Home   »   Daily Quiz for UPSC Prelims Exam...

Daily Quiz for UPSC Prelims Exam 2023 | 22nd July, 2022 – UPSC 2023 – Free PDF

Q.) Hatti Tribe belongs to which state ?

  1. Himachal Pradesh
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Tripura
  4. Uttarakhand

Q.) हट्टी जनजाति किस राज्य से संबंधित है?

  1. हिमाचल प्रदेश
  2. अरुणाचल प्रदेश
  3. त्रिपुरा
  4. उत्तराखंड
  • Who are the Hattis?
  • The Hattis are aclose-knit community who got their name from their tradition of selling homegrown vegetables, crops, meat and wool etc. at small markets called ‘haat’ in towns.
  • The Hatti community, whose men generally don a distinctive white headgear during ceremonies, is cut off from Sirmaur by two rivers called Giri and Tons.
  • The Hattis are governed by a traditional council called Khumbli, which like the khaps of Haryana, decide community matters. The Khumbli’s power has remained unchallenged despite the establishment of the Panchayati Raj System.

Q.) Consider the following statements in respect of Cheetah :

  1. In India cheetah was declared extinct in 1956.
  2. Asian Cheetah found only in Iran with less than 100 individuals left.
  3. The IUCN Status of African cheetah is endangered.

Which of the above statements are Not correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.) चीता के संबंध में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. 1956 में भारत में चीता विलुप्त घोषित किया गया था
  2. एशियाई चीता केवल ईरान में पाया जाता है जिसमें 100 से कम व्यक्ति बचे हैं।
  3. अफ्रीकी चीता की IUCN स्थिति संकटग्रस्त है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा कथन सही नहीं है?

  1. केवल 1 और 2
  2. केवल 2 और 3
  3. केवल 1 और 3
  4. 1, 2 और 3
  • India and Namibia sign agreement; officials trying to complete the first transfer to the national park in Madhya Pradesh
  • What are the Key Points of Kuno National Park?
  • Kuno National Park of Madhya Pradesh is one the most unique destinations for all wildlife lovers and enthusiasts.
  • It has a healthy population of chital, sambar, nilgai, wild pig, chinkara and cattle.
  • Currently, the leopard and striped hyena are the only larger carnivores within the National Park, with the lone tiger having returned to Ranthambore earlier this year.

Q.) Economic survey prepared under the guidance of ?

  1. Prime Minister
  2. Finance Minister
  3. Chief Economic Advisor
  4. CAG

Q.) आर्थिक सर्वेक्षण  के मार्गदर्शन में तैयार किया गया?

  1. प्रधान मंत्री
  2. वित्त मंत्री
  3. मुख्य आर्थिक सलाहकार
  4. सीएजी
  • The Economic Survey of India is an annual document released by the Finance Ministry, Government of India and reviews the developments in the Indian economy over the past twelve months.
  • It is prepared under the guidance of the Chief Economic Advisor (CEA), who also presents it in both Houses of Parliament during the budget session.

Q.) Consider the following statements :

  1. India has achieved SDG of MMR of less than 70.
  2. Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time per 10,00,000 live births during the same time.
  3. Registrar General of India is under the Ministry of Home Affairs.

Which of the above statements are  correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.) निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. भारत ने 70 से कम एमएमआर का एसडीजी हासिल किया है।
  2. मातृ मृत्यु अनुपात (MMR) को एक ही समय के दौरान प्रति 10,00,000 जीवित जन्मों के दौरान एक निश्चित समय के दौरान मातृ मृत्यु की संख्या के रूप में परिभाषित किया गया है।
  3. भारत का महापंजीयक गृह मंत्रालय के अधीन है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन से कथन सही हैं?

  1. केवल 1 और 2
  2. केवल 2 और 3
  3. केवल 3
  4. 1, 2 और 3
  • Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time per 1,00,000 live births during the same time.
  • The analysis suggests that 70% of districts (448 out of 640 districts) in India have reported MMR above 70 deaths — a target under the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). Many of the districts in southern India and Maharashtra have an MMR of less than 70.

Registrar General of India?

  • It is under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • Apart from conducting the Population Census and monitoring the implementation of the Registration of Births and Deaths in the country, it has been giving estimates on fertility and mortality using the Sample Registration System (SRS).
  • SRS is the largest demographic sample survey in the country that among other indicators provide direct estimates of maternal mortality through a nationally representative sample.

Q.) Consider the following statement:

  1. The Constitution of India provides for a parliamentary form of government, both at the Centre and in the states.
  2. The parliamentary government is also known as Westminster model of government and is prevalent in Britain, Japan, Canada, India among others.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) निम्नलिखित कथन पर विचार करें:

  1. भारत का संविधान केंद्र और राज्यों दोनों में सरकार के संसदीय स्वरूप का प्रावधान करता है।
  2. संसदीय सरकार को के वेस्टमिंस्टर मॉडल के रूप में भी जाना जाता है, सरकार और ब्रिटेन, जापान, कनाडा, भारत में प्रचलित है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. तो 1 और ही 2
  • The Constitution of India provides for a parliamentary form of government, both at the Centre and in the states.
  • Articles 74 and 75 deal with the parliamentary system at the Centre and Articles 163 and 164 in the states.
  • The parliamentary government is also known as cabinet government or responsible government or Westminster model of government and is prevalent in Britain, Japan, Canada, India among others.

Q.) The Mekong river does not  flows through

  1. China
  2. Bangladesh
  3. Vietnam
  4. Cambodia

Q.) मेकांग नदी नहीं बहती है

  1. चीन
  2. बांग्लादेश
  3. वियतनाम
  4. कंबोडिया
  • The Mekong flows from China to Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam.

Mekong River Commission (MRC):

  • Mandate: It is inter-governmental organisation to jointly manage the shared water resources and the sustainable development of the Mekong River.
  • Membership: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam.
  • Headquarters: Vientiane, Laos.
  • Established in: 1995.

Q.) Consider the following statement:

  1. The Government of India has advanced the target for 20% ethanol blending in petrol (also called E20) to 2030 from 2050.
  2. The National Policy on Biofuels, 2018, allows the production of ethanol from damaged food grains like wheat, broken rice, etc., which are unfit for human consumption.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) निम्नलिखित कथन पर विचार करें:

  1. भारत सरकार ने 2050 से 2030 तक पेट्रोल (जिसे E20 भी कहा जाता है) में 20% इथेनॉल सम्मिश्रण के लक्ष्य को आगे बढ़ाया है।
  2. जैव ईंधन पर राष्ट्रीय नीति, 2018, क्षतिग्रस्त खाद्यान्न जैसे गेहूं, टूटे चावल, आदि से इथेनॉल के उत्पादन की अनुमति देती है, जो मानव उपभोग के लिए अनुपयुक्त हैं।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. तो 1 और ही 2
  • The Government of India has advanced the target for 20% ethanol blending in petrol (also called E20) to 2025 from 2030.
  • The National Policy on Biofuels, 2018, allows production of ethanol from damaged food grains like wheat, broken rice, etc., which are unfit for human consumption.
  • The Policy also allows conversion of surplus quantities of food grains to ethanol, based on the approval of the National Biofuel Coordination Committee.

Q.) Consider the following statement:

  1. The President is the nominal executive (de jure executive or titular executive) while the Prime Minister is the real executive (de facto executive).
  2. The Prime minister is head of the State, while the President is head of the government.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) निम्नलिखित कथन पर विचार करें:

  1. राष्ट्रपति नाममात्र की कार्यपालिका (विधिवत कार्यपालिका या नाममात्र की कार्यपालिका) है जबकि प्रधानमंत्री वास्तविक कार्यपालिका (वास्तविक कार्यपालिका) है।
  2. प्रधानमंत्री राज्य का मुखिया होता है, जबकि राष्ट्रपति सरकार का मुखिया होता है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. तो 1 और ही 2
  • The President is the nominal executive (de jure executive or titular executive) while the Prime Minister is the real executive (de facto executive).
  • Thus, the President is head of the State, while the Prime Minister is head of the government.
  • Article 74 provides for a council of ministers headed by the Prime Minister to aid and advise the President in the exercise of his functions. The advice so tendered is binding on the President

Q.) Which one of the following statements best reflects the issue with Senkaku Islands, sometimes mentioned in the news?

  1. It is generally believed that they are artificial islands made by a country around South China Sea.
  2. China and Japan engage in maritime disputes over these islands in East China Sea.
  3. A permanent American military base has been set up there to help Taiwan to increase its defence capabilities.
  4. Though International Court of Justice declared them as no man’s land, some South-East Asian countries claim them.

Q.) निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा कथन सेनकाकू द्वीप समूह के मुद्दे को सबसे अच्छी तरह से दर्शाता है, जिसका कभीकभी समाचारों में उल्लेख किया जाता है?

  1. आमतौर पर यह माना जाता है कि वे दक्षिण चीन सागर के आसपास के देश द्वारा बनाए गए कृत्रिम द्वीप हैं।
  2.  चीन और जापान पूर्वी चीन सागर में इन द्वीपों पर समुद्री विवादों में उलझे हुए हैं।
  3.  ताइवान को अपनी रक्षा क्षमताओं को बढ़ाने में मदद करने के लिए वहां एक स्थायी अमेरिकी सैन्य अड्डा स्थापित किया गया है।
  4.  हालांकि अंतर्राष्ट्रीय न्यायालय ने उन्हें पुरुषों की भूमि के रूप में घोषित नहीं किया, कुछ दक्षिणपूर्व एशियाई देश उन पर दावा करते हैं।

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • The Senkaku/Diaoyu islands were formally claimed by Japan in 1895 and have been privately owned by a series of Japanese citizens for most of the past 120 years.
  • China began to reassert claims over the Senkaku/Diaoyu islands in the 1970s, citing historic rights to the area.
  • Tensions between China and Japan over the contested Senkaku/Diaoyu islands continue to increase as both countries improve their military capabilities, particularly their radar and missile systems, in the region.

Q.) The “Miyawaki method” is well known for the:

  1.  Promotion of commercial farming in arid and semi-arid areas
  2.  Development of gardens using genetically modified flora
  3. Creation of mini forests in urban areas
  4.  Harvesting wind energy on coastal areas and on sea surfaces

Q.) मियावाकी पद्धतिके लिए प्रसिद्ध है:

  1. शुष्क और अर्धशुष्क क्षेत्रों में वाणिज्यिक खेती को बढ़ावा देना
  2. आनुवंशिक रूप से संशोधित वनस्पतियों का उपयोग करके उद्यानों का विकास
  3. शहरी क्षेत्रों में लघु वनों का निर्माण
  4. तटीय क्षेत्रों और समुद्री सतहों पर पवन ऊर्जा का संचयन

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • The Miyawaki forestation method is a unique way to create an urban forest and is pioneered by Japanese botanist Akira Miyawaki who in the 1970s, began to plant young native plant species — trees, shrubs, and grasses — in tight groves to restore degraded lands. Saplings planted close together grow rapidly as they compete for light. By planting a native tree assortment, replicating the vegetation layers found in a mature forest, Miyawaki was engineering (and fast-forwarding) the stages of ecological succession by which a degraded plot turns naturally into a forest.

 

Quiz For UPSC Prelims Exam| Free PDF

 

Sharing is caring!

Download your free content now!

Congratulations!

We have received your details!

We'll share General Studies Study Material on your E-mail Id.

Download your free content now!

We have already received your details!

We'll share General Studies Study Material on your E-mail Id.

Incorrect details? Fill the form again here

General Studies PDF

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.

TOPICS:

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.