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Daily Quiz for UPSC Prelims Exam 2023 | 21st July, 2022 – UPSC 2023 – Free PDF

Q.) Consider the following statement regarding National Emblem :

  1. . The four animals in National Emblem are said to be guardians of the four directions — north, south, east and west
  2. The four animals depicted are Horse, Cow, Bull and Tiger.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) राष्ट्रीय प्रतीक के संबंध में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. .. राष्ट्रीय प्रतीक में चार जानवरों को चार दिशाओंउत्तर, दक्षिण, पूर्व और पश्चिम के संरक्षक कहा जाता है
  2. चित्रित चार जानवर घोड़े, गाय, बैल और बाघ हैं।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. तो 1 और ही 2
  • Four Asiatic lions are part of the national emblem with three lions being visible to the naked eye and the fourth one always hidden from general view. They are taken from the Sarnath Lion Capital of the Mauryan emperor Asoka.
  • The seven feet tall sculpture made of polished sandstone represented courage, power and pride. Built in 250 BC to commemorate the first sermon of Gautama Buddha, where he is said to have shared the Four Noble Truths of life, it was mounted on a base of a frieze of smaller sculptures, including a horse (under fire in the new replica for its tail supposedly resembling that of a dog), a lion, a bull and an elephant moving in a clockwise direction.
  • The four animals are said to be guardians of the four directions — north, south, east and west. They are separated by a wheel, representing the Dharmachakra of Buddhism, on all four sides.
  • Each chakra or wheel has 24 spokes. The chakra was later adopted as part of the national flag.
  • This abacus was mounted on an inverted lotus which is a symbol of Buddhism. Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang has left a detailed account of Asoka’s lion pillar in his writings.

Q.) Which of the following country does not shares border with black sea ?

  1. Romania
  2. Bulgaria
  3. Iran
  4. Turkey

Q.) निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा देश काला सागर के साथ सीमा साझा नहीं करता है?

  1. रोमानिया
  2. बुल्गारिया
  3. ईरान
  4. टर्की

Q.) Consider the following statements :

  1. Zero budget natural farming (ZBNF) is a method of chemical-free agriculture drawing from traditional Indian practices.
  2. It was originally promoted by Maharashtrian agriculturist and Padma Shri recipient Subhash Palekar.
  3. 3.Union Government recently constituted a committee to recommend suggestion on MSP and  ZBNF.

Which of the above statements are  correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.) निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. शून्य बजट प्राकृतिक खेती (ZBNF) पारंपरिक भारतीय प्रथाओं से रासायनिक मुक्त कृषि की एक विधि है।
  2. यह मूल रूप से महाराष्ट्रीयन कृषक और पद्म श्री प्राप्तकर्ता सुभाष पालेकर द्वारा प्रचारित किया गया था।

3.केंद्र सरकार ने हाल ही में एमएसपी और जेडबीएनएफ पर सुझाव देने के लिए एक समिति गठित की है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन से कथन सही हैं?

  1. केवल 1 और 2
  2. केवल 2 और 3
  3. केवल 1 और 3
  4. 1, 2 और 3
  • Zero budget natural farming is a method of chemical-free agriculture drawing from traditional Indian practices.
  • It was originally promoted by agriculturist Subhash Palekar, who developed it in the mid-1990s as an alternative to the Green Revolution’s methods that are driven by chemical fertilizers and pesticides and intensive irrigation.
  • It is a unique model that relies on Agro-ecology.
  • Eight months after announcing the repeal of farm laws, the Centre has set up a 29-member committee, as promised by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, that will look into how to make the minimum support price (MSP) more effective and transparent.
  • Besides, it will also suggest measures to promote zero-budget natural farming and crop diversification to fulfil the changing needs of the country.

Q.) Which of the following Indian State does not shares border with China?

  1. Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Meghalaya
  3. Sikkim
  4. Uttarakhand

Q.) निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा भारतीय राज्य चीन के साथ सीमा साझा नहीं करता है?

  1. अरुणाचल प्रदेश
  2. मेघालय
  3. सिक्किम
  4. उत्तराखंड

Q.) Consider the following Statement:

  1. Article 30: It provides that any section of the citizens residing in any part of India having a distinct language, script or culture of its own, shall have the right to conserve the same.
  2. Article 29: All minorities shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) निम्नलिखित कथन पर विचार करें:

  1. अनुच्छेद 30: यह प्रावधान करता है कि भारत के किसी भी हिस्से में रहने वाले नागरिकों के किसी भी वर्ग की अपनी एक अलग भाषा, लिपि या संस्कृति है, उसे इसे संरक्षित करने का अधिकार होगा।
  2. अनुच्छेद 29: सभी अल्पसंख्यकों को अपनी पसंद के शिक्षण संस्थानों की स्थापना और प्रशासन का अधिकार होगा।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2
  • The term“Minority” is not defined in the Indian Constitution. However, the Constitution recognises religious and linguistic minorities.
  • Article 29:It provides that any section of the citizens residing in any part of India having a distinct language, script or culture of its own, shall have the right to conserve the same.
    • It grants protection to both religious minorities as well as linguistic minorities.
    • However, the Supreme Court held that the scope of this article is not necessarily restricted to minorities only, as use of the word ‘section of citizens’in the Article includes minorities as well as the majority.
  • Article 30:All minorities shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.

Q.) Who is also known as Thathagata?

  1. Buddha
  2. Ashoka
  3. Chanakya
  4. Chandragupta

Q.) थथगत के नाम से भी किसे जाना जाता है?

  1. बुद्धा
  2. अशोक
  3. चाणक्य
  4. चंद्रगुप्त
  • Buddha is also called as Sakyamuni or Thathagata. He is considered as the founder of He was born as Siddhartha to Suddhodhana, the ruler of Sakyan republic, and his wife Maya, on Vaisaka Purnima in the Lumbini gardens near Kapilvastu in the 6th century BC.
  • Siddhartha married Yashodhara and had a son Rahula. His luxury life left him dissatisfied and he was troubled by the signs of sickness, old age and death that he observed in the worldly life.
  • At the age of 29, he decided to leave the palace in search of peace and understanding of the world’s ills.
  • At the age of 35, again on Vaisaka Purnima, he attained enlightenment at what is now famously known as Bodh Gaya. He gave his first sermon in a deer park at Sarnath before his first disciples.

Q.) Consider the following statement regarding CAG:

  1. The Constitution of India (Article 148) provides for an independent office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG).
  2. The reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India relating to the accounts of the Union shall be submitted to the president, who shall cause them to be laid before each House of Parliament.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) सीएजी के संबंध में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. भारत का संविधान (अनुच्छेद 148) भारत के नियंत्रक और महालेखा परीक्षक (CAG) के एक स्वतंत्र कार्यालय का प्रावधान करता है।
  2. संघ के लेखों से संबंधित भारत के नियंत्रकमहालेखापरीक्षक की रिपोर्ट राष्ट्रपति को प्रस्तुत की जाएगी, जो उन्हें संसद के प्रत्येक सदन के समक्ष रखवाएगी।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. तो 1 और ही 2
  • The Constitution of India (Article 148) provides for an independent office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG).
  • He is the head of the Indian Audit and Accounts Department and is one of the bulwarks of the democratic system of government in India
  • He is the guardian of the public purse and controls the entire financial system of the country at both the levels–the Centre and the state.
  • His duty is to uphold the Constitution of India and laws of Parliament in the field of financial administration.
  • Article 151 says that the reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India relating to the accounts of the Union shall be submitted to the president, who shall cause them to be laid before each House of Parliament.

Q.) Consider the following statement regarding I2U2 :

  1. It is a military agreement.
  2. It is a of group consisting following countries :- India, Israel, UAE, USA.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) I2U2 . के संबंध में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

  1. यह एक सैन्य समझौता है।
  2. निम्नलिखित देशों के समूह :- भारत, इजरायल, संयुक्त अरब अमीरात, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. तो 1 और ही 2
  • I2U2 initiative is a new grouping of India, Israel, USA and UAE.
  • In the grouping’s name, ‘I2’ stands for India and Israel, whereas ‘U2’ stands for USA and the UAE.
  • This is a great achievement which tells the geopolitical changes that happen in the region.
  • This will not only revitalize and re-energize the system of alliances and partnerships around the world, but also stitch together partnerships that did not exist previously or were not utilized to their full extent.

Q.) In medieval India, the term “Fanam” referred to:

  1. a) Clothing
  2. b) Coins
  3. c) Ornaments
  4. d) Weapons

Q.) मध्यकालीन भारत में, “फ़नमशब्द का उल्लेख है:

  1. A) वस्त्र
  2. B) सिक्के
  3. C) गहने
  4. D) हथियार
  • Fanam was a gold currency used only in Southern India in 17th – 19th c.
  • The word Fanam is Europeanized version of the word Panam which means coin.
  • Fanam come primarily in gold and it was one of the smallest coins in the world: 0.35-0.4 gm (full) or 0.15-0.2 gm (half) range. It was extensively used for trading.
  • States which issued gold fanams include Maratha, Mysore, Cochin, Coorg or Kurg, Travancore, Negapatnam (for circulation in Ceylon), Tuticorin, and the Mughal Empire.

Q.) In India, which one of the following compiles information on industrial disputes, closures, entrenchments and lay-offs in factories employing workers?

  1. a) Central Statistics Office
  2. b) Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade
  3. c) Labour Bureau
  4. d) National Technical Manpower Information System

Q.) भारत में, निम्नलिखित में से कौन औद्योगिक विवादों, बंद होने पर सूचना संकलित करता हैश्रमिकों को रोजगार देने वाली फैक्ट्रियों में छंटनी और छंटनी?

  1. a) केंद्रीय सांख्यिकी कार्यालय
  2. b) उद्योग और आंतरिक व्यापार को बढ़ावा देने के लिए विभाग
  3. c) श्रम ब्यूरो
  4. d) राष्ट्रीय तकनीकी जनशक्ति सूचना प्रणाली

Explanation:

  • Labour Bureau has been engaged in collection, compilation and analysis and dissemination of labour statistics at All India and State level on different facets of labour since its inception in the year 1920.
  • The various editions on Statistics of “Industrial Disputes, Closures, Retrenchments and Layoffs in India during 2006” is compiled based on the voluntary returns received every month from the Labour Departments of the States and the Regional Labour Commissioner (Central).

 

 

 

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