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Daily Quiz for UPSC Prelims Exam 2023 | 18th August, 2022 – UPSC 2023 – Free PDF

 

Q) With reference to the UNCTAD World Investment Report (WIR) 2022, consider the following statements:

  1. China (27.01%) and U.A.E (17.94%) have emerged as top 2 sourcing nations in FDI equity flows into India in FY2021-22.
  2. FDI Equity inflow in Manufacturing Sectors have increased by 76% in FY 2021-22 (USD 21.34 billion) compared to previous FY 2020-21 (USD 12.09 billion).

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q) अंकटाड विश्व निवेश रिपोर्ट (डब्ल्यूआईआर) 2022 के संदर्भ में, निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. चीन (27.01%) और यूएई (17.94%) वित्त वर्ष 2021-22 में भारत में एफडीआई इक्विटी प्रवाह में शीर्ष 2 सोर्सिंग देशों के रूप में उभरे हैं।
  2. पिछले वित्त वर्ष 2020-21 (12.09 बिलियन अमरीकी डालर) की तुलना में वित्त वर्ष 2021-22 (यूएसडी34 बिलियन) में विनिर्माण क्षेत्रों में एफडीआई इक्विटी प्रवाह में 76% की वृद्धि हुई है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Answer: 2

  • Singapore (27.01%) and USA (17.94%) have emerged as top 2 sourcing nations in FDI equity flows into India in FY2021-22 followed by Mauritius (15.98%), Netherland (7.86%) and Switzerland (7.31%).
  • It may be noted that as per the UNCTAD World Investment Report (WIR) 2022, in its analysis of the global trends in FDI inflows, India has improved one position to 7th rank among the top 20 host economies for 2021.
  • India is rapidly emerging as a preferred country for foreign investments in the manufacturing sector. FDI Equity inflow in Manufacturing Sectors have increased by 76% in FY 2021-22 (USD 21.34 billion) compared to previous FY 2020-21 (USD 12.09 billion).
  • Despite the ongoing pandemic and global developments, India received the highest annual FDI inflows of USD 84,835 million in FY 21-22 overtaking last year’s FDI by USD 2.87 billion. Earlier, FDI inflows increased from USD 74,391 million in FY 19-20 to USD 81,973 million in FY 20-21.

Q) Financial Stability Report is released by:

  1. IMF
  2. World bank
  3. RBI
  4. WEF

Q) वित्तीय स्थिरता रिपोर्ट किसके द्वारा जारी की जाती है:

  1. अंतर्राष्ट्रीय मुद्रा कोष
  2. विश्व बैंक
  3. भारतीय रिजर्व बैंक
  4. विश्व आर्थिक मंच

Answer: 3

Financial Stability Report:

  • Financial Stability Report is released by the RBI twice a year.
  • The report details the state of financial stability in the country.

Q) With reference to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS), consider the following statements:

  1. The first National Family Health Survey (NFHS-1) was conducted in 1952.
  2. All the rounds of NFHS have been conducted by the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai, as the national nodal agency.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q) राष्ट्रीय परिवार स्वास्थ्य सर्वेक्षण (एनएफएचएस) के संदर्भ में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार कीजिएः

  1. पहला राष्ट्रीय परिवार स्वास्थ्य सर्वेक्षण (NFHS-1) 1952 में किया गया था।
  2. एनएफएचएस के सभी दौर राष्ट्रीय जनसंख्या विज्ञान संस्थान (आईआईपीएस), मुंबई द्वारा राष्ट्रीय नोडल एजेंसी के रूप में आयोजित किए गए हैं।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Answer: 2

National Family Health Survey (NFHS):

  • The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) is a large-scale, multi-round survey conducted in a representative sample of households throughout India.
  • The first National Family Health Survey (NFHS-1) was conducted in 1992-93. The fifth round (NFHS-5) of the survey was conducted in 2019-21.
  • The main objective of the NFHS has been to provide reliable and comparable data relating to health and family welfare and other emerging areas in India.
  • All the rounds of NFHS have been conducted by the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai, as the national nodal agency.
  • Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.

Q) With reference to the women freedom fighters, consider the following statements:

  1. Rani Laxmibai is known for her role in the First War of India’s Independence in 1857.
  2. Rani Gaidinliu was a Naga spiritual and political leader who fought the British.
  3. Jhalkari Bai was a soldier in Rani Laxmibai’s women’s army, Durga Dal, she rose to become one of the queen’s most trusted advisers.

Which of the above statements are  correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q) महिला स्वतंत्रता सेनानियों के संदर्भ में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार कीजिएः

  1. रानी लक्ष्मीबाई को 1857 में भारत के प्रथम स्वतंत्रता संग्राम में उनकी भूमिका के लिए जाना जाता है।
  2. रानी गैडिंल्यू एक नागा आध्यात्मिक और राजनीतिक नेता थीं जिन्होंने अंग्रेजों से लड़ाई लड़ी।
  3. झलकारी बाई रानी लक्ष्मीबाई की महिला सेना, दुर्गा दल में एक सैनिक थीं, वह रानी की सबसे भरोसेमंद सलाहकारों में से एक बन गईं।

उपरोक्त में से कौन से कथन सही हैं?

  1. केवल 1 और 2
  2. केवल 2 और 3
  3. केवल 1 और 3
  4. 1, 2 और 3

Answer: 4

  • In his ninth Independence Day address to the nation from the ramparts of the Red Fort, Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid tribute to women freedom fighters for showing the world the true meaning of India’s “nari shakti”.
  • Rani Laxmibai: The queen of the princely state of Jhansi, Rani Laxmibai is known for her role in the First War of India’s Independence in 1857.
  • Jhalkari Bai: A soldier in Rani Laxmibai’s women’s army, Durga Dal, she rose to become one of the queen’s most trusted advisers.
  • Durga Bhabhi: A member of the Naujawan Bharat Sabha, she helped Bhagat Singh escape in disguise from Lahore after the 1928 killing of British police officer John P Saunders.
  • Rani Gaidinliu: Born in 1915 in present-day Manipur, Rani Gaidinliu was a Naga spiritual and political leader who fought the British. She joined the Heraka religious movement which later became a movement to drive out the British.

Q) Partition Horrors Remembrance Day is observed on:

  1. 12 August
  2. 15 August
  3. 14 August
  4. 13 August

Q) विभाजन भयावह स्मृति दिवस मनाया जाता है:

  1. 12 अगस्त
  2. 15 अगस्त
  3. 14 अगस्त
  4. 13 अगस्त

Answer: 3

India commemorated August 14, as Partition Horrors Remembrance Day.

  • The commemoration was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on this date last year. This date also marks Pakistan’s independence day.
  • The Partition is acknowledged as one of the most violent and abrupt displacements in the recent history of the world.
  • Estimates of the numbers of those killed vary; according to the official document, it could be between 500,000 to over a million, but “the generally accepted figure stands at around 500,000”.

Q) Which of the following are the features of federal system of government?

  1. Written Constitution
  2. Flexible Constitution
  3. Independent Judiciary
  4. Local Governments

Select the correct answer using the code below:

Which of the above statements are  correct?

  1. 1 and 4 only
  2. 2 and 4 only
  3. 1,2 and 3 only
  4. 1 and 3 only

Q) निम्नलिखित में से कौन सी संघीय शासन प्रणाली की विशेषताएं हैं?

  1. लिखित संविधान
  2. लचीला संविधान
  3. स्वतंत्र न्यायपालिका
  4. .स्थानीय सरकारें

नीचे दिए गए कूट का प्रयोग कर सही उत्तर चुनिए:

उपरोक्त में से कौन से कथन सही हैं?

  1. केवल 1 और 4
  2. केवल 2 और 4
  3. केवल 1,2 और 3
  4. केवल 1 और 3

Answer: 4

Explanation:

The features of Federal Government are:

  • Dual Government ( national government and regional government)
  • Written constitution
  • Division of power between the national and regional government
  • Supremacy of the constitution
  • Rigid constitution
  • Independent judiciary
  • Bicameral legislature

Flexible constitution is the feature of Unitary Government.

Q) Which of the following pairs is/are correctly matched?

  1. Tampara Lake: Maharashtra
  2. Ansupa Lake: Odisha
  3. Yashwant Sagar: Andhra Pradesh

Select the correct answer using the code below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 1and 3 only

Q) निम्नलिखित में से कौन-सा/से युग्म सही सुमेलित है/हैं?

  1. ताम्पारा झील: महाराष्ट्र
  2. अंसुपा झील: उड़ीसा
  3. यशवंत सागर: आंध्र प्रदेश

नीचे दिए गए कूट का प्रयोग कर सही उत्तर चुनिए:

  1. केवल 1 और 2
  2. केवल 2 और 3
  3. केवल 2
  4. केवल 1और 3

Answer: 3

Explanation:

  • Yashwant Sagar (Indore, Madhya Pradesh)
    • It is one of the two Important Bird Areas (IBA)in the Indore region as well as one of the most important birding sites in the Malwa regionof Madhya Pradesh.
    • Presently it is mainly used for water supply to the city of Indoreand is also being used for fish culture on a commercial scale.
    • Yashwant Sagar is considered to be a stronghold of the vulnerable Sarus Cranein central India. Due to its vast shallow reed beds, the wetland is considered heaven to a large number of winter migratory birds.
  • Ansupa Lake (Odisha, Cuttack district)
    • Ansupa Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Odisha situated in the Cuttack district.
    • The wetland is an oxbow lake formed by River Mahanadi.
  • Tampara Lake (Odisha):
    • Tampara Lake is among the most prominent freshwater lakes in the State of Odisha. It is called ‘Tampara’ as the depression on the ground gradually filled with rainwater from catchment flow and was called “Tamp” by the British and subsequently termed “Tampra” by the locals.
    • The wetland is an important habitat for vulnerable species such as Cyprinus carpio, common pochard (Aythya ferina), and river tern (Sterna aurantia).

Q) Consider the following statements.

  1. Kushinagar is the place where the Buddha attained Mahaparinirvana, and is therefore, an international Buddhist pilgrimage centre.
  2. Kushinagar has the highest population of Buddhists in India.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q) निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें।

  1. कुशीनगर वह स्थान है जहां बुद्ध ने महापरिनिर्वाण प्राप्त किया था, और इसलिए, एक अंतरराष्ट्रीय बौद्ध तीर्थस्थल है।
  2. कुशीनगर में भारत में बौद्धों की आबादी सबसे अधिक है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Answer: 1

  • Kushinagar is the place where The Buddha attained Mahaparinirvana in 483 BC, and is therefore, an international Buddhist pilgrimage centre. However, it has a negligible population of Buddhists.
  • Ten other districts of UP — Kheri, Maharajganj, Siddharthnagar, Sultanpur, Basti, Mainpuri, Jaunpur, Pratapgarh, Hardoi, and Azamgarh — have larger Buddhist populations than Kushinagar.

Q) The Vital-Vidhvansak, the first monthly journal to have the untouchable people as its target audience was published by

  1. Gopal Baba Walangkar
  2. Jyotiba Phule
  3. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
  4. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar

Q) अछूत लोगों को लक्षित दर्शकों के रूप में रखने वाली पहली मासिक पत्रिका वाइटल-विधवंशक किसके द्वारा प्रकाशित की गई थी?

  1. गोपाल बाबा वालंगकर
  2. ज्योतिबा फुले
  3. मोहनदास करमचंद गांधी
  4. भीमराव रामजी अम्बेडकर

Answer: 1

Explanation:

  • Gopal Baba Walangkar, (ca. 1840-1900) is an early example of an activist working to release the untouchable people of India from their historic socio-economic oppression and is generally considered to be the pioneer of that movement.
  • He developed a racial theory to explain the oppression and also published the first journal targeted at the untouchable people. In 1888, Walangkar began publishing the monthly journal titled Vital-Vidhvansak (Destroyer of Brahmanical or Ceremonial Pollution), which was the first to have the untouchable people as its target audience.
  • He also wrote articles for Marathi-language newspapers such as Sudharak and Deenbandhu, as well as composing couplets in Marathi that were intended to inspire the people. In 1889, he published Vital Viduvansan (Annihilation of Ceremonial Pollution), which protested the position of untouchables in society and raised consciousness regarding what those people should expect. He addressed this pamphlet, which was crafted as a collection of 26 questions, to the elites of Maharashtrian society.

Q) With reference to the history of India, the terms ”kulyavapa” and “dronavapa” denote

  1. measurement of land
  2. coins of different monetary value
  3. classification of urban land religious rituals
  4. religious rituals

Q) भारत के इतिहास के संदर्भ में, ”कुल्यवप” और ”द्रोणवपा” शब्द निरूपित करते हैं

  1. भूमि का माप
  2. विभिन्न मौद्रिक मूल्य के सिक्के
  3. शहरी भूमि धार्मिक अनुष्ठानों का वर्गीकरण
  4. धार्मिक अनुष्ठान

Answer: 1

Explanation:

Texts and inscriptions during Gupta period mention various land measure terms

  • The angula (probably ¾ inch) was the smallest measure.
  • The hasta (cubit) was the standardized distance between the tip of the elbow and the middle finger (18 inches).
  • Larger units of measure included the dhanu/danda and nala.
  • The land measures used in eastern India included the adhavapa (3/8–1/2 acre), dronavapa (1½–2 acres), and kulyavapa (12–16 acres). These were the areas required to sow one adhaka, drona, and kulya of grain respectively. Pataka was another land measure, and seems to have been equivalent to 60–80 acres.

 

 

 

Quiz For UPSC Prelims Exam| Free PDF

 

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