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Maharashtra-Karnataka Border Dispute

Maharashtra-Karnataka Border Dispute Village

Maharashtra-Karnataka Border Dispute: Karnataka CM had recently claimed that villages in Jath tehsil of Sangli, presently in Maharashtra, were part of Karnataka.

In response, Maharashtra Deputy CM said that Karwar, Nippani and Belagavi will be claimed within the legal frame work in the Supreme Court.


Read about: Assam Meghalaya Border Dispute

Maharashtra-Karnataka Border Dispute Latest News

  • The Maharashtra Government in 2004 moved the Supreme Court for a settlement of the border dispute under Article 131(b) of the Constitution.
  • The state has claimed 814 villages from Karnataka on the basis of linguistic population in each village.


Maharashtra-Karnataka Border Dispute Area

  • The dispute has its roots in pre-independence era when several parts of present-day Karnataka were part of Bombay Presidency.
    • The present-day Karnataka’s districts such as Vijayapura, Belagavi, Dharwad, and Uttara Kannada had significant Marathi speakers.
  • During the state re-organisation, the Belgaum municipality had requested to be incorporated into the proposed Maharashtra state due to a predominantly Marathi-speaking population.
  • The States Reorganization Act of 1956 awarded Belgaum and 10 talukas of Bombay State to the then Mysore State (which was renamed as Karnataka in 1973).
  • Criteria: The commission included talukas with a Kannada-speaking population of more than 50 per cent in Mysore, while demarcating borders.
  • Opposition: Opponents of the move have maintained that in 1956, Marathi-speakers outnumbered Kannada-speakers in those areas.


States Reorganization Act 1956

  • The States Reorganization Commission formed in 1953 under the chairmanship of Fazl Ali recommended reorganizing states into 16 states and 3 union territories.
  • Based on this report, the Union government divided the country into 14 states and 6 union territories by passing the States Reorganization Act in 1956.
  • While language was the main criteria for creation of states, other criteria such as distinct culture and administrative ease were also considered.


The Mahajan Commission

  • The Maharashtra government had demanded a relook into the border demarcation, resulting in the setting up of the MC Mahajan Commission in 1966 to look into the border dispute.
  • The Mahajan commission used the census of 1961, according to which Belagavi City was surrounded by Kannada speaking areas on all sides.
  • Recommendations of Mahajan Commission:
    • The commission said that Belgaum would continue to be part of Karnataka.
    • Around 247 villages/places including Jatta, Akkalakote and Sholapur was to be awarded to Karnataka.
    • Around 264 villages/places including Nandagad, Nippani and Khanapur was to be awarded to Maharashtra.
  • Reception: Maharashtra rejected the Mahajan Commission report and demanded another review, whereas Karnataka had welcomed the report and demanded for its implementation.


Article 131

  • Under Article 131 of the Constitution, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction in any dispute:
    • between the Government of India and one or more States; or
    • between the Government of India and any State or States on one side and one or more other States on the other; or
    • between two or more States
  • However, the jurisdiction shall not extend to a dispute arising out of any treaty, agreement, covenant, engagements, and or other similar instrument which has been entered into or executed before the commencement of the Constitution or which provides that the said jurisdiction shall not extend to such a dispute.


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