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The Hindu Editorial News Analysis 7th Dec 2017

  • Dec 06, 2017 – Fifth Bi-monthly Monetary Policy Statement for 2017-18
  • RBI Monetary Policy: MPC maintains status quo; repo rate unchanged at 6%
  • RBI Act was amended in May 2016 was that
  • Price stability is a necessary precondition to sustainable growth
  • Monetary Policy Committee (MPC)
  • 7th dec 2017 the hindu editorial analysisMaldives‟ FTA with China signals a drift in Delhi- Male ties
  • Development of Hulhule island
  • $1 billion, Chinese companies are exploring tourism prospects
  • said this week that it is not satisfied with the working of the FTA with India.
  • Beijing‟s success in outreach South Asia
  • Belt and Road Initiative, China seems to be ready to ramp up business
    ties across South Asia
  • China already has an FTA with Pakistan, and is exploring or negotiating F
    TAs with Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal
  • PLA-Navy might be looking for a military base in the islands linked to projects in Djibouti, Gwadar and Hambantota.

Let us be realistic about the UNSC

  • International Court of Justice seems to have lifted our spirits as a nation.
  • It would be prudent, however, not to interpret this in a way as to raise hopes of a
    permanent seat in the Security Council.
  • The UNSC election
  • Two most prestigious organs of the United Nations are
    • 1)-Security Council and
    • 2)-International Court of Justice.
  • While the Security Council has 15 member states, the ICJ has 15 judges.
  • Election to the UNSC is conducted only in GA and requires 2/3 majority to get elected.
  • Election to the ICJ is held concurrently in the UNGA and UNSC and requires absolute
    majority of the total membership in each organ
  • UNSC is by far more important from the national interest point of view.
  • It deals with questions of
    • 1)-Peace and
    • 2)-Security as well as
    • 3)-Terrorism
  • Since it is in permanent session, we have to try to be its member as often as possible.
    • 1)- Hafeez Saeed
    • 2)- Kashmir issue, which Pakistan
    • 3)-NSG
  • ICJ is required to represent the principal civilisations and legal systems of the world.
  • The judges sitting on ICJ are expected to act impartially, not as representatives of the
    countries of their origin
  • ACABQ (Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions) and the
    Committee on Contributions
  • Serving on both these committees, G. Parthasarathy, S.K Singh, as well as our current
    permanent representative, ambassador Syed Akbaruddin.
  • Human Rights Council; we have had almost continuous representation on it- The U.S. lost the election to it a few years ago
  • The veto question
  • Primarily at our initiative, the question of Security Council reform, euphemism for expansion, has been under consideration since 1970s.
  • There is near unanimous support for increasing the number of non-permanent seats.
  • The controversial question is about the increase in the category of permanent seats
  • India, along with Brazil, Germany and Japan, has proposed an increase of six additional
    permanent seats, the other two being for Africa.
  • G­4’s initial position was for the same rights as the present permanent members, essentially
    the veto right- Over the years, they have become more realistic
  • P-5 will never agree to give up their veto right, nor will they agree to accord this right to
    any other country.
  • (France supports veto for additional permanent members.)
  • General membership of the UN wants to eliminate the existing veto;
  • P-5 are not willing to dilute their self-acquired right
  • We should be realistic.
  • If a permanent seat is not available, there are other proposals on the table.
  • One proposal is for the creation of „semi-permanent’ seats, according to which members
    would be elected for six-eight years and would be eligible for immediate reelection.
  • Given India’s growing prestige and respect, it should not be difficult for us to successfully
    bid for one of these seats;
  • It might be a better alternative than to unrealistically hope for a permanent seat

Universal health coverage

  • UHC provides the framework in which the issues of access, quality and cost can be integrated Recent incidents- High-profile corporate hospitals.
  • Two cases involved children with dengue who died soon after leaving these hospitals in a
    serious condition after their families were presented huge hospitalisation and treatment bills.
  • The third case involved a live premature baby being “declared dead” and handed over
    to the parents wrapped(लपेटा हुआ) in plastic
  • Lack of professional standards- Medical bills, running into huge •- figures,
  • Three major issues are involved when we assess health care:
    • 1)-Access,
    • 2)-Quality and
    • 3)-Cost.
  • Each of these needs to be addressed with clarity, and not in isolation.
  • Major challenge before poorly served rural areas and overcrowded urban areas
  • Government institutions suffer from low budgets and a lack of managerial talent
  • Universal Health Coverage (UHC), now enshrined in the Sustainable Development Goals
  • 7th dec 2017 the hindu editorial analysisSteps to improving access
  • Higher levels of public •financing, investment in training and incentivised placements of
    more health personnel and improved management through the creation of a public health
    management cadre.
  • National Health Policy, 2017 and need urgent implementation.
  • Clinical Establishments Act is a good beginning, in moving healthcare facilities towards registration, ensuring compliance with essential standards of equipment and performance,
    adopting standard management guidelines, grievance redress mechanisms, and respecting
    encoded patient rights.
  • Managing cost
  • High out-of-pocket spending on health care leads to unacceptable levels of impoverishment.
  • Schemes can only provide limited cost coverage to subscribers.
  • Solution lies in doubling the level of public •financing to at least 2.5% of GDP by 2019,
    rather than 2025, as proposed in the National Health Policy,
  • Success of UHC depends on effective regulation

Recognise the technology constraints

  • India‟s reliance on imported digital technologies cannot be levelled overnight to make way
    for a uniform data law
  • Can law •fix what technology has cast in stone? This is the question that the committee of
    experts led by Justice B.N. Srikrishna- Craft a data protection law for India.
  • White Paper- Rights and principles
  • What is missing from the paper, however, is an understanding of the many technologies that come together currently to protect data in India.
  • Cannot be levelled overnight to make way for a uniform data protection law.
  • For instance, more than 80% of Indian smartphone users today rely on Google‟s Android
    operating system.
  • But the majority of those mobile devices are sold by Samsung, Xiaomi or Oppo.
  • Does the committee believe an operating system designed in Silicon Valley and a mobile
    phone manufactured in China‟s Guangdong Province have similar rules to protect data?
  • Data of every citizen were to be held inside the country, the state could probably enforce rules for its storage and sharing.
  • But to demand “data localisation” would be unwise (the Srikrishna Committee too acknowledges this).
  • Many of the world’s giant data centres are located in northern climes near water bodies,
  • Since they require mild temperatures and enormous quantities of water to cool thousands
    of servers.
  • U.S. Department of Energy in 2015 estimated that data centres in the country took about 2%
    of its overall power supply.
  • Can India, with its round-the-year warm climate and scarce natural resources
    , really afford to divert electricity and water to maintain data centres?
  • Need to spend substantial amounts on physically securing these installations.
    India‟s inability to localise data means its digital economy is governed by hundreds of
  • “private” data protection policies, some of which even contradict each other
  • Modest solution could be to allow companies to pursue independent data protection policies (guided by baseline norms), but monitor their enforcement through a national,
    multi-stakeholder agency.
  • United States Federal Trade Commission performs such a role
  • When the Indian digital ecosystem is mature enough, there could be more comprehensive
    guidelines on the storing, sharing and collection of data

Prelims Focus Facts-News Analysis

  • Page-1– capital: U.S
  • Embassy to be moved out of Tel Aviv
  • U.S. President Donald Trump reversed decades of policy on Wednesday and recognised Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, despite warnings from around the world.
  • Page-1- Quake in Uttarakhand, tremors in Delhi
  • An earthquake measuring 5.5 on the Richter Scale hit Uttarakhand around 8.45 p.m. on Wednesday, causing tremors in Delhi-NCR.
  • Epicentre of the earthquake was in Rudraprayag, at a depth of 30 kilometres.
  • Page-7– Guinness memory record for Keralite
  • Santhi Sathyan has been undergoing memory training for seven years
  • There is a misconception that memory is an innate skill whereas it is a result of
    years of training and perseverance, says Santhi Sathyan, who holds a Guinness world record for the longest sequence of objects memorised in a minute.
  • Page-8– „8% drop in environmental crimes‟
  • Data released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) recently have shown
    a decline of over 8% in environmental crimes across the country.
  • Environmental crimes include offences related to
  • 1)-Indian Forest Act, 1927,
  • 2)-Wildlife Protection Act, 1972,
  • 3)-Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986,
  • 4)-Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, and
  • 5)-Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
  • Like in 2015, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh remained the highest contributor
  • Sikkim set to become fully literate in 2018: CM
  • Centre to promote tourism in Northeast
  • Jaitley asks industry to invest in infra
  • Scale up tea exports, says Prabhu

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