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Daily Current Affairs for UPSC – 26 November 2022

 

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC 2022

Q) Consider the following water bodies:

  1. Kara Sea
  2. Laptev Sea
  3. Beaufort Sea
  4. Chukchi Sea

How many of water bodies given above is located on/near Artic Ocean?

  1. Only one water body
  2. Only two water bodies
  3. Only three water bodies
  4. All four water bodies

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC – 25  November 2022

Explanation:

  • Option (4) is correct: The Arctic Ocean is one of the world’s five oceans. It is the northernmost, shallowest, and smallest of these oceans. Large parts of the Arctic Ocean remain seasonally or permanently covered by ice. This ocean also has the lowest salinity of the world’s oceans due to the low evaporation rates. The ocean also receives large volumes of freshwater from a large number of rivers draining into it. The Arctic Ocean features many marginal seas, bays, gulfs, straits, and other water bodies. Some of the most important of these water bodies are Chukchi Sea, East Siberian Sea, Laptev Sea, Kara Sea, Barents Sea, Greenland Sea, Amundsen Gulf, Hudson Strait, Hudson Bay, James Bay, Beaufort Sea, Norwegian Sea.

Q) With reference to Guru Tegh Bahadur, consider the following statements:

  1. He was a contemporary of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
  2. He visited Dhaka as well as the Ahom kingdom of Assam.
  3. He was martyred along with Bhai Mati Das and Bhai Sati Das at Delhi’s Chandni Chowk.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct: Guru Tegh Bahadur was born in Amritsar on April 21, 1621, to Mata Nanki and Guru Hargobind. Guru Hargobind was the sixth Sikh guru, who raised an army against the Mughals and introduced the concept of warrior saints. He became the ninth Sikh Guru after the eight guru, Guru HarKrishan (1656-1664) and was followed by the tenth guru, Guru Gobind Singh (1666-1708). Aurangzeb was the ruling Mughal emperor at the time.
  • Statement 2 is correct: A little more than a year after setting up his headquarters in present-day Anandpur Sahib in 1665, the guru spent four-odd years travelling up to Dhaka in the east, and going up to Puri in Odisha. He also visited Mathura, Agra, Benares, Allahabad, and Patna, Ahom kingdom. While the guru was on the way back from Dhaka, Raja Ram Singh sought his help to broker a truce with the Ahom king. Gurdwara Dhubri Sahib on the banks of the Brahmaputra commemorates this peace accord. The guru was also honoured at Guwahati Kamakhya temple.
  • Statement 3 is correct: He was tortured to death and beheaded at Chandni Chowk in Delhi in 1675 on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. He was along with his three companions, Bhai Mati Das, who was torn asunder, Bhai Sati Das, who was burnt to death, and Bhai Dyala ji, who was put in boiling water. Gurdwara Sis Ganj was built on the site on which they were executed in 1783.

Q) Consider the following statements, With reference to Judiciary and Right to Information (RTI):

  1. Under the RTI Act, 2005, the Chief Justice of India is regarded as a public authority.
  2. The online RTI portal of the Supreme Court can be accessed only by Indian citizens.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct: In the Supreme Court Vs Subhash Chandra Agrawal Judgment, a five-judge constitution bench of Supreme Court ruled that that the office of the Chief Justice of India (CJI) is a public authority under the Right to Information (RTI) Act, 2005. Thus, the office of the CJI will now entertain RTI applications. “Public authority” means any authority or body or institution of self government established or constituted:
    • By or under the Constitution.
    • By any other law made by Parliament.
    • By any other law made by State Legislature.
    • By notification issued or order made by the appropriate Government, and includes a body owned, controlled or substantially financed.
    • Non-Government organization substantially financed, directly or indirectly by funds provided by the appropriate Government.
  • Statement 2 is correct: The online RTI Portal has been initiated to make it convenient for the citizens of India to access information about the Supreme Court. Earlier, the Right to Information (RTI) applications at the Supreme Court had to be filed only via post. The facility of filing online RTI applications is open only to Indian Citizens. The fee per RTI application is Rs 10. Any applicant who is Below Poverty Line (BPL) is exempted to pay the application fee under the RTI Rules, 2012. Only those who wish to obtain information on the Supreme Court can access the portal and any other information from public authorities can be done through the respective Central/State government portal. It is mandatory to provide address proof while submitting RTI application. By law, RTIs must be replied to within 30 days. In fact, in life and death cases, RTIs must be responded to within 48 hours.

Q) With reference to hemophilia, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. It is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of an additional copy of the X chromosome.
  2. The blood clotting mechanism is hampered due to mutations in the genes instructing clotting proteins.
  3. The possibility of a female becoming hemophilic is extremely rare.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is incorrect: Haemophilia is a sex linked recessive disease which shows its transmission from unaffected carrier female to some of the male progeny. The heterozygous female (carrier) for haemophilia may transmit the disease to sons. The family pedigree of Queen Victoria shows a number of haemophilic descendents as she was a carrier of the disease. Klinefelter’s Syndrome is a genetic disorder which is caused due to the presence of an additional copy of X-chromosome resulting into XXY. Such an individual has overall masculine development, however, the feminine development, such as development of breast, that is, Gynaecomastia, is also expressed. Such individuals are sterile.
  • Statement 2 is correct: Hemophilia is a genetic disorder in which the blood does not clot properly. This can result in spontaneous bleeding as well as bleeding after injuries or surgery.  Hemophilia is caused by a mutation in one of the genes that gives instructions for making the clotting factor proteins needed to form a blood clot.
  • Statement 3 is correct: The X and Y sex chromosomes determine hemophilia inheritance patterns in offspring. The gene for hemophilia is carried on the X chromosome. Thus the possibility of a female becoming a haemophilic is extremely rare because mother of such a female has to be at least carrier and the father should be haemophilic.

Q) With reference to effects of depreciation of rupee, consider the following statements:

  1. The pharmaceutical industry gains with a fall in currency rates.
  2. The aviation industry is negatively impacted by the depreciating rupee.
  3. Foreign portfolio investment rises as the rupee falls in value.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Explanation: Rupee Depreciation reduces the value of a country’s currency when compared with the currency of other countries. Depreciation discourages imports because the imported goods become more expensive due to a reduction in the value of rupee. As the goods become more and more expensive it leads to rising inflation.

  • Statement 1 is correct: For The pharmaceutical industry rupee depreciation is in general positive as the industry is a net exporter. However, the exact impact will depend on the segment, geography and import dependence for inputs.
  • Statement 2 is correct: For The pharmaceutical sector Jet fuel, lease payments, maintenance and overhaul costs, along with aircraft purchases, are typically priced in dollars. Thus depreciating rupee increases day-to-day cost of operations, squeezing profit and cash balance. This impacts the profitability of airlines.
  • Statement 3 is incorrect: Steep deterioration of currency is not healthy in long term, as India is still net importer of commodity, that is, industries linked to imports has to bear higher input cost. A weaker rupee can discourage foreign portfolio investment (FPIs). In turn, FPI outflows can further push the rupee to depreciate.

 

 

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