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Mucormycosis- Deadly Disease Outbreak In India – Free PDF Download

 

 

 

What has happened?

  • Even as the country is battling with the Covid-19 pandemic, another outbreak of a deadly disease has put the authorities on high alert.
  • Mucormycosis, a rare but deadly fungal disease, has been affecting an increasing number of people across India.
  • After being reported in Delhi and Mumbai, the killer disease has now affected Ahmedabad with 44 people already being hospitalised for the illness..

Fungal disease

  • An infection occurs when a microorganism enters a person’s body and causes harm.
  • The microorganism uses that person’s body to sustain itself, reproduce, and colonize. These infectious microscopic organisms are known as pathogens like:
  1. Bacteria
  2. Viruses
  3. Fungi
  • Fungal diseases are often very common in the environment.
  • Most fungi are not dangerous, but some types can be harmful to health.
  • Mild fungal skin diseases can look like a rash and are very common.
  • Fungal diseases in the lungs are often similar to other illnesses such as the flu or tuberculosis.

What is mucormycosis?

  • Previously called zygomycosis, mucormycosis is a serious and rare fungal infection caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes.
  • These molds live throughout the environment.
  • While a quick diagnosis and treatment can cure the patient, left untreated, it can prove fatal.
  • The infection usually starts from the nose and spreads to eyes.
  • As the infection spreads, it paralyses muscles around the pupils of the eye, leading to blindness.
  • If the fungal infection spreads to the brain, the patient can get

  • This alarming affliction, although rare, is not new.
  • Black Fungus or mucormycosis has been a cause of disease and death of patients in transplants, and ICU since long.
  • However, it is the rapid increase in the numbers seen in unsuspected recovering COVID-19 patients that is causing the grave concern.

How it is linked to COVID-19?

  • Fungal infection triggered most in the patients who have recovered from COVID-19.
  • Mucormycosis mainly affects people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness.
  • This puts people recovering from Covid-19 or post-Covid issues at high risk.
  • According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),
  • Mostly, the disease affects the people who have prior health problems or
  • Take medicines that lower the body’s ability to tackle germs and illness.
  • People with diabetes and health problems are also at high risk.
  • In Ahmedabad, the majority of patients who have come to the civil hospital with mucormycosis had diabetes and were recovering from Covid-19.
  • If you have swelling or pain in your nose and/or blurred eyesight, you should go to the doctor immediately.

Treatment

  • Most patients require both anti-fungal medication as well as surgical debridement.
  • This is because they already suffered significant tissue damage by the time the diagnosis is made.

Q) Excessive bleeding during an injury is a deficiency of?

  1. Vitamin A
  2. Vitamin B
  3. Vitamin K
  4. Vitamin E

 

 

 

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