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The Hindu Editorial News Analysis 1st Dec 2017

Dealing with Data

  • Public inputs are vital in framing a robust law to protect individual data
  • Information age opened up great opportunities for the beneficial use of data.
  • Unregulated and arbitrary use of personal data.
  • Unauthorised leaks, hacking and other cyber crimes have rendered data bases vulnerable.
  • But it is the conflict between digital era and the fear of data protection.
  • White Paper made public by the Justice B.N. Srikrishna Committee to elicit views from the public on the shape and substance of a comprehensive data protection law .
  • To some, in this era of Big Data analytics
  • European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation, 2016, in which data protection is comprehensive and exemptions limited.
  • Some may prefer the American model in which the norms are stringent for government
    departments processing personal information, while private entities have to abide by the norms of giving notice and receiving consent.
  • India does not have a separate law for data protection, though Section 43A of Information
    Technology Act provides a measure of legal protection of personal information.
  • In 2012, the Justice A.P. Shah Committee recommended a set of principles for a legal framework for protecting privacy.
  • The Srikrishna Committee has also •agged seven major principles.
  • It wants the law to be
    1)-Technology-agnostic and
    2)-Enshrine the principle of informed consent.
  • Holistic(समग्र) approach as the law would apply to both government and private entities, but with “differential obligations(दायित्व ों)”.
  • Law requires careful drafting and strictly defined concepts.
  • It is legitimate to collect personal data in the public interest, but this information should be
    protected and used only for the purposes it was collected.

Some animals are more equal than others

  • When a tiger dies in a national park, it makes it to the front pages of newspapers.
  • Over the death and destruction of habitats of other large mammals like elephants, rhinos, leopards and snow leopards
  • Several smaller species die, or are near extinction, or are threatened in India.
    These include
    1)-The Great Indian Bustard,
    2)-The house sparrow,
    3)-The shy Indian pangolin,
    4)-The caracal,
    5)-The slender loris and
    6)-The star tortoise

Conclusion

  • National Board for Wildlife in 2012 identified more than 15 species-> Magnifecent Hangul
    of Kashmir and Barasingha of Madhya Pradesh, as critically endangered.
  • It is time we gave priority to animals on the basis of the threat perception to them.
  • Today, we have the expertise to save them but lack the political will.

Protecting children from “abduction‟

  • Children suffer when cross-border marriages break up
  • Over three crore Indians living abroad have cross border marriages.
  • When such a diverse family unit breaks down, children suffer
  • Law Commission of India, led by Justice B.S. Chauhan, a former Supreme Court judge
  • The Protection of Children (Inter-Country Removal and Retention) Bill, 2016 seeks to address the issue.
  • Commission’s draft is in consonance with the principles of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, 1980,
  • Which seeks to protect a child from the harmful effect- Who have not completed 16 years.
  • Bill recommends setting up of a Central Authority tasked with discovering whereabouts
    (यिकाने)of the child

News Analysis…

  • Page-1– GDP shrugs o•GST as Q2 growth rebounds to 6.3%
  • Upward trajectory can be expected in the coming quarters, says Arun Jaitley
  • GDP growth recovered in the second •fiscal quarter from a three- year low of 5.7%

 

  • Page-1- Spurt in rape cases, with M.P., U.P. leading the table
  • There was an increase of 2.6% in crimes in 2016 compared to the previous year,
    according to the data released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)
  • Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest number of heinous crimes such as murder
    and those against women in 2016.
  • First time, NCRB included data on seizure(बरामदगी) of fake Indian currency notes
  • Rape cases recorded an increase of 12.4% from 34,651 cases in 2015 to 38,947 in 2016. Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh reported the maximum cases of rape at
    4,882 (12.5%) and 4,816 (12.4%), followed by Maharashtra
  • Uttar Pradesh registered 4.5% (49,262) of the total
    cases of crime against women, followed by West Bengal
  • Charge sheets •led in only 30% cases reported in 2016

Cyclone Ockhi.

  • Page-2– AIDS medicine brings positive results for sex workers
  • No clear strategy for rehabilitation of HIV-positive children

 

  • Page-10- Mid-air refuelling feat by IAF
  • For the •First time, an IL-78 refueller aircraft of the Indian Air Force on Thursday carried out air-to-air refuelling of the Embraer transport aircraft that has the indigenous
    Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) system Netra(Q-?) mounted on it.
  • Page-15– Chanu on Wednesday became the first Indian in over two decades to claim a gold medal at the World weightlifting championship,

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