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The Hindu Editorial News Analysis 25th Nov 2017

The China plan

  • The agreement reached between Myanmar and Bangladesh to repatriate Rohingya refugees suggests that the Chinese proposal has found some traction(pulling something over a surface) as a solution to the crisis.
  • Three-month military operation by Myanmar Rakhine, which resulted in around 600,000 Rohingya •fleeing the province to Bangladesh, leading to a humanitarian crisis and a war of words between Dhaka and Naypyidaw.
  •  China stepped(कदम रखा) in with its three-point plan
  •  Beijing later claimed both countries had accepted it
  •  Under the plan, Myanmar and Bangladesh were to hold bilateral talks and reach a repatriation(देश-प्रत्यावर्तन) agreement – which has been achieved.
    1)- Beijing’s approach – which involved a declaration of cease•fire in  Rakhine to halt further displacement
    2)- Bringing immediate relief to state’s devastated Rohingya – has
    not taken effect.
  • Be Happy, Share & Help Each Other!!!
  •  If this were to happen, the third part of the proposal will presumably take effect, with China providing economic assistance for the development of the Rakhine region as part of a long-term solution.
  • China, which has historically been wary of stepping into domestic conflicts
    in other countries, is being proactive in this case.
  • Its own interest is at stake.
  • Beijing enjoys good relations with both Bangladesh and Myanmar;
  • Rakhine is an important link in its Belt and Road Initiative
  • China is building a $7.3 billion deep-water port in the province and has invest
    ed $2.45 b to build an oil and gas pipeline connecting Rakhine to Yunnan.
  • China has put pressure on Myanmar- Beijing’s economic interests.
  •  Details of the agreement have not been revealed From the details of the plan it is clear that China sees the Rohingya crisis as an economic problem, given that its solution is centered on development Unless they are accepted as equal citizens, there is unlikely to be a long-term solution to the Rakhine unrest.The mandates of natural justice

The mandates of natural justice

  • Anniversary of India’s adoption of its Constitution-Nov 26, 68 years ago
  • Chairperson of the Constitution drafting committee, B.R. Ambedkar
  • But, in 1969, the Supreme Court Bar Association declared November 26
    as Law Day
  •  Purpose in designating 26th November as Law Day
    1)-Is to emphasise the role and importance of law in the life of our Republic,
    2)-To review the state of law and administration of justice,
    3)-to suggest ways and means of improving our laws and our legal and judicial system,
    4)- To establish better and more meaningful equations between the Bench and the Bar,
    5)-To strengthen the principle of the independence of the judiciary… and
    6)-To maintain public confidence in our legal and judicial system.
  •  Which the government has now designated as Constitution Day.
  •  Constitution Day, also known as Samvidhan Divas in India on 26 Nov every year to commemorate the adoption of Constitution of India.
  • Case was triggered by a •first information report in which a retired Orissa High
    Court judge, I.M. Quddusi, was implicated for allegedly taking bribes secure favourable orders from the Supreme Court.
  • Judicial Accountability and Reforms (CJAR)
  • Second most senior judge, Justice J. Chelameswar, who ordered that the
    petition be heard by a bench comprising the five most senior judges of court.
  •  Ultimately, the CJI not only set aside Justice Chelameswar’s order,
    by constituting a five-judge bench of his own, over which he himself presided
  •  The court has no explicitly binding rules to apply; it’s guided
    partly by precedent(ममसाल), but mostly by discretion(मववेकाधीन).  CJI, P.B. Gajendragadkar, which was hearing a case concerning the validity of a Bombay land acquisition law. Gajendragadkar, they argued, should not hear the case, since its outcome would affect a cooperative housing society of which he was a member.
  • Gajendragadkar eventually agreed to recuse himself from the case, but he nonetheless expressed an intention to hear a similar dispute that emanated from Madras, where he himself had no personal interest
  •  We would be violating the basic constitutional morality that holds together
    the entire structure of our Constitution
  •  Natural justice is technical terminology for the rule against bias and the
    right to a fair hearing

Endgame in Syria

  • Engaged in the Astana Process, sponsored and guaranteed by Russia, Iran
    and Turkey, and the U.N.-sponsored Geneva Peace Talks.
  •  Over a third of nearly 19 million Syrians have been displaced
  • Over 400,000 are dead.
  • Russian President Vladimir Putin has pressed the military advantage
    in Syria to recently launch the search for a lasting political solution.
  • His summit with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad at Sochi, Russia, on November 20 produced the broad outlines of a peace process even as the Syrian leader insisted on foreign non-interference
  • Following telephonic consultations with his U.S., Saudi, Egyptian and
    Israeli counterparts, Mr. Putin held a tripartite summit on Nov 22 with the
    Presidents of Iran and Turkey.
  • They jointly announced the convening of a Syrian peace congress at Sochi
    to create a framework for national reconciliation.
  • Still disturbing obstacles.

Bamboo Cultivation in Non-Forest Areas

  • Centre Promulgates Indian Forest (Amendment) Ordinance, 2017 to
    Encourage Bamboo Cultivation in Non-Forest Areas
  •  Bamboo, though, taxonomically a grass, was legally defined as a tree
    under the Indian Forest Act, 1927.
  •  To exempt bamboo grown in non-forest areas from definition of tree,
    thereby dispensing with the requirement of felling/transit permit for its
    economic use.
  •  Amendment is to promote cultivation of bamboo in non-forest areas
  •  To achieve twin objectives of
    1)-Increasing the income of farmers and
    2)-Increasing the green cover of the country.
  • He also stated that bamboo grown in the forest areas shall continue to be
    governed by the provisions of Indian Forest Act, 1927.

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