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The Hindu Editorial Analysis | 2nd September ’21 | PDF Download


  • Fully vaccinated – Redefined
  • Every Israeli over 12 years is eligible
  • A booster shot five months after the second dose
  • Studies: antibody responses weaken over time
  • UK, Indonesia etc are on the path to offer a booster dose
  • SII: called for a third dose + reduce gap between doses of Covishield
  • Multiple studies will be helpful to find a proper answer/figure

  • GoI should top up its order of Covishield and Covaxin, which totals to 100.6 crore doses so far, and was last updated on July 16.
  • Double-dosing all adults needs about 87.4 crore more doses.
  • Then, booster shots will mean supplying even more doses.

Chinese shadow on Indian pharmaceutical industry

  • Health security of Indians is at risk
  • China can even eclipse India’s ability to provide affordable medicine
  • India is called the pharmacy of the world.
  • It ranks fourth in the world in terms of value and third in terms of volume.
  • India exports medicines to most of the countries and the share of Indian medicines in the US market is 34%.
  • Malaria, common infections, vitamin deficiencies, diabetes, cancer, asthma, HIV, heart diseases
  • Prior to 2000, there was a worldwide demand for Indian-made Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs)
  • India was thriving in the field of basic chemicals, intermediate chemicals and APIs.
  • After 2000, though, India continued to be the source of ready-made medicines for the world but the manufacturing of API and intermediates started slipping from India and went into the hands of China.
  • China created an unimaginable production capacity for intermediate chemicals and APIs and started dumping them in the world market including India at less than half the normal price.
  • The Chinese Government was an active collaborator providing low-interest loans, long-term moratorium on debt repayment, credit guarantees by the Chinese insurance company Sinosure, proactive research and development support, export promotion incentives, marketing incentives, cheap electricity and community facilities, and deliberately lax pollution regulatory laws.
  • 6-APA (6-Amino Penicillanic Acid, a derivative of Penicillin-G)
  • China has established a monopoly in almost all types of Intermediates and APIs.
  • China has already threatened to stop drug supplies to the US
  • India’s National Security Advisor Ajit Doval had also warned that India’s dependence on China for APIs could be a serious national security threat.
  • Production Linked Incentives (PLI) for API production – Rs 12,000 crore
  • Impose ‘Safeguard’ and ‘Anti-Dumping’ duties on all APIs
  • R&D
  • Other support by GoI

Can America Reboot? | ToI

  • The United States has a blessed geography.
  • It is bound by two vast oceans to its east and west, and by two benign countries to the north and south.
  • This should have afforded it the finest natural protection from adversaries.
  • Yet it attracted the world’s biggest terrorist attack on 9/11
  • US journey after World War 2
  • Gulf Arab region – oil supply – local and regional resentment

  • American public opinion is now largely anti-war, forget nuclear war.
  • The likes of Disney, McDonalds, and Coca-Cola, and now Microsoft, Apple and Google, have generated more revenue and goodwill than Lockheed Martin, Northrup Grumman or Raytheon.
  • George McGovern: food aid was “a far better weapon than a bomber”
  • America’s greatest wealth is not even its products but its people, who are drawn from all over the world.
  • US remains the world’s greatest crucible of the knowledge economy
  • It produces more doctorates with more domain knowledge and expertise than any other country on earth.
  • No matter what America’s sins are, the lines are longest in front of US embassies – not the Chinese or Russian missions – of not just refugees seeking a better life but of learners seeking knowledge.
  • Two – or twenty – years from now, if this course correction results in the sight of a Talib chowing down a burger at a McDonalds in Kabul and tuning into Netflix on an iPhone, the US will see itself as a victor.

The good consumer | Ind Exp

  • Jeff Bezos – summed up perfectly the advantages of the “platform” economy: “We are consumer obsessed.”
  • Apps and websites allow consumers to browse for the best hotels, with deals that offer them the cheapest prices.
  • A labour union formed by chambermaids in Spain is trying to use technology to even the playing field.
  • Las Kellys began as a WhatsApp group in 2014 in Barcelona, started by mostly women workers frustrated at the inability of traditional unions to represent their interests.
  • In the hospitality industry — as in transport and retail — hotels, particularly the big chains, have increasingly begun to outsource the employment of staff, particularly cleaning crews, to avoid paying the state-mandated minimum wage and benefits, including maternity leave.
  • Las Kellys has raised funds to start its own booking app.
  • Now, in addition to a room with a view and pool-side cocktails, patrons can judge hotels by how they treat their staff and whether, while being “consumer obsessed”, they are also decent to their workers.
  • The Spanish experiment, if successful, could form a meaningful way in which to use technology and the internet to bargain for the basic rights of the most marginalised workers.
  • Will enough consumers, as they swipe through the endless array of options at their disposal, pay a little bit extra to reward establishments that treat their staff with dignity?


  • World should benefit from our knowledge of Yoga and Ayurveda, says PM Modi
  • India’s COVID vaccination coverage crosses 66 Crore mark
  • Schools reopen in several States and Union Territories
  • America will continue its fight against terrorism in Afghanistan and other countries: Joe Biden
  • S Jaishankar to embark on 4-day visit to Slovenia, Croatia and Denmark
  • Nominations for Padma Awards-2022 open till September 15
  • Indian Railways starts to run Rajendra Nagar Terminal (Patna) – New Delhi Rajdhani Express with new upgraded Tejas rake
  • India, Kazakhstan joint military exercise ‘KAZIND-21’ begins today
  • BRICS Film Technology Symposium to open avenues for cooperation and growth in film business: I&B Minister Anurag Thakur
  • National Education Policy- 2020 will turn India into a global knowledge superpower: Dharmendra Pradhan
  • US Secretary Antony Blinken says America’s work in Afghanistan to continue
  • China hopes Afghanistan can combat all forms of terrorist forces in the aftermath of US withdrawal
  • India launches soft skills training programme for women entrepreneurs in Bangladesh
  • Bangladesh: COVID positivity comes down to 10 percent, daily death falls to lowest since June

Q.) President Biden described ________ as “a life-threatening storm.”

  1. Katrina
  2. Ida
  3. Great Bhola
  4. Hoogly

Q.) Which country opened the first road-rail transport link to the Indian Ocean?

  1. Nepal
  2. Bhutan
  3. Pakistan
  4. China


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