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Daily Current Affairs MCQs for UPSC Prelims | 29th August, 2022

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Q.) Consider the following statements:

  1. The Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Act, 1959 exempts several posts from disqualification on the grounds of ‘Office of Profit’.
  2. The above-mentioned Act was amended five times.
  3. The term ‘Office of Profit’ is well-defined in the Constitution of India.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2.  3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.) निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. संसद (अयोग्यता निवारण) अधिनियम, 1959 ‘लाभ के पद’ के आधार पर कई पदों को अयोग्यता से छूट देता है।
  2. उपर्युक्त अधिनियम में पांच बार संशोधन किया गया।
  3. ‘ऑफिस ऑफ प्रॉफिट’ शब्द भारत के संविधान में अच्छी तरह से परिभाषित है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1 और 2
  2. केवल 3
  3. केवल 2 और 3
  4. 1, 2 और 3

Answer – 1

Explanation:

  • Office of Profit is not defined in our constitution.
  • According to Articles 102(1)(a) and 191(1)(a) of Constitution, legislators (MP or MLA) can be barred from holding office of profit under Central Government or state government as it can put them in position to gain financial benefit.
  • The Supreme Court held that the Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Amendment Act, 2006 exempting 55 offices occupied by members of Parliament from disqualification was constitutionally valid.

Q.) Feni River flows through which of the following Indian state/states before entering Bangladesh?

  1. Tripura
  2. Mizoram
  3. Meghalaya

Select the correct answer using the code below

  1.  1 only
  2.  1 and 2 only
  3.  2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.) बांग्लादेश में प्रवेश करने से पहले फेनी नदी निम्नलिखित में से किस भारतीय राज्य/राज्य से होकर बहती है?

  1. त्रिपुरा
  2. मिजोरम
  3. मेघालय

नीचे दिए गए कूट का प्रयोग कर सही उत्तर का चयन करें

  1.  केवल 1
  2.   केवल 1 और 2
  3.  केवल 2 और 3
  4.  1, 2 और 3

Ans: 1

Explanation:

  • Feni is a river in southeastern Bangladesh. It is a trans-boundary river with an ongoing dispute about water rights. The Feni River originates in South Tripura district and flows through Sabroom town and then enters Bangladesh.
  • The question of sharing of the waters of the river between India and Pakistan was first discussed in 1958. Through at least 2006 the countries continued to consider possible compromises.

Q.) Consider the following statements regarding Fiscal Consolidation.

  1. Fiscal Consolidation refers to the policies undertaken by Government to reduce their deficits and accumulation of debt stock.
  2. Rationalization of tax base and Farm loan waiver promotes Fiscal Consolidation.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) राजकोषीय समेकन के संबंध में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें।

  1. राजकोषीय समेकन सरकार द्वारा अपने घाटे को कम करने और ऋण स्टॉक के संचय को कम करने के लिए की गई नीतियों को संदर्भित करता है।
  2. कर आधार को युक्तिसंगत बनाना और कृषि ऋण माफी से राजकोषीय सुदृढ़ीकरण को बढ़ावा मिलता है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Solution: 1

  • Fiscal Consolidation refers to the policies undertaken by Governments (national and sub-national levels) to reduce their deficits and accumulation of debt stock.
  • Farm loan waiver increases the expenditure of government. Thus, it will go against the principle of fiscal consolidation.

Q.) What is ‘Zorawar’, recently seen in news?

  1. Indigenous Indian light tank
  2. Aircraft carrier
  3. Surface to surface missile
  4. Satellite

Q.) हाल ही में खबरों में आया ‘जोरावर’ क्या है?

  1. स्वदेशी भारतीय लाइट टैंक
  2. विमान वाहक
  3. सतह से सतह पर मार करने वाली मिसाइल
  4. उपग्रह

Answer – 1

Explanation :

With the experience of deploying armour at an altitude of 15,000 ft. to outmanoeuvre the movement of Chinese forces during the stand-off in eastern Ladakh, the Indian Army is prioritising the procurement of the indigenous Indian light tank named ‘Zorawar’, for deployment in the mountains.

  • In addition to the light tank, the Army will induct niche technologies such as loitering munitions, anti-drone capabilities and next generation Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities.
  • The recent experiences along the northern borders have shown that armour equipment profile is one of the most prominent factors in defining the operational capability of land forces.

Q.) Vishnugad Pipalkoti Hydro Electric Project (VPHEP) is in which river ?

  1. Ganga
  2. Brahmaputra
  3. Alaknanda
  4. Chenab

Q.) विष्णुगढ़ पीपलकोटी जल विद्युत परियोजना (वीपीएचईपी) किस नदी में स्थित है?

  1. गंगा
  2. ब्रह्मपुत्र
  3. अलकनंदा
  4. चिनाब

Answer – 3

Explanation :

  • An independent panel of the World Bank is considering a plea by residents of Haat village, Chamoli district, Uttarakhand to investigate environmental damage from the under-construction Vishnugad Pipalkoti Hydro Electric Project (VPHEP) on Alaknanda river .
  • The 444-MW VPHEP is being built by the Tehri Hydropower Development Corporation (THDC), a partially State-owned enterprise. The project is primarily funded by the World Bank and was sanctioned in 2011. It is proposed to be completed in June 2023.
  • About 40% of the funds for the $792 million project (₹64,000 crore approx.) has already been disbursed.
  • Residents in their complaint have said muck dumping from the dam threatens the local Lakshmi Narayan Temple, which is deemed to be of historical and cultural importance by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

Q.) World Water Week is the leading annual event on global water issues, organized by

  1.  UN-Water
  2.  UN Environment Programme
  3.  World Bank Group
  4.  Stockholm International Water Institute

Q.) विश्व जल सप्ताह वैश्विक जल मुद्दों पर प्रमुख वार्षिक कार्यक्रम है, जिसका आयोजन द्वारा किया जाता है

  1. संयुक्त राष्ट्र-जल
  2. संयुक्त राष्ट्र पर्यावरण कार्यक्रम
  3. विश्व बैंक समूह
  4.  स्टॉकहोम अंतर्राष्ट्रीय जल संस्थान

Ans: 4

Explanation:

  • What is World Water Week?
  • World Water Week is the leading annual event on global water issues, organized by ‘Stockholm International Water Institute’ (SIWI) since 1991.
  • The theme for World Water Week 2022is “Seeing the Unseen: The Value of Water.

Q.) Consider the following statements about PM Kisan SAMPADA Yojana :

  1. It is a central sector scheme.
  2. It was introduced by Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) पीएम किसान संपदा योजना के बारे में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. यह एक केंद्रीय क्षेत्र की योजना है।
  2. इसे कृषि और किसान कल्याण मंत्रालय द्वारा पेश किया गया था।

ऊपर दिए गए कथनों में से कौन-सा/से सही है/हैं?

  1.  केवल 1
  2.  केवल 2
  3.  दोनों 1 और 2
  4.   न तो 1 और न ही 2

Ans: 1

Explanation:

  • PM Kisan SAMPADA Yojana is a central sector scheme introduced by Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI).

Q.) The first “Divyang Park” of Maharashtra is in:

  1. Pune
  2. Mumbai
  3. Nagpur
  4. Nasik

Q.) महाराष्ट्र का पहला “दिव्यांग पार्क” कहाँ है:

  1. पुणे
  2. मुंबई
  3. नागपुर
  4. नासिक

Answer – 3

Explanation :

  • Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has provided all possible support to establish the first “Divyang Park” of Maharashtra in Nagpur and the work towards this endeavor will be started soon.
  • “Divyang Park” will have different kind of facilities for Divyangjans like sensory garden, textile Pathway touch and smell garden, skill training facility, rehabilitation facility, Sports & infotainment etc.

Q.) In India, the registration of political parties is governed by which of following provisions?

  1.  Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1950
  2.  Section 70 in The Information Technology Act, 2000
  3. Conduct of Elections Rules, 1961
  4.  Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951

Q.) भारत में, राजनीतिक दलों का पंजीकरण निम्नलिखित में से किस प्रावधान द्वारा नियंत्रित होता है?

  1.  लोक प्रतिनिधित्व अधिनियम, 1950 की धारा 29ए
  2.  सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी अधिनियम, 2000 में धारा 70
  3.  चुनाव नियम, 1961 का संचालन
  4.  लोक प्रतिनिधित्व अधिनियम, 1951 की धारा 29ए

Ans: 4

Explanation: Registration of political parties:

  • Registration of Political parties is governed by the provisions of Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
  • A party seeking registration under the said Section with the Election Commission has to submit an application to the Commission within a period of 30 days following the date of its formation as per guidelines prescribed by the Election Commission of India in exercise of the powers conferred by Article 324 of the Commission of India and Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.

Q.) Right to Health (including mental healthcare) in India is a

  1.  Fundamental Right
  2. Constitutional Right
  3.  Statutory Right
  4.  Natural Right

Q.) भारत में स्वास्थ्य का अधिकार (मानसिक स्वास्थ्य देखभाल सहित) एक है

  1. मौलिक अधिकार
  2.  संवैधानिक अधिकार
  3.  वैधानिक अधिकार
  4.  प्राकृतिक अधिकार

Ans: 1

Explanation:

  • Constitutional Provision: Right to Health (including mental healthcare) is a fundamental right under Article 21 of the Constitution.

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