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The Hindu Editorial Analysis | 14th September ’21 | PDF Download

Trans-Asian rail connectivity | Pioneer

  • ITI-DKD-Y(Istanbul-Tehran-Islamabad-Delhi-Kolkata-Dhaka-Yangon)
  • It has great potential
  • Southern Corridor of the Trans Asia route (TAR)
  • Least integrated
  • The most populous-sub-regions in the world

  • Accessibility and development of landlocked countries
  • Afghanistan, Bhutan and Nepal
  • ITI train – weak link is Pakistan
  • Indian Railways has prioritised the railway corridor that connects Istanbul to Dhaka (Bangladesh) through Delhi and Kolkata.
  • India’s emphasis is on regional connectivity projects with Nepal-Bangladesh-Bhutan.
  • These networks will boost trade within SAARC countries and will be cost effective.
  • These will also be subroutes to TAR.
  • India has also an ambitious project to connect all state capitals of eastern states with the IR network.
  • The India- Mayanmar rail connectivity is planned through Jiribam-Imphal in Manipur.

  • The other route to Mayanmar is through Bangladesh Railway network.
  • The Dhaka-Comilla chord rail route planned by BR will provide an even shortened route between Bangladesh and Tripura, Mizoram and Manipur.
  • For the ambitious ITI-DKD-Y route to be fully operational, infrastructural inputs in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Myanmar are very important.
  • This will be achieved with good relationships between neighbouring countries.
  • Much will depend on the security scenario and socio-political situation of the countries involved.
  • Political stability in the countries of the region and government patronage to rail projects are important for such routes to be fully operational.

Regulatory Limbo | ToI

  • Covid – more engagements online
  • Regulatory architecture hasn’t kept pace
  • It has always lagged technological advances
  • Adverse impact on the nature of digital markets
  • The ability to accumulate huge amounts of data on users offers economies of scope inconceivable for a dominant firm in a traditional industry like steel or cement.
  • Choke competition
  • The danger comes from large digital platforms that start off as mere intermediaries but later also compete against businesses using their platform.
  • Digital gatekeepers
  • The Personal Data Protection Bill was introduced in Parliament in December 2019 and referred to a joint committee of both Houses.
  • After 66 sittings, a report still hasn’t come in.
  • The inaction in regulatory space means that early-mover advantages accruing to some firms may weaken the competitive nature of the market.
  • What India needs is a comprehensive umbrella legislation to cover digital platforms.

Talking amid conflict | TH

  • World’s two biggest powers
  • Ties have remained strained
  • President Joe Biden call to Xi Jinping on Friday
  1. Unconditionally revoking visa restrictions on Communist Party members
  2. Withdrawing an extradition request for Meng Wanzhou, the chief financial officer of tech firm Huawei who is on trial in Canada
  • COVID-19 inquiry
  • Climate change
  • If cooperating while in conflict appears an unreasonable proposition for China when it comes to ties with the U.S., it is unfathomable how it expects India to take a very different stand on bilateral relations.

Structural shifts in farm incomes | HT

  • NSO report – Farm income have risen by 57% between 2012-13 and 2018-19, at a compounded annual growth reate (CAGR) of 7.3%.
  • The share of agricultural families in debt has decreased from 51.9% to 50.2%.
  • Adjusted with inflation, growth in incomes in this period is actually 16.5%, at a CAGR of 2.5%.
  • Shift in basket
  • In 2012-13, wages contributed 32% of a farmer’s income: in 2018-19, they contributed 40%.
  • Cultivation contributed 48% of income then, it is down to 38%.
  • Farm incomes from animals contributed 12%; this number is up to 16%.
  • Non farm incomes business incomes have dipped from 8% to 6%.
  • In real terms, income from cultivation has actually dipped by 8.9%.
  • The average amount of outstanding loans has also increased by 57%; in real terms, this increase is 16.5%.
  • Indian agriculture needs a planned structural transformation


  • PM Modi to lay foundation stone of Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh State University in Aligarh today; to also inaugurate Aligarh node of Defence corridor
  • Prime Minister to visit US to attend Quad Leaders’ Summit in Washington DC later this month
  • India willing to stand by Afghan people, just as in the past: EAM S Jaishankar
  • India’s vaccination drive achieves another milestone by crossing 75 crore mark; Recovery rate stands at 97.54 percent
  • Centre says MSP approved for designated Rabi crops for 2022-23 is higher or equal to 1.5 times of cost of production
  • 21 food processing projects inaugurated during ‘Food Processing Week’ from 6th to 12th Sept: MoFood
  • Senior Congress leader Oscar Fernandes passes away
  • UN to raise more than 600 million dollars in aid for Afghanistan
  • North Korea tests new long-range cruise missile capable to hit Japan
  • Wildfire in southern Spain forces around 2,000 people to flee their homes

Q.) Who is the father of Indian Botany?

  1. Jadgish Chandra Bose
  2. William Griffith
  3. Lutchman Singh
  4. William Roxburgh

Q.) What is the source of fossil fuels for Norway?

  1. North Sea
  2. Atlantic Sea
  3. Mediterranean Sea
  4. Pacific Ocean

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