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The Hindu Editorial News Analysis 4th Dec 2017

Capturing Crime

  • National Crime Records Bureau data for 2016
  • Two important aspects, violent crime and crime against women
  • State governments to make a serious study of the underlying causes.
  • Not all States are equally affected; UP and Bihar record maximum number of murders
  • Crimes against women, which includes rape, abduction(अपहरण), assault(हमला) and cruelty by
    husband and relatives, is up by 2.9% over that of 2015.
  • Delhi and Mumbai appearing the least safe:
  • Delhi recorded a rate of crime that is more than twice the national average.
  • Viewed in perspective, the murder rate today has declined to the level prevailing in
    the 1950s, which was 2.7 per 1,00,000 people, after touching a peak of 4.62 in 1992
  • Q-One question that needs to be analysed is, how much does social development
    influence a reduction in crime?
  • Since the Delhi gang rape case of 2012-
    1)-Police forces have been directed to record the crime with greater sensitivity, and
    2)-Some measures initiated to make public places safer for women
  • A focussed programme to universalise education and skills training would potentially
    keep juveniles from coming into conflict with the law.
  • Lat year‟s data indicate that there is a rise in the number of cases involving juveniles
  • Need urgent reform, such as
    1)-Modernising the police,
    2)-Recruiting right candidates and
    3)-Teaching them to uphold human rights
  • Supreme Court on police reforms issued in 2006 have not been implemented(Committee)
  • Increase in crimes against women must prompt better policing and all-round reform

Barter system to Bitcoin

4th dec 2017 the hindu editorial analysisA misleading hunger index

  • Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a multidimensional statistical tool used to describe the state of
    countries„ hunger situation.
  • The GHI measures progress and failures in the global fight against hunger
  • Per capita food production in India has increased by 26% (2004-05 to 2013-14),
  • Doubled in the last 50 years.
  • Growth rate in food production is expected to reduce hunger significantly over time,
  • GHI prepared by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), shows India‟s
    hunger level in very poor light.
  • 2017 GHI score has India ranked 100 out of the 119 countries listed.
  • India being among
    1)- Worst performers and
    2)-Underachievers in addressing food and nutrition security
  • India still faces a problem of
    1)-Undernourishment(आधेपेि खाना) and
    2)-Poor child health.
  • GHI for 2017 is calculated as a weighted average of four standardised indicators, i.e.
    1)-The percentage of population that is undernourished(आधेपेि खाना);
    2)-Percentage of children under •five years who suffer from wasting- Low weight for height
    3)-Percentage of children under •five who suffer from stunting(prevent from growing)- Low
    height for age
    4)-Child mortality(under-5 mortality or death of children under the age of five)
  • Undernourishment and child mortality each make up a third of the GHI score,
  • While child stunting and child wasting make up a sixth of the score, and together make up
    a third of the score.
  • 3/4 indicators, refer only to children below 5 who constitute only 11.5% of India‟s population.
  • “Hunger Index” is highly biased towards undernutrition of children rather than representing
    the status of hunger in the overall population.
  • “Global Hunger and Child Health Index” than as a “Global Hunger Index”.
  • Evidence shows that weight and height of children are not solely determined by food intake
    but are an outcome of a complex interaction of factors related to genetics, the environment
    , sanitation and utilisation of food intake.
  • If child health indicators are not included in the GHI, India will move to the 77th spot.
  • India‟s ranking in terms of child mortality, child stunting and child wasting is 80, 106 and
    117, respectively.
  • Calculating hunger
  • The incidence of hunger is taken as proportion of the population whose food intake provides
    less than its minimum energy requirements.
  • Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) has an average norm
    of 1,800 kcal, while the Indian Council of Medical Research-National Institute of Nutrition
    (ICMR-NIN) specfied average norm of 2,400 kcal for rural areas 2,100 kcal for urban areas
    and in varies across
  • 1)-Age, 2)-Gender and 3)-Activity-level.
  • To avoid confusion about the status of hunger and undernourishment, India should regularly prepare and publish official estimates of hunger, like that of poverty.
  • It will also help in tackling hunger.

Disability rights over time

  • A quick recap of how legislation for disabled persons has evolved
  • In 1992, the United Nations announced that December 3 would be observed every year as International Day of Persons with Disabilities
  • While disabled persons continue to struggle to secure employment and navigate their way
    around with poor infrastruture.
  • Disability rights movement gained momentum in the 1970s – Human Rights Issue.
  • 1983-1992 was marked as the United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons.
  • The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), 2006 was
    a big step towards viewing persons as “subjects with rights” and not “objects of charity”.
  • India is a signatory to the UNCRPD and ratified it in 2007.
  • 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development pledges to “leave no one behind”.
  • It states that persons with disabilities must be both “beneficiaries and agents of change”.
  • However, attitudinal, institutional, and infrastructural barriers remain, World Bank stating that 15% of the world’s population experience some form of disability and that they “.
  • 2011, the World Health Organisation came up with a world report on disability
    for the •first time
  • In India, according to the 2011 Census, 2.21% of the population has one or multiple types of disabilities, making the country home to one of the largest disabled populations in the world.
  • Legislation moved forward last year in India when the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act
    was passed, replacing the Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995.
  • The 2016 Act recognises 21 kinds of disabilities compared to the previous seven, including
    dwarfism(बौनापन), speech and language disability, and three blood disorders.
  • New Act also increased the quota for disability reservation in higher educational institutions
    from 3% to 5% and in government jobs from 3% to 4%
  • Legislation alone is not enough; implementation remains abysmal
  • Data from the National Centre for Promotion of Employment for Disabled People
    show that 84% of seats for persons with disabilities lie vacant in top universities.
  • While we have a long way to go in implementing these laws, we must also keep in mind that
  • A one-size-•fits-all approach is unhelpful for disabled persons.
  • Levels and types of disabilities differ and so do needs.

Prelims Focus Facts-News Analysis

  • Page-1- First phase of Chabahar port opened
  • India said the construction of the Chabahar port in Iran will contribute to regional trade and provide Afghanistan with “alternate access” to global markets, after inauguration
    of the
  • first phase by Iranian President Hassan Rouhani on Sunday.India and Afghanistan to bypass obstacles posed by Pakistan for trade on the direct route.

4th dec 2017 the hindu editorial analysis

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