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Most Important GS Questions for UP and Bihar Judiciary Set 5 – Judiciary Exam – Free PDF


Q1. By which of the following Acts, all the appointments to the civil services were made to  be filled through a competitive examination?

  1. Charter Act of 1793
  2. Charter Act of 1853
  3. Indian Civil Services Act of 1861
  4. neither of the above

Ans – 2

  • Explanation- The Charter Act, 1853, the protection of directors in the matter of  appointments ended and all appointments were made through a competitive examination.  In 1863, Satyendra Nath Tagore earned the distinction of being the first Indian to succeed in  the Indian Civil Service.

Q2. Who among the following was called “English Khan” by Jahangir?

  1. Thomas Roe
  2. William Hawkins
  3. Henry Middleton
  4. neither of the above

Ans – 2

  • Explanation – William Hawkins sailed on a voyage to India in a ship called the “Hector” in 1607 the first company ship to anchor at Surat in India on 24 August 1608. Hawkins travelled to Agra to negotiate consent for a factory from Emperor Jahangir in 1609

Q3. Who among the following founded the Ghadar Party in San Francisco?

  1. Bikaji Cama
  2. Lala Hardayal
  3. Badruddin Tyabji
  4. Shyamji Krishna Verma

Ans – 2

  • Explanation– Lala Hardayal gave direction to the revolutionary movement in the United States  and Canada. In 1919, Lala Hardayal founded the Ghadar Party in San Francisco. It is  noteworthy that the founding president of the Ghadar Party was Sohan Singh Bhakna; while  Lala Hardayal was the co-founder of this party. A weekly paper named ‘Gadar’ was brought out  by the Ghadar Party in the memory of the revolution of 1857. This paper was published in  Urdu, Punjabi, English, Marathi and Pashto language.

Q4. Which of the following movements was the ‘First Non-cooperation’ movement?

  1. Champaran Satyagraha
  2. Ahmedabad Mill Strike
  3. Kheda Satyagraha
  4. Satyagraha against Rowlatt Act

Ans – 3

  • Explanation- Kheda Satyagraha was the ‘first non-cooperation’ movement. Due to the severe famine of the year 1918, the entire crop was destroyed in Kheda, District of Gujarat, yet the  government continued the process of collecting revenue from the farmers. Despite the  petition of the farmers, the government refused to waive the revenue. As a result, Gandhiji  inspired the farmers not to give revenue.

Q5. Under whose leadership the ‘Self Respect Movement’ was started?

  1. Bhaskarrao Jadhav
  2. Kesavan
  3. Ayappan
  4. EP Ramaswamy Naicker

Ans – 4

  • Explanation- Self-respect movement was started in 1925 by under the leadership of EP Ramaswami Naicker ‘Periyar’.

Q6. “I am a socialist and a republican. I do not believe in kings and maharajas……….” By

whom of the following was this statement made?

  1. Mahatma Gandhi
  2. Bal Gangadhar Tilak
  3. Jawaharlal Nehru
  4. Subhash Chandra Bose

Ans – 3

  • Explanation- The above statements were made by Jawaharlal Nehru in his speech at the  Lahore session of 1929. Jawaharlal Nehru was elected as the President of the Lahore session.  In this session, Congress had declared Purna Swaraj as its main goal and passed a resolution  to boycott the Round Table Conference.

Q7. In which two leaders the Poona Pact was signed?

  1. Ambedkar and Gandhi
  2. Subhash Chandra Bose and Gandhi
  3. R. Das and Jawaharlal Nehru
  4. Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Dadabhai Nairoji

Ans –1

  • Explanation On 24 September 1932, with the efforts of Dr. Ambedkar and other Hindu  leaders, an agreement was made between the Hindus and the Dalits, which is also known as  the Poona Pact. According to the agreement, separate electorate for the Depressed Classes  was abolished. The Depressed Classes were allotted 147 seats in the provincial legislatures,  while the Communal Award promised to provide them 71 seats. In the Central Legislature for  British India, 18% of the seats allotted to the general electorate were reserved for the  Depressed Classes.

Q9. Who was the Portuguese who conquered Goa?

  1. Francis de Almeida
  2. Alfonso de Albuquerque
  3. Vasco Da Gama
  4. Roberty De Novili

Answer: 2

  • Explanation: Alphonso de Albuquerque was the undisputed founder of the  Portuguese Empire in India and Asia. During the next nine years, Albuquerque  established Portuguese maritime supremacy over the Indian Ocean, capturing  important bases along the Goa and Asia-Europe route in 1510.

Q10. From which of the following did the British get permission to set up their  first factory in India at Surat?

  1. Akbar
  2. Jahangir
  3. Shahjahan
  4. Aurangzeb

Answer: 2

  • Explanation: The British had obtained permission from Jahangir to set up their first  factory in India at Surat. Thomas Roe got the permission from Jahangir.

Q11. In which of the following places did the French set up their first factory in India?

  1. Surat
  2. Pulicat
  3. Cochin
  4. Kasim Bazar

Answer: 1

  • Explanation: The last company was the French East India. The company established its first  factory in Surat in 1667 under Francis Caron.

Q12. Which Portuguese governor adopted the ‘Blue water policy’?

  1. Francisco de Almeida
  2. Alfonso de Albuquerque
  3. Nuno de Cunha
  4. none of these

Answer: 1

  • Explanation: A policy called the “Blue Water Policy” was followed by Francisco de Almeida.  Under this policy, they wanted to establish Portugal as a powerful country in the maritime  domain. Francisco de Almeida was appointed the first governor and viceroy of India in 1505

Q13. Which was the decisive battle in which the British defeated the Dutch, due to which the  challenge of the Dutch in India came to an end?

  1. Battle of Bedra (1759)
  2. Battle of Wandiwash (1760)
  3. Battle of Plassey (1757)
  4. Battle of Buxar (1764)

Answer: 1

  • Explanation: Battle of Bedara or ‘Bidra’ November, 1759 AD; anticipating the intention of the  Dutch, British defeated them in the Battle of ‘Bedara’ near Chinsurah. This destroyed all  possibilities of Dutch domination and left no European competitor to the British in Bengal.

Q14. Who was the king of India when the East India Company of Britain was established?

  1. Aurangzeb
  2. Jahangir
  3. Akbar
  4. Humayun

Answer: 3

  • Explanation: When the East India Company was established, the Mughal emperor Akbar  (1556 – 1605) was the ruler of India. On 31 December 1600, a group of merchants  incorporated themselves into the East India Company where all administration powers were  given to the East India Company.

Q15. Who was the Governor General of India during the Revolt of 1857?

  1. Lord Dalhousie
  2. Lord William Bentinck
  3. lord Canning
  4. Lord Lytton

Answer: 3

  • Explanation: The Governor General of India at the time of the Revolt of 1857 was  Charles John Canning. Lord Canning was the Governor-General of India (1856 –  1860) during the Revolt of 1857. He became the first Viceroy of India in 1858.

Q16. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given  below the lists :

Select the correct option from below:

  1. 1-A, 2-B, 3-C, 4-D
  2. 1-C, 2-D, 3-B, 4-A
  3. 1-D, 2-A, 3-B, 4-C
  4. 1-A, 2-C, 3-B, 4-D

Answer: 1

Q17. What was the original name of Tatya Tope, a leader of the revolt in India in  1857?

  1. Gopal Krishna Gokhale
  2. Nana Saheb
  3. Balaji Rao
  4. Ramchandra Pandurang

Answer: 4

  • Explanation: The original name of Tatya Tope, the leader of the revolt in India in  1857, was Ramchandra Pandurang.

Q18. Which historian wrote: ‘The so-called First National War of Independence was neither  the First, nor the National, nor the War of Independence’?

  1. C. Majumdar
  2. N. Sen
  3. D Savarkar
  4. none of these

Answer: 1

  • Explanation: R.C Majumdar concluded that the revolt of 1857 was ‘neither the first, nor the  national, nor the freedom struggle’. It was a spontaneous revolt of the common people  against the exploitative rule of the British authorities. It is considered a rebellion of soldiers  which started as a struggle for religion.

Q19. Who addressed Gandhiji as ‘One Man Boundary Force’?

  1. Churchill
  2. Attlee
  3. Mountbatten
  4. Simon

Ans – 3

  • Explanation – Impressed by the role of Mahatma Gandhi in the Noakhali riots in Bengal in  1946, the then Governor General Mountbatten addressed them as ‘One Man Boundary  Force’.

Q20. In whose memory ‘National Doctor’s Day’ is celebrated every year on 1st July?

  1. Ashok Seth
  2. Bidhanchandra Rai
  3. Sudhanshu Bhattacharya
  4. S. Natarajan

Ans – 2

  • Explanation- Every year on 1 July, Doctors Day is celebrated across the country. July 1 is the  birthday and death anniversary of Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy, the great doctor of the country  and the second Chief Minister of West Bengal. This day is celebrated in his memory.

Q21. On which day ‘International Olympic Day’ is celebrated?

  1. June 21
  2. June 23
  3. June 26
  4. June 29

Ans – 2

  • Explanation– Every year 23 June is celebrated all over the world as International Olympic  Day. It is a day to celebrate sports activities in a way, which is celebrated by youth and  elders from all over the world.

Q22. When is the ‘National Fish Farmers Day’ celebrated?

  1. 10 July
  2. 12 July
  3. 15 July
  4. 18 July

Ans – 1

  • Explanation – National Fish Farmer’s Day is celebrated every year across the country to show  solidarity with all the fishermen, aquaculture farmers and concerned stakeholders. This  event is organized for the first time in the country on July 10, 1957 at Angul, Odisha to  commemorate the contribution of Professor Dr. Hiralal Choudhary and his colleague Dr. Alikunhi in achieving success in Indust Breeding of Major Corps. This pioneering work of induced breeding has over the years transformed the development of the fisheries sector from traditional to intensive fisheries and led to the success of the modern aquaculture industry. It was also celebrated as the Foundation Day of NFDB.

Q23. Which Indian site has been included in the list of World Heritage Site by  UNESCO in its 44th session?

  1. Hawa Mahal
  2. Konark Temple
  3. Chola Temple
  4. Kakatiya Rudreshwar (Rampappa) Temple

Ans – 4

  • Explanation- Two landmark decisions were taken during the 44th session of the UNESCO  World Heritage Committee in China, the inscriptions of Kakatiya Rudreshwar (Rampa)  Temple, Telangana and Dholavira: A Harrapan City, Gujarat has been included in the  UNESCO World Heritage List.
  • Rudreshwar popularly known as Ramappa Temple is located in Palampet village of It is the main Shiva temple in a walled complex built during the Kakatiya period  (1123-1323 CE). The ancient city of Dholavira is one of the most notable and well-preserved  urban settlements in South Asia, dating back to the 3rd to 2nd millennium BC (before the  Common Era).

Q24. Which of the following statements is/are correct with reference to the Treaty of “Aix-  la-Chapelle-1748”?

  1. End of First Carnatic War
  2. The British regained Madras.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2


  • Explanation: The First Carnatic War (1746-48 AD) was fought between the French Army and  the British Army.The end of the First Carnatic War in 1748 AD. The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle  (1748 AD) took place after the end of the Austrian succession war. According to the terms of  this treaty, Madras was returned to the British and Louisville in America was returned to the  French. Hence option (c) is correct.

Q25. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct regarding National  Panchang?

  1. Indian National Panchang is based on Vikram Samvat.
  2. The National Calendar has been adopted with effect from 26 January 1950.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

  1. only 1
  2. only 2
  3. both 1 and 2
  4. neither 1 nor 2

Answer: 4

  • Explanation: The Indian National Calendar is based on the Shaka Samvat. Saka era or Shalivahana era started in 78 AD. It is believed that it was practiced by Emperor Kanishka  after he conquered the Shakas or ascended the throne. The current national calendar  (calendar) of India is based on this Samvat. The Government of India adopted it on March 22,  1957 for the following official purposes, such as the Gazette of India, news broadcast by All  India Radio, calendar issued by the Government of India and official notices addressed to  members of the public. In the normal year of 365 days, the first day of the year in Saka  Samvat is on 22 March every year, or 21 March in the leap year, according to the Gregorian  calendar. Both the statements mentioned in the question are false. Hence the answer will be  option (d).




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