What has happened?
- The Enforcement Directorate (ED) searched Shiv Sena MP Sanjay Raut’s home in Bhandup, Mumbai, for several hours on Sunday before detaining the leader and taking him away for further questioning.
- The agency has recovered Rs 11.5 lakh from his premises.
- Raut has been under investigation in a case related to irregularities in a chawl redevelopment project in Mumbai’s Goregaon.
What is Patra Chawl project
- Siddharth Nagar, popularly known as Patra Chawl, is located in the northern Mumbai suburb of Goregaon. It had a total of 672 houses, spread over an area of 47 acres.
- In 2008, the Maharashtra Housing and Area Development Authority (MHADA) took up the redevelopment project and
- Gave the contract to Guru Ashish Construction Private Limited (GACPL) to rehabilitate 672 tenants and to redevelop the locality.
- A tripartite agreement was signed between GACPL, the tenants’ society, and MHADA.
- It has been 14 years since then, and the people of Patra Chawl continue to wait to get their homes.
Allegations by ED?
- According to the tripartite agreement, GACPL was to provide flats to 672 tenants of Patra Chawl, develop flats for MHADA, and sell the remaining area to private developers.
- However, the ED claims, Pravin Raut, a close associate of Sanjay Raut, and other directors of Guru Ashish Constructions misled MHADA, and sold the floor space index (FSI) to nine private developers,
- Collecting Rs 901.79 crore, without constructing either the rehab portion for the 672 displaced tenants or the MHADA portion.
- Subsequently, GACPL launched a project called Meadows, and took the booking amount of around Rs 138 crore from flat buyers.
- The ED has alleged that the total proceeds of the crime generated by Guru Ashish Constructions through these “illegal activities” amount to Rs 1,039.79 crore.
Allegations on Sanjay Raut
- The agency has claimed that Pravin Raut received Rs 100 crore from real estate company Housing Development and Infrastructure Limited (HDIL), and
- “Diverted” it to various accounts of “his close associates, family member, his business entities”, including the family of Sanjay Raut.
- The ED has alleged that in 2010, Rs 83 lakh, which was part of the proceeds of crime, was transferred to Sanjay Raut’s wife Varsha Raut, who used the money to buy a flat in Dadar.
- Apart from this, at least eight plots of land were purchased at Kihim beach at Alibaug in Maharashtra in the name of Varsha Raut and Swapna Patkar, the ED has alleged.
What went wrong with the project?
- As per the agreement, the developer had to pay rent to all 672 tenants every month till the completion of the project.
- However, the rent was paid only till 2014-15.
- As the tenants started complaining, it was also revealed around the same time that Pravin Raut and the other directors of GACL appeared to have misled MHADA and sold the FSI to nine private developers.
- Subsequently, GACL launched Meadows, and collected the hefty booking amount.
- Due to the non-payment of rent, delay, and alleged irregularities, MHADA issued a termination notice to the developer on January 12, 2018.
- Against this notice, nine developers who had bought FSI from GACL, filed a suit in the Bombay High Court.
- The redevelopment project was stalled, leaving 672 tenants in the lurch.
What is the current status of the project?
- In 2020, the Maharashtra government appointed a one-member committee led by Johnny Joseph, a retired chief secretary of the state,
- To study and recommend solutions for the rehabilitation and rental payment to 672 tenants.
- Following the recommendations of the committee and feedback from MHADA, the state cabinet, in June 2021, approved redevelopment of Patra Chawl again.
- The government resolution was issued in July 2021.
- On February 22 this year, the stalled construction work was restarted on the orders of then Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray.
- MHADA is supposed to develop the project and give possession of flats to the 672 residents.
- It is also supposed to immediately complete the remaining work in 306 flats in the building and hand them over to people who had won their possession in a lottery.
Q) Which of the following statements is correct about Enforcement Directorate?
- It works under Ministry of Home affairs.
- It enforces FEMA Act 1999.
- 1 only
- 2 only
- Both 1 & 2
- None of the above