaid gift cards or those used at mass transit systems (such as metro) are not covered under this.
- ATM skimming is a theft of card information
- A small device, known as a skimmer, is used to steal the information.
- These measures assume significance amid rising instances of cyber frauds, and will make debit, credit cards more secure and curb their misuse.
- These directions are issued under Section 10(2) of the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007.
Q) Which of the following statements regarding Contactless Payment are correct?
1- It is a secure method of transaction by using radio frequency identification (RFID) technology.
2- For such type of transaction, the card has to be at a minimum distance of 10 cm.
3- Transactions of upto ₹10,000 can be made through contactless payment.
- 1 only
- 1 & 2 only
- 2 only
- All of the above