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Daily Current Affairs for UPSC – 26 September 2022

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC 2022

Q) Consider the following statements regarding Monsoon withdrawal

  1. Monsoon withdrawal begins with the cessation of rainfall activity over northwest India for seven straight days, an anticyclone establishing itself in the lower troposphere and a marked reduction in moisture content.
  2. Withdrawal starts from the last State where monsoon reaches, which is Rajasthan.
  3. Withdrawal season continues from mid-September to almost end of October. It is then replaced by the retreating, or northeast monsoon in November.

Which of these statements are correct?

  1. 2 and 3 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. All of the above
  4. 1 and 2 only

Explanation:

What is the monsoon withdrawal?

  • Monsoon withdrawal begins with the cessation of rainfall activity over northwest India for five straight days, an anticyclone establishing itself in the lower troposphere and a marked reduction in moisture content. (Statement 1 is not correct)
  • Withdrawal starts from the last State where monsoon reaches, which is Rajasthan. (Statement 2 is correct)
  • Withdrawal season continues from mid-September to almost end of October. It is then replaced by the retreating, or northeast monsoon in November. (Statement 3 is correct)

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC – 24th September 2022

Q) Consider the following statements regarding Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO)

  1. It is an oceanic-atmospheric phenomenon which affects weather activities across the globe. It brings major fluctuation in tropical weather on weekly to monthly timescales.
  2. When it is over the Indian Ocean during the Monsoon season, it brings bad news for the Indian Monsoon good rainfall over the Indian subcontinent.
  3. On the other hand, when it witnesses a longer cycle and stays over the Pacific Ocean, MJO brings good rainfall over the Indian subcontinent.

Which of these statements are correct?

  1. 2 and 3 only
  2. All of the above
  3. 2 only
  4. 1 only

Explanation:

About:

  • It is an oceanic-atmospheric phenomenon which affects weather activities across the globe. It brings major fluctuation in tropical weather on weekly to monthly timescales. (Statement 1 is correct)
  • The MJO can be defined as an eastward moving ‘pulse’ of clouds, rainfall, winds and pressure near the equator that typically recurs every 30 to 60 days.
  • It’s a traversing phenomenon and is most prominent over the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
  • The journey of MJO goes through eight phases.
  • When it is over the Indian Ocean during the Monsoon season, it brings good rainfall over the Indian subcontinent. (Statement 2 is not correct)
  • On the other hand, when it witnesses a longer cycle and stays over the Pacific Ocean, MJO brings bad news for the Indian Monsoon. (Statement 3 is not correct)

Q) Consider the following statements regarding India’s manufacturing sector

  1. Manufacturing sector contributes a quarter in the gross domestic product of India
  2. Employment generated through manufacturing sector accounts for around 14 % of the labour force.
  3. India has emerged as the third largest manufacturer of the world with 3% of global manufacturing output.

Which of these statements are not correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

Explanation:

Stats IQ: India’s manufacturing sector

  • Contribution to GDP: 16-17% of GDP. (Statement 1 is not correct)
  • Employment generation: 6.24 crore in 2019-20 (14% of the labour force). (Statement 2 is correct)
  • Global rankings:
  • India is the fifth largest manufacturer in the world and accounts for roughly three per cent of global manufacturing output. (Statement 3 is not correct)
  • According to Global Manufacturing Risk Index 2021, India has emerged as the second most sought after manufacturing destination across the world.

Q) Consider the following statements regarding the judgements on capital punishment in India

  1. Jagmohan Singh V/s State of UP 1973: : The Supreme Court outlined certain factors that determine whether a case should be considered rarest of rares.
  2. Bachan Singh V/s State of Punjab 1979: In this case the Supreme Court held that capital punishment should only be given in rarest of rare cases.
  3. Machhi Singh V/s State of Punjab 1983: The Supreme Court held that according to Article 21 deprivation of life is constitutionally permissible if that is done according to the procedure established by law.

Which of these statements are correct?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 3 only

Explanation:

What are the Major Cases Related to Capital Punishment in India?

  • Jagmohan Singh V/s State of UP 1973: The Supreme Court held that according to Article 21 deprivation of life is constitutionally permissible if that is done according to the procedure established by law. (Statement 1 is not correct)
  • Bachan Singh V/s State of Punjab 1979: In this case the Supreme Court held that capital punishment should only be given in rarest of rare cases. (Statement 2 is correct)
  • Machhi Singh V/s State of Punjab 1983: The Supreme Court outlined certain factors that determine whether a case should be considered rarest of rares. (Statement 3 is not correct)
    • The Supreme Court listed the two questions that need to be answeredprior to the imposition of the death sentence on individual cases.
      • Firstly, is the offence committed so exceptional that there is no scope for awarding any other sentence.
      • Secondly, even when weightage is accorded to the mitigating circumstances does the circumstances still warrant death penalty.

Q) Consider the following statements regarding Ransomware

  1. Ransomware is a type of malware that prevents users from accessing their system or personal files and demands ransom payment to restore access to the user.
  2. Ransomware attackers have targeted organisations of big economic magnitude and critical infrastructure.
  3. Recently, the G7 passed a joint statement on Ransomware.

Which of these statements are not correct?

  1. 3 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1 and 2 only

Explanation:

Ransomware

  • Ransomware is a type of malware that prevents users from accessing their system or personal files and demands ransom payment to restore access to the user. (Statement 1 is correct)
  • Ransomware attackers have targeted organisations of all sizes, regardless of their location. (Statement 2 is not correct)
  • The global economic losses from ransomware, especially due to payments reached over USD 400 million globally in 2020.
  • Foreign Ministers of the Quad grouping have come out with a joint “statement on ransomware” targeting state-sponsored cybercrime originating from China, Russia, Iran and North Korea. (Statement 3 is not correct)

Q) The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), recently, hiked the Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) for the banks in India. Consider the following statements regarding CRR.

  1. It is a percentage of Net Demand and Time Liabilities (NDTL) that a bank has to maintain with the RBI.
  2. Banks earn interest at the rate fixed by the RBI on such deposits.
  3. The RBI often decreases the CRR to contain inflation or excess money in the economy.

Which of these statements are not correct?

  1. 3 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1 and 3 only

Explanation:

  • CRR is a percentage of Net Demand and Time Liabilities (NDTL) that a bank has to maintain with the RBI. (Statement 1 is correct)
  • Banks do not earn any interest of Cash Reserve Ratio. (Statement 2 is not correct)
  • RBI often increases CRR to suck excess liquidity and contain inflation. (Statement 3 is not correct)

Q) Recently, super typhoon Noru has struck which of the following locations?

  1. Visayas, Philippines
  2. Mindanao, Philippines
  3. Java, Indonesia
  4. None of the above

Explanation:

  • Thousands of people have fled their homes in the Luzon Island of Philippines because of Super Typhoon Noru.

About Super Typhoon Noru

  • Typhoon Noru, known in the Philippines as Super Typhoon Karding, is a strong tropical cyclone that made a very powerful landfall over Central Luzon.
  • It is the eighth typhoon of the 2022 Pacific typhoon season.
  • It originated as a tropical depression in the Pacific Ocean, east of Philippines and headed west towards Luzon Island.

Q) Consider the following statements regarding Bathukamma festival

  1. Bathukamma celebrates the relationship between earth, water and the human beings during the Durga Navratri
  2. It is celebrated in the southern state of Kerala and coastal regions of Karnataka.

Which of these statements are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. None
  3. Both
  4. 2 only

Explanation:

  • The nine-day Bathukamma festival has begun.

About Bathukamma festival:

  • Bathukamma is celebrated for nine days during Durga Navratri in the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. (Statement 2 is not correct)
  • Bathukamma celebrates the relationship between earth, water and the human beings. (Statement 1 is correct)
  • The festival starts with “Engilipoola Bathukamma”, one of the variants of the festival of flowers and ends with “Saddula Bathukamma”.

Q) Which of the following countries are the members of the Asian Palm Oil Alliance?

  1. India
  2. Sri Lanka
  3. Pakistan
  4. Indonesia
  5. Malaysia

Choose the correct option

  1. 1, 2, 4 and 5 only
  2. 1, 4 and 4 only
  3. 1, 2 and 5 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3 only

Explanation:

  • Context: Edible oil trade associations from five palm oil importing countries in South Asia – India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal have set up Asian Palm Oil Alliance (APOA).
  • Aim: To gain collecting bargaining power and make imports sustainable.

Significance

  • It empowers several Asian countries for whom palm oil is a source of affordable food and nutrition.
  • It is expected to safeguard the economic and business interests of the palm- oil consuming countries and create a level playing field for all fats and oils used in food, feed and oleochemicals in Asia.
  • It will work towards increasing the consumption of sustainable palm oil in member countries
  • It will strengthen Asia’s role in palm oil sustainability disclosure.
  • It would work towards ensuring that palm oil is recognised as a high-quality, economical, and healthy vegetable oil and to change the negative image of palm oil.

Q) Indian Railways is installing Real-Time Train Information System (RTIS). Consider the following statements regarding the said system.

  1. RTIS has been developed in collaboration with ISRO, on locomotives and trains “for automatic acquisition of train movement timing at the stations, including that of arrival and departure or run-through.
  2. It will provide train’s movement information as current as 30 seconds to railway passengers.

Which of these statements are not correct?

  1. 2 only
  2. 1 only
  3. None
  4. Both

Explanation:

  • Context: Indian Railways is installing Real-Time Train Information System (RTIS).
  • RTIS has been developed in collaboration with ISRO, on locomotives and trains “for automatic acquisition of train movement timing at the stations, including that of arrival and departure or run-through. (Statement 1 is correct)

Significance

  • It will provide train’s movement information as current as 30 seconds to railway passengers. (Statement 2 is correct)
  • The Train Control can now track the location and speed of RTIS enabled locomotives /train more closely, without any manual intervention.

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC – 27th September 2022

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