Q1. ‘Mahabharata’ was translated into Persian language during the reign of Akbar, it is known by what name?
- Explanation: Razmanama is the Persian translation of Mahabharata which was done during the time of Mughal emperor Akbar. In 1574, Akbar started a Maktabkhana (translation house) at Fatehpur Sikri.
Q2. Which of the following metals was first used?
Ans – 2
- Explanation – The use of metals started at the end of the Neolithic Age. Copper was first used in metals.
Q3. In which mandala of Rigveda is ‘Gayatri Mantra’ mentioned?
- Third division
- Seventh division
- Tenth division
- Thirteenth division
Ans – 1
- Explanation – There are total 10 mandalas, 1028 suktas and 10,462 hymns in Rigveda. It was composed by Vishwamitra. In its third mandala there is Gayatri Mantra, in the 9th mandala the deity Soma is mentioned. Varna system is mentioned in its 10th Mandal Purush Sukta.
Q4. The concept of ‘Sulh-i-Kul’ adopted by Akbar was based on which of the following?
- Political liberalism
- Religious tolerance
- Liberal Cultural Approach
- All of the above
- Explanation: The meaning of Sulh-e-Kul is ‘Universal Peace’. The basic objective of Akbar’s religious policy was ‘Universal tolerance’. It was also called the policy of ‘Sulh-e-Kul’ i.e. the principle of peaceful treatment with all. Akbar adopted the policy of sulh-i-kul in place of Islamic doctrine.
Q5. Who among the following was the painter of Jahangir?
- Abul Hassan
- Farooq Baig
- Peer Syed Ali
Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
- 1 and 2 only
- 1 and 3 only
- 2 and 3 only
- 1, 2 and 3
- Explanation: The prominent painters of Jahangir’s time were ‘Farukh Beg’, ‘Daulat’, ‘Manohar’, ‘Bisandas’, ‘Mansoor’ and Abul Hasan.
Q6. In the context of Mughal architecture, ‘Pietra Dura’ means –
- Marble stone inlay with gems
- Painting on marble
- The art of gardening
- None of these
- Explanation: Pietra dura called parchin kari or parchin kari in the Indian subcontinent is a term for the root technique of using cut and fitted, highly polished colored stones to create images. It is considered a decorative art.
Q7. In which of the following the first coordination of Indian and Iranian architecture is seen?
- Taj Mahal
- Red Fort
- In Sher Shah’s tomb
- Explanation: The first coordination of Indian and Iranian architecture is seen in Sher Shah’s
Q8. Which is considered the most decisive battle in the succession wars between Dara Shikoh and Aurangzeb?
- War of Dharmat
- Battle of Samugarh
- Battle of Devrai
- None of these
- Explanation: The battle of Samugarh was fought on May 29, 1658 between the sons of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, Dara Shikoh and the combined forces of Aurangzeb and Murad Baksh. Not seeing Dara Shikoh sitting on an elephant in this battle, there was a stampede in the rest of his army and due to which Dara lost the war.
Q9. The rulers of which of the following dynasty have been called ‘Sriparvatiya’ in the Puranas?
- Explanation: The people of Ikshvaku dynasty ruled in the Krishna-Guntur region. In the Puranas, he has been called ‘Sriparvatiya’ (ruler of Sriparvat) and ‘Andhrabhritya’ (servant of Andhras). Earlier they were feudatories of Satavahanas but after their downfall they declared their independence. Hence option (b) is correct.
Q10. Which of the following temples is also known as Khajuraho of Vidarbha?
- Explanation: The Markandeshwar Temple, built between the 9th to the 12th century, is located in the village of Markanda on the banks of the river Wainganga in Gadchiroli, There used to be 24 different types of temples in the Markandeshwar temple complex. At present 18 temples are in ruins. Because of these temples, Gadchiroli is also called ‘Mini Khajuraho’ or ‘Khajuraho of Vidarbha’. The restoration work of this temple is being done by the Archaeological Survey of India since the year 2017. This temple belongs to the Shaiva, Vaishnava and Shakta sects built in the Nagara style of North India. Hence option (a) is the correct answer.
Q11. Chitracharya Upendra Maharathi’s book ‘Venushilpa’ is related to which of the following art?
- Bamboo art
- Marble carving
- Explanation: The book ‘Venushilpa’ by Chitacharya Upendra Maharathi is related to bamboo art. This art is related to Rosada of Samastipur district of Bihar. Born in 1908 in Puri district of Odisha, Upendra Maharathi studied at the Kolkata School of Arts and made Bihar his workplace. Therefore, his art has a philosophy associated with the culture of Kalinga, glimpses of the Buddhist period and the heroes of the Indian Renaissance movement.
Q12. Who built a mosque named ‘Khairul Manzil’ in front of Purana Qila in Delhi?
- Hamida Banu Begum
- Salima Sultan
- Jiji Anga
- Maham Anga
- Explanation: In 1561 AD, Akbar’s mother, Maham Anga, got a mosque named ‘Khairul Manzil’ built in front of Purana Qila in Delhi.
Q13. Which of the following is the Samhita of Shukla Yajurveda?
- Explanation: Yajurveda is also called ritualistic Veda. Yajurveda is divided into two parts- Krishna Yajurveda and Shukla Yajurveda. Krishna (black or dark) refers to a disorderly collection of mantras while Shukla (white) refers to a systematic collection of mantras.
- Vajasneyi Samhita is related to Shukla Yajurveda. Yajnavalkya is the originator of Vajasaneyi branch. The Samhitas related to Krishna Yajurveda are Maitrayani, Taittriya Samhita, Kapisthala Samhita and Kathak.
Q14. From which of the following places, evidence of animal husbandry is found in the Mesolithic period?
- Explanation: Bagore is situated on the banks of Kothari river in Bhilwara district of It is a residence site. Evidence of animal husbandry has been received from Bagor in the Mesolithic period.
- Bori is located in Maharashtra. Based on the study of the bag, the presence of humans can be placed in the category of 14 lakh years ago. The place called Aude is located in Tamil Nadu. Human fossils have been found from here.
- Lakhania/Lekhania district is located in Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh state. From here the details of the physical forms of human have been obtained. The site belongs to the Mesolithic age.
Q15. ‘In which of the following rock-cut caves is the inscription of a Bodhisattva with eleven heads found?
- Explanation: About 109 caves have been found at a place called Kanheri located in Maharashtra. These caves are located in the premises of Sanjay Gandhi National Park. The number 41 gives the notation of a Bodhisattva (Avalokitesvara) with eleven heads.
- Ajanta is a chain of rock-cut caves near Aurangabad in Maharashtra. It has 29 caves.
- Ellora caves are located in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra at a place called Beerul (Ellora) in which 34 rock-cut caves have been made. Of these, there are caves from 1 to 12 of Buddhists, 13 to 29 of Hindus and 30 to 34 of Jains.
- Karle is located in the Bhorghat region of Maharashtra and this site is related to Buddhism and art. Due to being special chaitya, it is also called ‘Mahachaitya’.
Q16. In 1303, the army of Kakatiya rulers defeated which of the following army at Warangal?
- Alauddin Khilji
- Muhammad Tughlaq
- Explanation: In 1303, the army of Kakatiya ruler Pratap Rudradev defeated Alauddin Khilji at Warangal.
Q17. Three human skeletons have emerged from the same grave
- Sarai Nahar Rai
- from asthma
- Explanation: (i) Damdama (Mesolithic site) is presently located in Pratapgarh district of Uttar Pradesh. From 1982 to 1987, 41 human dead bodies were found in the excavation Out of which 35 skeletons were found in single, two each in 5 graves and 3 skeletons were found together in one grave. Along with this, small tools, blades, blades, burene, moonshine etc. have been obtained from here, which have been manufactured by quartzite, chert, agent, carnelian.
Q18. Which of the following forts was not built during the reign of Akbar?
- Red Fort of Delhi
- Agra Fort
- Allahabad Fort
- Lahore Fort
- Explanation: The Red Fort in Delhi was built by Shah Jahan in his capital Shahjahanabad (present-day Old Delhi) on the banks of the Yamuna River. It was completed in 1648 AD. Presently the Red Fort of Delhi is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Agra Fort was built by Akbar under the leadership of the chief architect Qasim Khan. This fort is also included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The fort of Allahabad was built by Akbar in 1583 AD. The fort of Lahore was built by Akbar in 1575 AD. This fort appears to be inspired by the Jahangiri Mahal built in Agra.
Q19. Whose disciple was ‘Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti’?
- Khwaja Abdal Chishti
- Shah Wali Ullah
- Mir Dard
- Khwaja Usman Harooni
- Explanation: Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti was born in Sistan (Iran). Some other historians believe that he was born in Isfahan, Iran. His guru was Khwaja Osman Harooni. Hazrat Usman recognized the inner qualities of his brilliant personality and set out on a journey with him. After traveling for a long time, the Guru allowed the disciple to travel on his The Chishti tradition is believed to have originated in his name. He died in Ajmer.
- Where even today his dargah is famous by the name of Ajmer Sharif.
Q20. Who among the following was not an Alvar saint?
- Explanation: In South India, the saints of Vaishnavism were called Alvars and the saints of Shaivism were called Nayanars. The meaning of Alvar is ‘one who is immersed in the experience of God’. Among the total 12 Alvar saints, Poygai, Poodam, Tirumangai, Andal (the only female Alvar) were prominent. Hence, option (b) among the given options is not
Q21. What was the ‘Dar-ul-Shifa’ established by Firoz Tughlaq?
- A charity
- A charitable hospital
- A library
- A guest house for pilgrims
- Explanation: After the death of Muhammad bin Tughlaq, his cousin Firoz Tughlaq became the Sultan in 1351. Firoz Shah Tughlaq wrote his autobiography ‘Futuhat-e- Firozshahi’, He established – ‘Dar-ul-Shifa’ (Hospital), ‘Diwan-e-Khairat’ (Department of charity for the poor), ‘Daftar-e-Rozgar’. (for the unemployed) etc.
Q22. Turmay, contemporary of Ashoka, was the king of
- Explanation: Explanation: Ashoka’s contemporary Turmaya was the ruler of Egypt. The names of some other contemporary rulers are Antioch-Syrian King, Atticini-Macedonian King, Maga-Epyrus King and Aliksundara–Syrene King.
Q23. With which Mughal general did Shivaji sign the famous ‘Treaty of Purandhar’ in 1665 AD?
- Jaswant Singh
- Jai Singh
- Shaista Khan
- Diler Khan
- Explanation: In 1665 AD, Shivaji signed the famous ‘Treaty of Purandhar’ with the Mughal general Mirza Raja Jai Singh. Mirza Raja Jai Singh was the mansabdar/general in the court of Aurangzeb.
Q24. Which of the following rivers are mentioned in Rigveda indicating the relation of Aryans with Afghanistan?
- Kumbha, Kumu
- Vipasa, Shatudri
- Explanation: In Rigveda, the word ‘Saptasindhavah’ has been used for the abode of These are Sindhu, Shatrudri (Sutlej), Vipasa (Vyasa), Parushni (Ravi), Vitasta (Jhelum), Askini (Chenab). About 25 rivers are mentioned in the Rigveda. In which the rivers flowing in Afghanistan were Kumbha (Kabul), Suvastu (Swat), Kumu (Kurram) and Gomti (Gomal).
Q25. Yapaniya was a sect of
- Explanation: The Yapaniya sect was related to Jainism. The Yapaniya sect originated from the Digambara sect. Inscriptions found in the Tuluva region of south-west Karnataka mention Yapanis.
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