Reform with caution
- Centre must act on the Malimath report on criminal law revamp, but with due care
- Not a bad idea to revisit old committee reports
- Centre‟s decision to revisit the 2003 report of the JusticeV.S. Malimath Committee on reforming the criminal justice system needs to be examined through the prism of civil rights
- It includes controversial recommendations such as making confessions to a senior police officer admissible as evidence, and diluting the standard of proof required for a criminal conviction.
- It also contains valuable suggestions to revamp the administration of criminal law,covering the the justice system from investigation to sentencing, from matters of policy to the nuances of criminal procedure and the law of evidence.
- The committee made 158 recommendations, and since then some of these have become law.
- Its suggestion on permitting videography of statements has been implemented.
- The de•finition of rape has been expanded and
- New offences against women have been added.
- Its advocacy of substantial witness protection has not been realised,
- But victim compensation is now part of law.
- Madhava Menon Committee’s „Draft National Policy on Criminal Justice‟ (2007)
• 1)-Popular dissatisfaction arises from the low rate of conviction,
• 2)-The apparent role of money and influence in the outcome of cases,
• 3)-Delayed and denied justice,
• 4)-Lack of protection to witnesses and
• 5)-Inadequate attention to crime victims
- Widespread perception that there is corruption
- Deep nexus(बंधन) between crime syndicates and politicians on the other,
- In the name of revamping the law, investigation and trial should not be altered in a way that
undermines the principles on which the justice system was founded.
Making our roads safe
- MotorVehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2017, will rectify systemic issues
- Process of introducing legislation for road safety has been in the making for the past four years.
- The MotorVehicles (Amendment) Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha in 2017.
- If passed by the Rajya Sabha, it will be the first of its kind to extensively reform existing
legislation on road safety, the MotorVehicles Act, 1988.
- Rectifies several systemic issues by providing for
• A uniform driver licensing system,
• Protection of children and vulnerable road users,
• Rationalising penalties, and much more.
- World Health Organisation (WHO) points out that for effective road safety management , it is imperative to have an institutionalised and sustainable data system.
- This includes information pertaining to drivers
- Digitised, uniform and centralised driver licensing system will go a long way in ensuring ease
of access, efficiency and transparency in the •filtering process.
- Also proposes to introduce digitisation in the monitoring and enforcement of traffic laws
- Already be seen in practice in Kerala.
- State has a „city surveillance and traffic monitoring system‟,and automated traffic enforcement systems to detect traffic light violations as well as speeding.
- The enactment of the Bill will facilitate the replication and creation of such digitised systems
- Children in focus
- Since 2008, in India, over 55,000 children have lost their lives in road accidents.
- In 2016 alone, 7% of road crash deaths were attributed to children below 18 years.
- This lacuna has been addressed for the first time.
- Introduces a •fine of •1,000 for the driver or guardian for the violation
- Bill promises to rationalise these •fines.
- For instance, the penalty for drunk driving has been increased to •10,000 for the •first offence and 15,000 for the subsequent one.
- Speeds, the penalty has been increased to •1,000 for light motor vehicles and
- 2,000-4,000 for medium and heavy motor vehicles
- Nonuse of helmets and seat belts, the fines have been increased from 100 to •1,000
- India has committed to reducing, by 2020, number of road crash fatalities
and serious injuries by 50%- Brasilia Declaration on Road Safety
- The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2017, will serve as the •first and
most essential step towards falling this.
A risky recovery
- Countries will need to move beyond monetary stimulus to boost their economies
- Recovery in global growth may be gathering steam, but the price the world will
have to pay for it is still unknown.
- According to IMF‟s January update of theWorld Economic Outlook, the global economy is all set to clock its best growth rate in seven years in 2018
- IMF estimated that the global economy could accelerate to 3.9% in both 2018 and 2019,
an upward revision of 0.2 percentage point
- Historic tax cuts in the U.S.
- India‟s economy is projected to grow at 7.4% during the •financial year 2019, and at an even faster pace of 7.8% the following year.
- China‟s growth is expected to slow from 6.6% this year to 6.4% in 2019
- Upward revision in growth forecasts for many countries in Europe, thanks to stronger demand
- No secret that since the 2008 •financial crisis
- “Troubling” rise in debt levels across countries, including the U.S. which could pose a huge risk to financial stability and drag down economic growth.
- In fact, the absence of substantial structural reforms
Such a recovery comes with the inherent risk
- While it is hard to predict the next downturn
- The IMF is right to urge countries to make use of the current rosy conditions to enact useful
- It is time countries recognise that monetary policy alone won‟t solve all growth problems.
Prelims Focus Facts-News Analysis
- Page-1-Padmaavat order will not be recalled, declares SC
- Page-1,10-PM calls protectionism as dangerous as terrorism
- India offers peace with prosperity, Modi tellsWEF
- India set to be in top 3: Jaitley
- India has moved from the seventh largest to the fith largest economy
- Page-1-Don’t probe Hadiya’s choice of partner: SC
- The Supreme Court onTuesday asked the National InvestigationAgency (NIA) to
stop prying into Hadiya‟s choice to marry Sha•n Jahan
- That‟s her choice,” Chief Justice Dipak Misra observed.
- Page-10-Awaiting SC nod on Aadhaar link: CEC
- The newly appointed Chief Election Commissioner, O.P. Rawat, onTuesday said the electoral body would resume the exercise of linking voter identity cards to the Aadhaar database when the Supreme Court gave the go ahead.
- Page-10-CPI(M) plans impeachment motion against CJI
- Opposition parties on the possibility of moving motion in the budget session
- „SAARC can learn from ASEAN experience‟
- Indian economy can be in top 3: Jaitley
- Finance Minister says it‟s likely in the next 25 years
- New U.S. tariffs anger Beijing, Seoul
- Trump administration imposes protectionist measures on import of washing machines, solar panelsTo protect U.S. producers, triggering an outcry in China and South Korea