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Most Important GS Questions for UP and Bihar Judiciary Set 4 – Judiciary Exam – Free PDF

Q1. In which of the following year Brahma Samaj was formed?

  1. 1818
  2. 1825
  3. 1828
  4. 1829

Ans – c

  • It was started at Calcutta on 20 August 1828 by Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Dwarkanath Tagore as reformation of the
  • prevailing Brahmanism of the time (specifically Kulin practices) and
  • began the Bengal Renaissance of the 19th century. Its Trust Deed was made in 1830 formalising its inception and it was duly and publicly inaugurated in January 1830

Q2. In which of the following sessions the Congress was split?

  1. Banaras session, 1905
  2. Kolkata session, 1906
  3. Surat session, 1907
  4. Madras session, 1908

Ans – c

  • Explanation – In 1907, the Congress session was held in Surat under the chairmanship of Rash Behari Ghosh. In this session, the Congress was divided due to the differences between the moderate party and the extremist party.

Q3. ‘Indian National Liberal Federation’ was formed in which of the following year?

  1. 1915
  2. 1917
  3. 1919
  4. 1921

Ans – c

  • Explanation- When the Montagu Report of 1918 was made public, there was a split in the Congress over it. Moderates welcomed it while extremists opposed it. This resulted in a split in the Congress and the liberal leaders formed the ‘Indian National Liberal Federation’ in the year 1919. The party was founded by Surendra Nath Banerjee.

Q4. Consider the statements related to Swaraj Party:

  1. It was formed in the year 1922 by Mahatma Gandhi.
  2. It advocated the continuation of the non-cooperation movement by entering the Legislative Councils.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

  1. only 1
  2. only 2
  3. both 1 and 2
  4. neither 1 nor 2

Ans – b

  • Explanation– In the Congress session of Gaya in 1922, when the proposal of the pro- changers to participate in the Legislative Councils was rejected; leaders like C.R. Das and Motilal Nehru formed Swaraj Party. The Swarajists argued that entry into the Legislative Councils would not block the progress of the non-cooperation movement, but would make the movement more effective. Swaraj Party got remarkable success in the elections held in 1923. It got 42 out of 101 elected seats in the Central Legislative Assembly. Vitthalbhai Patel was elected the President of the Central Legislative Assembly in 1925 due to the efforts of the Swaraj Party. Swaraj Party opposed the government in 1928 over the Public Safety Bill.

Q5. Which of the following is a wrong pair?

  1. 1885 – Indian National Congress
  2. 1924 – All India Trade Union Congress
  3. 1925 – Communist Party of India
  4. 1928 – All India Workers and Farmers’ Party

Ans – b

  • Explanation – All India Trade Union Congress was formed in 1920. Lala Lajpat Rai was its first president and Diwan Chamanlal was its first secretary.

Q6. Hindustan Republican Association was founded in October 1924 in which of the following city?

  1. Allahabad
  2. Lucknow
  3. Bareilly
  4. Kanpur

Ans – d

Explanation- Hindustan Republican Association was established in October 1924 in Kanpur. The objective of this organization was to establish a United State of India by ending colonial power through armed revolution. On August 9, 1925, by stopping the train on the Saharanpur-Lucknow line at a village called Kakori, the treasury of the Railway Department was looted, which is known as ‘Kakori Kand (conspiracy)’.

Q7. On which of the following date Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged?

  1. March 15
  2. March 21
  3. March 23
  4. March 30

Ans – c

  • Explanation- Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged on March 23, 1931 in the ‘Lahore Conspiracy’ case.

Q8. Who among the following founded the voluntary organization ‘Khudai Khidmatgar’?

  1. Rani Gaidinliu
  2. Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan
  3. Vinoba Bhave
  4. Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Ans – b

  • ExplanationKhan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was also known as ‘Badshah Khan’ or ‘The Frontier Gandhi’. He founded a voluntary organization named ‘Khudai Khidmatgar’. It was also known as ‘Lal Kurti’.
  • Considering the principle of non-violence as paramount, this organization played an important role in the national independence movement.

Q9. Who among the following is known as the ‘Liberator of Indian Newspapers’?

  1. James Augustus Hickey
  2. Lord Lytton
  3. William Jones
  4. Charles Metcalf

Ans – d

  • Explanation – Charles Metcalf is known as the ‘liberator of Indian newspapers’ because he lifted restrictions on press freedom.

Q10. In which year the Vernacular Press Act was passed by Lord Lytton?

  1. 1869
  2. 1875
  3. 1878
  4. 1882

Ans – c

Explanation- The Vernacular Press Act was passed by Lord Lytton in 1878 which was later repealed by Lord Ripon in 1882.

Q11. Match the following correctly

  1. Raja Ram Mohan Roy      Prarthana Samaj
  2. Atmaram Pandurang       Atmiya Sabha
  3. Jyotiba Phule                      Satyashodhak Samaj
  4. Narayan Malhar Joshi Code   Social Service league


  1. A2 B1 C4 D3
  2. A2 B4 C3 D1
  3. A2 B1 C3 D4
  4. A4 B1 C3 D2

Ans – c

Q12. Chauri-Chaura incident took place on which of the following date?

  1. February 3, 1922
  2. February 4, 1922
  3. February 5, 1922
  4. February 6, 1922

Ans – b

  • Explanation– During the non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi, on 4 February 1922, an angry mob of some people set fire to the police station of Chauri-Chaura in Gorakhpur. In this 23 policemen were killed.
  • Three civilians also died during this incident. Earlier, on got to know that the Inspector of Chauri-Chaura police station had killed some Congress workers in Mundera Bazar, an angry mob had gathered outside the police station and set fire to the police station.

Q13. By whom of the following the Congress was termed as the ‘Organization to emancipate the mind’?

  1. Lord Curzon
  2. Lord Lansdowne
  3. Lord Chelmsford
  4. Lord Dufferin

Ans – a

  • Explanation- Lord Curzon refused to accept India as a nation and called the Congress as an organization to emancipate the mind.

Q14. The publication of the paper ‘ “The Commonweal” ‘ was started by which of the following?

  1. Sarojini Naidu
  2. Usha Mehta
  3. Annie Besant
  4. Mohammad Ali Jinnah

Ans – C

  • Explanation– From the beginning of 1915, Annie Besant started a campaign to establish self-government in India and other colonies. She started the publication of letters named ‘New India’ and ‘Commonweal’. Through these letters, she strongly raised the demand for the establishment of self-government in India in front of the British government.

Q15. Sardeshmukhi and Chauth tax are mainly related to which of the following?

  1. Mughal
  2. Maratha
  3. Nawab of Bengal
  4. Nizam

Ans – b

Explanation– Chauth Tax

  • Chauth was a military tax collected in lieu of providing protection from the invasion of third powers.

Sardeshmukhi Tax

  • It used to be 10 percent of the income or yield, which was in the form of additional tax. According to Shivaji, being the hereditary Sardeshmukh (Pradhan Mukhiya) of the country and protecting the interests of the people, he has the right to take a Sardeshmukhi.

Q16. Subhash Chandra Bose defeated Pattabhi Sitaramayya and appointed as the President of which session?

  1. Faizpur session, 1936
  2. Haripura session, 1938
  3. Ramgarh session, 1940
  4. Tripuri session, 1939

Ans – d

  • Explanation- Subhash Chandra Bose defeated Pattabhi Sitaramayya and was appointed the President of the Tripuri session, 1939. But he resigned due to differences with Gandhiji, after which Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the president.

Q17. During the tenure of which Governor General was the Ancient Monuments Preservation Act passed?

  1. Lord Minto
  2. Lord Linlithgow
  3. Lord Curzon
  4. Lord Canning

Ans – c

  • Explanation- The Ancient Monuments Preservation Act was passed in 1904 during Curzon’s tenure. By which for the first time attention was paid to the protection and repair of historical monuments in India.

Q18. Which of the following organizations was formed to protect the interests of the landlords?

  1. Bangabhasha Prakashan Sabha
  2. Land Holders Association
  3. British India Association
  4. East India Association

Ans – b

  • Explanation –The Land Holders Association was formed in 1838 to protect the interests of the landlords. It was the first political assembly in India, which initiated organized political efforts.

Q19. Who was the first President of All India Trade Union Congress?

  1. Diwan Chaman Lal
  2. Ambika Charan Mazumdar
  3. Lala Lajpat Rai
  4. Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Ans – c

  • ExplanationAll India Trade Union Congress was established in 1920. Lala Lajpat Rai was its first president and Diwan Chaman Lal was its first secretary.

Q20. Who wrote the book ‘The Philosophy of the Bomb’?

  1. Chandrashekhar Azad
  2. Bhagwati Charan Vohra
  3. Bhagat Singh
  4. Suryasen

Ans – b

  • Explanation- The book titled ‘The Philosophy of the Bomb’ was composed by Bhagwati Charan Vohra on the request of Chandrashekhar Azad. It contained documents related to the ideology of the revolutionaries so that the public could be made aware of them.

Q21. Who was the second Satyagrahi in the individual Satyagraha started by Gandhiji?

  1. Vinoba Bhave
  2. Vallabh Bhai Patel
  3. Rajendra Prasad
  4. Jawaharlal Nehru

Ans – d

  • Explanation- In the individual Satyagraha started by Gandhiji in 1940, the first Satyagrahi was Vinoba Bhave and the second Satyagrahi was Jawaharlal Nehru.

Q22. Which of the following is called the Magna Carta of Indian Education?

  1. Wood’s Dispatch
  2. Sedler commission
  3. Indian Universities Act, 1904
  4. Hunter Commission

Ans – a

  • Explanation- Sir Charles Wood was the chairman of the Board of Control of the British East India Company. He sent a dispatch to Lord Dalhousie in 1854. He suggested that primary schools should be taught in the mother tongue, and high schools should also have English education, this is called Wood’s Dispatch.

Q23. Which of the following Viceroys was assassinated during his tenure?

  1. Lord Mayo
  2. Lord Ripon
  3. Lord Lansdowne
  4. Lord Canning

Ans – a

  • Explanation-Lord Mayo was the only Viceroy of India who was assassinated during his tenure. He was assassinated in 1872 by Sher Ali Pathan during an observation trip at Port Blair in the Andaman Islands.

Q24. Who among the following led the Mahad Satyagraha?

  1. Bal Gangadhar Tilak
  2. Bhimrao Ambedkar
  3. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
  4. Jawaharlal Nehru

Ans – b

  • Explanation-The Mahad Satyagraha was held on 20 March 1927 under the leadership of Dr. Ambedkar at Mahad in Raigad district of Maharashtra state. Thousands of people called untouchables drank water in the public pond Chavdar under the leadership of Dr.
  • Ambedkar. First Dr. Ambedkar drank water from Anjuli; following him, thousands of Dalits drank water. In August 1923, a resolution was brought by the Bombay Legislative Council (British-led committee),
  • that all such places, which are built and maintained by the government. This law was implemented by Babasaheb Ambedkar.

Q25. Which of the following is the wrong pair?

  1. Unhappy India – Lala Lajpat Rai
  2. Gita Rahasya – Rabindranath Tagore
  3. India Struggle – Subhash Chandra Bose
  4. Sudharak – Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Answer B

  • Explanation-The book Geetarahasya was composed by Lokmanya Balgangadhar Tilak in Mandalay Jail (Burma). In this he gave a comprehensive explanation of Karmayoga of Shrimad Bhagavad Gita. In this book, he has made man aware of the real duties in his world.

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