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Daily Current Affairs MCQs for UPSC Prelims | 27th August, 2022

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Q.) With reference to the wind power projects, consider the following statements:

  1. So far, only 40 GW of wind power capacity has been established.
  2. India has committed to sourcing half its electricity in 2030 from non-fossil fuel sources and installing 60 gigawatts (GW, or 1000 MW) of wind power by 2022.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) पवन ऊर्जा परियोजनाओं के संदर्भ में, निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार कीजिएः

  1. अभी तक केवल 40 GW पवन ऊर्जा क्षमता स्थापित की गई है।
  2. भारत ने 2030 में अपनी आधी बिजली गैर-जीवाश्म ईंधन स्रोतों से प्राप्त करने और 2022 तक 60 गीगावाट (GW, या 1000 MW) पवन ऊर्जा स्थापित करने के लिए प्रतिबद्ध किया है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Answer – 3

Annual installation of new wind power projects in India will peak by 2024 and likely decline thereafter, according to a report released by the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) and MEC+, a consulting firm that specialises in renewable energy.

  • As part of its transition away from fossil fuels, India has committed to sourcing half its electricity in 2030 from non-fossil fuel sources and installing 60 gigawatt (GW, or 1000 MW) of wind power by 2022.
  • So far, only 40 GW of wind power capacity has been established.
  • Wind industry installations have been slowing down in India since 2017. Only 1.45 GW of wind projects were installed in 2021 with many delayed due to the second wave of COVID-19 and supply chain-related disruptions.
  • To compensate, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) granted a blanket timeline extension for seven-and-a-half months after the scheduled commissioning date (SCD) for projects with power purchase agreements (PPAs) signed before June 2021, which pushed the SCD of 0.7 GW projects to 2022.

Q.) With reference to the National Food Security Act (NFSA), consider the following statements:

  1. The Supreme Court (SC) has directed the Centre to increase coverage under the National Food Security Act (NFSA).
  2. The coverage under the NFSA is still decided by the population figures of the 2011 census.

Which of the above statements is/are Not correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) राष्ट्रीय खाद्य सुरक्षा अधिनियम (एनएफएसए) के संदर्भ में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार कीजिएः

  1. सुप्रीम कोर्ट (SC) ने केंद्र को राष्ट्रीय खाद्य सुरक्षा अधिनियम (NFSA) के तहत कवरेज बढ़ाने का निर्देश दिया है।
  2. एनएफएसए के तहत कवरेज अभी भी 2011 की जनगणना के जनसंख्या आंकड़ों से तय होता है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही नहीं है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Answer – 4

  • The Supreme Court (SC) has directed the Centre to increase coverage under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) so that “more and more needy persons and citizens get the benefit” under the 2013 law which entitles rural and urban poor to subsidised foodgrains under the Targeted Public Distribution System.
  • The coverage under the NFSA is still decided by the population figures of the 2011 census.
  • The SC ordered the Union government to re-determine the NFSA coverage in the States and Union Territories after considering the population increase between 2011 and 2021 so that benefits were not restricted to beneficiaries identified back in 2011.
  • “The right to food is a fundamental right available under Article 21 of the Constitution,” the Supreme Court noted.

Q.) Which Ministry has developed e-Shram portal?

  1. Ministry of rural development
  2. Ministry of tribal affairs
  3. Union Labour ministry
  4. PMO

Q.) किस मंत्रालय ने ई-श्रम पोर्टल विकसित किया है?

  1. ग्रामीण विकास मंत्रालय
  2. जनजातीय मामलों के मंत्रालय
  3. केंद्रीय श्रम मंत्रालय
  4. पीएमओ

Answer – 3

e-Shram portal

  • In the order, the court directed the States which were not able to register unorganised workers, including migrant labourers, in the e-Shram portal to do so within six weeks.
  • The Union Labour Ministry has developed a National Database of Unorganised Workers (NDUW) portal and the e-Shram portal for registration of labourers spread over 400 occupations including in constructions, agriculture, fishing, and dairy, those self-employed and even ASHA and anganwadi workers.

Q.) With reference to the export policy on Wheat Flour, consider the following statements:

  1. The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the proposal for amendment of policy of exemption for Wheat Flour from export restrictions/ ban.
  2. Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) is the implementation agency.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) आटा पर निर्यात नीति के संदर्भ में, निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. आर्थिक मामलों की मंत्रिमंडलीय समिति ने निर्यात प्रतिबंध/प्रतिबंध से गेहूं आटा के लिए छूट की नीति में संशोधन के प्रस्ताव को मंजूरी दे दी है।
  2. विदेश व्यापार महानिदेशालय (डीजीएफटी) कार्यान्वयन एजेंसी है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Answer – 3

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the proposal for amendment of policy of exemption for Wheat or Meslin Flour (HS Code 1101) from export restrictions/ ban.

  • Impact: The approval will now allow to put a restriction on the export of Wheat Flour which will ensure a curb on rising prices of wheat flour and ensure food security of the most vulnerable sections of the society.
  • Implementation: Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) shall issue a notification to this effect.

Q.) With reference to the Arth Ganga, consider the following statements:

  1. It focuses on the sustainable development of the Ganga and its surrounding areas, by focusing on economic activities related to the river.
  2. Since 1991, the Stockholm International Water Institute has been organising the World Water Week every year to address global water concerns.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) अर्थ गंगा के संदर्भ में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार कीजिएः

  1. यह नदी से संबंधित आर्थिक गतिविधियों पर ध्यान केंद्रित करके गंगा और उसके आसपास के क्षेत्रों के सतत विकास पर केंद्रित है।
  2. 1991 से, स्टॉकहोम अंतर्राष्ट्रीय जल संस्थान वैश्विक जल चिंताओं को दूर करने के लिए हर साल विश्व जल सप्ताह का आयोजन कर रहा है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Answer –3

Explanation :

Asok Kumar, the Director General of the National Mission for Clean Ganga, spoke about the Arth Ganga model during his virtual keynote address to the Stockholm World Water Week 2022.

  • PM Modi first introduced the concept during the first National Ganga Council meeting in Kanpur in 2019, where he urged for a shift from Namami Gange, the Union Government’s flagship project to clean the Ganga, to the model of Arth Ganga.
  • The latter focuses on the sustainable development of the Ganga and its surrounding areas, by focusing on economic activities related to the river.
  • At its core, the Arth Ganga model seeks to use economics to bridge people with the river.
  • Since 1991, the Stockholm International Water Institute has been organising the World Water Week every year to address global water concerns.

Q.) With reference to the Battery Waste Management Rules, 2022, consider the following statements:

  1. New rules will replace Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001.
  2. The rules promote setting up of new industries and entrepreneurship in collection and recycling/refurbishment of waste batteries.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) बैटरी अपशिष्ट प्रबंधन नियम, 2022 के संदर्भ में, निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. नए नियम बैटरी (प्रबंधन और हैंडलिंग) नियम, 2001 की जगह लेंगे।
  2. ये नियम अपशिष्ट बैटरियों के संग्रह और पुनर्चक्रण/नवीनीकरण में नए उद्योगों की स्थापना और उद्यमशीलता को बढ़ावा देते हैं।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Answer – 3

Explanation :

Union Ministry of Environment published the Battery Waste Management Rules, 2022 on 24th August, 2022 to ensure environmentally sound management of waste batteries.

  • New rules will replace Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001.
  • The rules cover all types of batteries, viz. Electric Vehicle batteries, portable batteries, automotive batteries and industrial batteries.
  • The rules function based on the concept of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) where the producers (including importers) of batteries are responsible for collection and recycling of waste batteries and use of recovered materials from wastes into new batteries.
  • The rules will enable setting up a mechanism and centralized online portal for exchange of EPR certificates between producers and recyclers/refurbishers to fulfil the obligations of producers.
  • The rules promote setting up of new industries and entrepreneurship in collection and recycling/refurbishment of waste batteries.

Q.) With reference to the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), consider the following statements:

  1. The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet appointed Samir V. Kamat as Secretary, Department of Defence Research and Development and Chairman, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  2. It was formed in 1965.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) रक्षा अनुसंधान एवं विकास संगठन (डीआरडीओ) के संदर्भ में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार कीजिएः

  1. कैबिनेट की नियुक्ति समिति ने समीर वी. कामत को रक्षा अनुसंधान और विकास विभाग का सचिव और रक्षा अनुसंधान और विकास संगठन (DRDO) का अध्यक्ष नियुक्त किया।
  2. इसका गठन 1965 में हुआ था।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Answer – 1

Explanation :

  • The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet appointed Samir V. Kamat as Secretary, Department of Defence Research and Development and Chairman, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • Incumbent chairman G. Satheesh Reddy has been made the Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister. Mr. Kamat will retain his post till the age of 60 or further orders.
  • The DRDO is charged with the military’s research and development under the Department of Defence Research and Development in Ministry of Defence. It was formed in 1958.

Q.) With reference to the Teesta River, consider the following statements:

  1. Teesta River is a 414 km long river that rises in the Pauhunri Mountain of eastern Himalayas.
  2. It flows through the Indian states of Sikkim and West Bengal through Bangladesh and enters the Bay of Bengal.
  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) तीस्ता नदी के संदर्भ में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार कीजिएः

  1. तीस्ता नदी 414 किमी लंबी नदी है जो पूर्वी हिमालय के पौहुनरी पर्वत से निकलती है।
  2. यह भारतीय राज्यों सिक्किम और पश्चिम बंगाल से होकर बांग्लादेश होते हुए बंगाल की खाड़ी में प्रवेश करती है।
  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Answer – 3

Explanation :

India and Bangladesh discussed a wide range of issues related to the major common rivers such as the Ganga, Teesta and several smaller rivers during the 38th meeting of the Joint River Commission (JRC) held recently.

  • The JRC meeting discussed the whole gamut of the issues related to the common rivers between the two countries, especially the Ganga, Teesta, Manu, Muhuri, Khowai, Gumti, Dharla, Dudkhkumar and Kushiyara,” said an official statement issued by Dhaka after the talks.
  • Bangladesh side requested for conclusion of the long-pending Teesta Waters Sharing Treaty at an early date. The Indian side assured of their utmost efforts in concluding the agreement.
  • Teesta River is a 414 km long river that rises in the Pauhunri Mountain of eastern Himalayas, flows through the Indian states of Sikkim and West Bengal through Bangladesh and enters the Bay of Bengal.

Q.) With reference to the Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Act, 1958, consider the following statements:

  1. The Government amended the Supreme Court Judges Rules to entitle a retired Chief Justice rent-free Type-VII accommodation in Delhi for six months from the date of superannuation.
  2. The amended Rules mandated that a retired Chief Justice and judges should be extended, as per protocol, courtesies at ceremonial lounges at airports.

Which of the above statements is/are Incorrect?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) सर्वोच्च न्यायालय के न्यायाधीश (वेतन और सेवा की शर्तें) अधिनियम, 1958 के संदर्भ में, निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. सरकार ने सेवानिवृत्ति की तारीख से छह महीने के लिए दिल्ली में एक सेवानिवृत्त मुख्य न्यायाधीश को किराए से मुक्त टाइप- VII आवास का हकदार बनाने के लिए सुप्रीम कोर्ट के न्यायाधीशों के नियमों में संशोधन किया।
  2. संशोधित नियमों में यह अनिवार्य किया गया है कि एक सेवानिवृत्त मुख्य न्यायाधीश और न्यायाधीशों को प्रोटोकॉल के अनुसार, हवाई अड्डों पर औपचारिक लाउंज में शिष्टाचार के अनुसार बढ़ाया जाना चाहिए।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन गलत है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Answer – 4

Explanation :

The Government amended the Supreme Court Judges Rules to entitle a retired Chief Justice rent-free Type-VII accommodation in Delhi for six months from the date of superannuation.

  • A notification issued by the Ministry of Law and Justice said the accommodation would be other than the designated official residence.
  • The amended Rules added that a retired Chief Justice and Judges of the Supreme Court shall be entitled to a chauffeur, a secretarial assistant and round-the-clock security cover, in addition to his or her personal security guard for a period of a year from the date of retirement.
  • Further, the amended Rules mandated that a retired Chief Justice and judges should be extended, as per protocol, courtesies at ceremonial lounges at airports.
  • The government has amended the original Supreme Court Judges Rules of 1959 in exercise of powers conferred on it under the Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Act, 1958.
  • A 2013 decision of the Supreme Court had taken a serious view of former Ministers, MPs and even retired Judges and government servants overstaying in bungalows beyond the allotted period.

 

 

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