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The Hindu Editorial News Analysis 29th Nov 2017

HADIYA

A new phase?

  • Nepal voted on Sunday in the first phase of parliamentary elections under
    its new Constitution of 2015
  • The first round was mostly concentrated in the upper hill regions, with the rest of the country scheduled to vote on December7.
  • Direct battle between two fronts.
    1)- “democratic alliance”, is led by the Nepali Congress and includes the former Panchayat parties and Madhesi groups.
    2)“left alliance”, brings together, in a surprise agreement hammered out in
    early October, the Communist Party of Nepal (Uni•ed Marxist-Leninist) and the
    Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)
  • Lack of movement on Key issues facing underdeveloped nation-state.
  • Madhesis and janajatis (tribals) have continued to claim that their demands for adequate state restructuring and federalism were not met in the new Constitution.
  • Hopes that Nepal‟s transition from a monarchy to a republic would foreground the people’s concerns.
  • the clear contest, for the •first time, between two pre-poll alliances may finally give an ideological and political shape to the republican polity.
  • Clearly, the voters are not cynical(न िंदक): the turnout in the •first phase on November 26 was estimated to be 65%.
  • The politicians must now deliver.

29 nov the hindu editorial

Hunting for solutions

  • Cecil was a Southern African lion that lived primarily in the Hwange
    National Park in Matabeleland North, Zimbabwe trophy hunting is the selective hunting of wild game for human recreation(म ोरिंज )
  • White-dominated game- Africa.
  • U.S. Endangered Species Act, making it difficult for American citizens to
    trophy hunt.
  • Elephants and lions and many other species remain of conservation concern
  • Actions to „protect‟ such species must continue.
  • But several questions remain remain unanswered:
  • Is trophy hunting good for conservation or does it contribute to population declines? Is hunting ethical, and by whose standards? Should hunting be banned, and who decides?
  • Kenya and India, where hunting bans came into force in the 1970s, wildlife populations do not seem to fare better than in countries where hunting is ongoing.
  • On the contrary, in both South Africa and Namibia where wildlife has been commoditised (trophy hunting, wildlife tourism, commercial meat production as well as local consumption) and managed for the benefit of local communities, populations seem to be doing better.
  • Report states that “the most fundamental benefit of trophy hunting to lion conservation is that it provides a •financial incentive to maintain lion habitat that might otherwise be converted to non wildlife land uses.”
  • Opposition to trophy hunting derives from an animal rights perspective rather than an objective evaluation of conservation impact.
  • Hunting is carried out about 1.4 million sq km in Africa, more than 22% of area covered by national parks in Africa.
  • Moreover, some experts claim that compared to eco tourism, high-value trophy hunting has a lower ecological footprint.
  • Trophy hunting is also riddled by problems such as lack of local regulation Pragmatic approach to conservation clashes frequently with the animal rights.
  • Trophy hunting therefore has mixed results, with a variety of factors determining its success or failure.

Rethink School Education

  • Uncertain Glory — India and its Contradictions, Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen
    begin their chapter on education with a quote from Rabindranath Tagore:
  • “The imposing tower of misery which today rests on the heart of India has its sole foundation in the absence of education.”
  • This is as true today as it was nearly 90 years back
  • Educationally it is a terrible(भया क) under-performer
  • Data from the Ministry of Human Resource Development show that only half of all students who enter primary school make it to the upper primary level and less than half- around 25 million get into the 9-12 class cycle.
  • We have around a million primary schools and only half that number at the upper primary level.
  • The number of secondary schools is less than 150,000 for a country of 1.3 billion, and even this comes down to just 100,000 at the higher secondary level.
  • While there are around •five million primary school teachers, at the secondary level the number is just 1.5 million.
  • Shift to private school education along with the Right to Education Act represents a failure of the public-school system.- Last->choice of parents
  • It is time that India began viewing school education as
    1)-A critical strategic investment and
    2)-gave it the status of a vital infrastructure project.
  • Fortunately, India to have largest number of young people anywhere.
  • By ensuring they get a world-class education over the next few decades
  • India will be well on its way towards becoming a developed nation
    sooner than expected.

Prelims Focus Facts-News Analysis

  • Page-1- Telecom regulator backs Net neutrality
  • TRAI warns against blocking of sites or preferential speeds
  • TRAI on Tuesday came out in strong support of Net neutrality in a series of recommendations following a long process of consultations.
  • Discrimination in Internet access based on the content being accessed
  • Prohibition of Discriminatory Tariff’s for Data Services Regulations, 2016.


 
 

  • Page-1– Inaugurating the Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES) here in the presence of U.S. President’s Adviser Ivanka Trump.

 

  • Page-1- Pakistan trying to revive HuM in J&K
  • Known for its war-time exposure in Afghanistan, the Harkat-ul-Mujahideen (HuM), considered “dead on the Kashmir front” since its split in 1999, “is being revived to start operations” in the Valley.
  • HuM commander Masood Shaheen alias Masood Talibani has started operating
    from Pakistan-occupied Kashmir’s (PoK).
  • India, Russia update pact on security
  • India and Russia have concluded a comprehensive agreement on security and reviewed the implementation of the Agreement on Information Security signed in October 2016 during the just-concluded visit of Home Minister Rajnath Singh.

 

  • Page-5– Alappuzha sails away with swachh glory, gets pat from UN.
  • Alappuzha, Kerala’s picturesque town famous for its canals, is among the •five
    cities recognised by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) as global
    success stories in solving the problem of solid waste.
  • Pollution is the theme of the 2017 UN Environment Assembly, to be held in Nairobi, Kenya
    from December 4 to 6.


 

  • Page-7– India loses billions to air pollution: UN
  • India had the highest share of welfare costs (or a loss of income from labour), of about $220 billion (about •1.4 trillion), in South and South-East Asia — of a combined total of $380 billion from mortality due to air pollution, according to a report by the United Nations
    Environment Programme (UNEP).
  • The global mortality costs from outdoor air pollution are projected to rise to about $25 trillion by 2060 in the absence of more stringent measures.
  • Page-7- Agency to discuss IITs’ proposals
  • Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA)- Set up by the NDA government to facilitate funds to boost infrastructure, especially state-of-the-art laboratories, in higher educational institutions — is ready to discuss and approve proposals for •financial support from the top •five IITs.
  • Discuss the proposals sent in by IITs of Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Kharagpur
    and Kanpur for •finances aimed at developing infrastructure.
    In the next round, it is expected to approve the same for the top IIMs.
  • HEFA had sent letters seeking proposals from all institutions a few months
    ago.
  • Apart from the •five IITs, the National Institute of Technology at Surathkal has also sought support, sources said.
  • The quantum of •finances to be facilitated will be decided by HEFA, based on the proposals.
  • Google search engine may offer answers to many questions asked by
    students, but it can never be substitute for a guru (teacher), said VicePresident
    M. Venkaiah Naidu
  • 26/11 attack mastermind, Hafiz Saeed, has •led a petition in the UN, seeking the removal of his name from the list of designated terrorists,
  • No compromise on India‟s interests at WTO: Prabhu
  • Next month’s meeting of the World Trade Organisation’s (WTO) highest decision-making body-December 10-13 (WTO’s) Ministerial Conference in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • B.N. Sharma as the first Chairman of the National Anti-pro•teering Authority (NAA)- IAS o•cer of 1985.

 

  • PAGE-9

  • Page– Chabahar port ready, next stage for India
  • Rouhani will inaugurate the •rst phase on Sunday, Nitin Gadkari is likely to attend the function.
  • Iranian President Hassan Rouhani will inaugurate the first phase of the Chabahar port development project on Sunday, with senior Afghan and Indian Ministers travelling
    for the event
  • aim to connect not just to Afghanistan via rail but also to the 7,200-km International North-South Transport Corridor to Russia

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