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MUDRA Toolbox’ launched by ICMR in 5 Indian languages

MUDRA Toolbox

  • MUDRA Toolbox was launched in order to expand the care and outreach to people suffering from dementia.
  • Toolbox has been launched in languages including Hindi, Bengali, Kannada, Telugu and Malayalam.
  • MUDRA Toolbox project is led by the ICMR Neuro-Cognitive Tool Box (ICMR-NCTB) partnership.
  • It seeks to improve dementia and mild cognitive impairment research & therapeutic practices in India. To implement this project, ICMR-NCTB has collaborated with AIIMS (New Delhi), NIMHANS (Bengaluru),

  • e toolbox includes various cognitive tests to assess different domains of cognition such as attention and executive function, memory, language, and visuospatial functions
  • MUDRA Toolbox is a comprehensive tool specifically to diagnose dementia in the Indian population
  • The investigators had worked very hard over the last six years to develop and validate the tool in the Indian population
  • it is a unique tool consisting of various tests and questionnaires and is sensitive to the factors that affect performance on cognitive tests including education, language and culture.
  • “ICMR commissioned a multi-disciplinary project with a team of researchers from various fields including neurologists, psychologists, and speech-language pathologists to develop a culturally, educationally and linguistically relevant neurocognitive toolbox,” .
  • MUDRA Toolbox is an initiative undertaken by ICMR Neuro-Cognitive Tool Box (ICMRNCTB) consortium to transform India’s dementia and mild cognitive impairment research and clinical practices.

Use of the toolbox

  • Toolbox comprise of several cognitive tests which can be used to examine several aspects of cognition such as executive functioning, speech, memory, and visuospatial functions.
  • It is sensitive to the elements affective cognitive test performance like language, education, and culture.
  • there are approximately 5.29 million people living with dementia in India and this number is expected to increase to 7.61 million by 2030
  • Despite the high number of people with dementia in the country, only one in ten people with dementia are diagnosed in India due to low awareness and the lack of linguistically and culturally appropriate tests that are essential for diagnosis.
  • Dementia manifests as a set of related symptoms, which usually surface when the brain is damaged by injury or disease.
  •  The symptoms involve progressive impairments to memory, thinking, and behavior, which negatively impact a person’s ability to function and carry out everyday activities. Aside from memory impairment and a disruption in thought patterns, the most common symptoms include emotional problems, difficulties with language, and decreased motivation.

Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY):

  • Launch and Aim:
  • It was launched by the government in 2015 for providing loans up to Rs. 10 lakh to the non-corporate, non-farm small/micro-enterprises.
  • Funding Provision:
  • MUDRA, which stands for Micro Units Development & Refinance Agency Ltd., is a financial institution set up by the Government.
  • It provides funding to the non-corporate small business sector through various last-mile financial institutions like Banks, Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) and Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs).
  • MUDRA does not lend directly to micro-entrepreneurs/individuals.
  • Three Products:
    • MUDRA has created three products i.e. ‘Shishu’, ‘Kishore’ and ‘Tarun’ as per the stage of growth and funding needs of the beneficiary micro unit.
      • Shishu: Covering loans up to Rs. 50,000.
      • Kishore: Covering loans above Rs. 50,000 and up to Rs. 5 lakh.
      • Tarun: Covering loans above Rs. 5 lakh and up to Rs. 10 lakh.
  • Loans under this scheme are collateral-free loans.

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